Survey of Biological Progress

Survey of Biological Progress

Volume 2

1st Edition - January 1, 1952

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  • Editors: George S. Avery, E. C. Auchter, G. W. Beadle
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483225043

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Survey of Biological Progress, Volume II is an eight-chapter text that covers the advances in some biological subjects, including human genetics, plant morphogenesis, histochemistry, and plant reproduction. The opening chapter examines the kinetics of the effect of radiation on living systems. The succeeding chapters explore the developments in the field of human genetics and oceanography. These topics are followed by discussions on the regularity and the specific patterns exhibited in plant morphogenesis; the practical application of plant hormones in horticulture and agriculture; and the technical problems in histochemical studies. A chapter evaluates theoretical and experimental evidence on the fine structure of protoplasm. The final chapter looks into the environmental factors and physiological changes that can be associated with the production of sex structures of all kinds of plants. This book is of great value to biologists, geneticists, researchers, and biology teachers and students.

Table of Contents

  • Effects of Radiations on Biological Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Types of Radiation

    III. Radiation Dosage Units

    IV. Radiation Energy Transfer Mechanisms

    V. The Distribution of Energy

    VI. The Target Theory

    VII. The Relation between Chemical and Biological Effects of Radiation

    VIII. The Effect of Radiations on Microorganisms

    IX. Cytological Effects

    X. Genetic Effects

    XI. Carcinogenesis

    XII. Physiological Effects 36

    XIII. Embryological and Developmental Effects

    XIV. Factors Determining Radiation Sensitivity


    Progress in Human Genetics


    I. Cytology

    II. New Hereditary Traits, Rare and Frequent

    III. Linkage, Partial Sex Linkage, Number of Loci

    IV. Mutation Rates, Effect of Radiation on Human Genes

    V. Pleiotropism, Syndromes, Phenocopies

    VI. Blood Antigens, Multiple Alleles, Medico-Legal Aspects

    VII. Mother-Fetus Interactions, Antigenic Incompatibility

    VIII. Population Genetics, Consanguinity, Size of the Mating System

    IX. Eugenic Aspects. Controversy about Declining Intelligence


    Biological Oceanography

    I. Introduction

    II. Geographical Zonation

    III. Some Principles and Methods of Biological Oceanography

    IV. Ecological Analysis

    V. Fluctuations in Océanographie Properties


    Morphogenesis in Plants

    I. The Problems

    II. Polarity as a First Step in Differentiation

    III. No Differentiation without Polarity

    IV. The Importance of Unequal Divisions for the Formation of Tissues and Organs

    V. The Mutual Incompatibility of Regions of Vigorous Protoplasmic Growth as a Principle of Differentiation

    VI. The Causes of the Principle of the Mutual Incompatibility of Regions of Vigorous Protoplasmic Growth

    VII. The Stability of Determination

    VIII. Homoeogenetic Induction

    IX. Multiplicity of Differentiations

    X. Regulators and Determiners

    XI. External Factors

    XII. The Light Factor in Morphogenesis


    The Control of Plant Growth by the Use of Special Chemicals, with Particular Emphasis on Plant Hormones

    I. Introduction

    II. Control of Vegetative Plant Growth

    III. Control of Reproductive Plant Structures

    IV. Effect on Animals and Humans

    V. Chemical and Physiological Aspects of Growth Control

    VI. Action and Fate of Hormones in the Soil

    VII. Plant Viruses and Plant Hormones



    I. Introduction

    II. The Methods of Histochemistry

    III. Histochemistry as an Adjunct of Cell Physiology


    The Fine Structure of Protoplasm

    I. Introduction

    II. Current Theories of the Fine Structure of Protoplasm

    III. The Present Results of Investigations of the Fine Structure

    IV. Repeating Patterns of Structure


    Physiology of Reproduction in Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Physiology of Reproduction among the Fungi

    III. Sex Hormones in the Fungi

    IV. Physiology of Reproduction among the Algae

    V. Physiology of Reproduction in Bryophyta and Pterodophyta

    VI. Physiology of Reproduction in Seed Plants

    VII. Nutritional vs. Hormonal Hypotheses Concerning Flower Initiation

    VIII. Physiological Changes Accompanying Floral Initiation

    IX. Fertilization and Fruit Development

    X. Conclusion


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1952
  • Published: January 1, 1952
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483225043

About the Editors

George S. Avery

E. C. Auchter

G. W. Beadle

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