Assessing Available Information.
Organizing and Preliminary Planning for Surgical Research
Writing a Protocol: Animals, Humans, and Use of Biologic, Chemical, and Radiologic Agents.
Informed Consent and the Protection of Human Research Subjects: Historical Perspectives and Guide to Current United States Regulations.
Animal Care and Maintenance.
Funding Strategies and Agencies: Academic-Industrial Relationships; Intellectual Property.
Use of Nonexperimental Studies to Evaluate Surgical Procedures and Other Interventions: The Challenge of Risk Adjustment.
Measuring Surgical Outcomes.
Design of Clinical Trials.
Using Administrative Data for Clinical Research.
Research in the Intensive Care Unit: Ethical and Methodological Issues.
Research in the Operating Room.
Effects of Age and Gender.
Strategies, Principles, and Techniques Using Transgenic and Knockout Mouse Models.
Tissue Culture, Cell Growth, and Analysis.
Hematopoietic Stem Cells: Basic Concepts and Applications to Surgical Research.
Base Molecular Biological Methods in Surgical Research: Genetic Library Construction, Screening, and DNA Sequencing.
Signal Transduction and Apoptosis.
Mechanisms and Regulation of Eukaryotic Protein Synthesis.
Organelle Studies: Mitochondria, Golgi, and Endoplasmic Reticulum.
Membrane Biology and Biophysics.
Molecular Epidemiology: Beyond Gene Discovery to Clinical Diagnostic Tools.
Shock Models: Hemorrhage.
Scoring Systems for Trauma Research.
Blunt Trauma Models: Fractures, Chest