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Seismic Wave Analysis for Near Surface Applications presents the foundational tools necessary to properly analyze surface waves acquired according to both active and passive techniques. Applications range from seismic hazard studies, geotechnical surveys and the exploration of extra-terrestrial bodies.
Surface waves have become critical to near-surface geophysics both for geotechnical goals and seismic-hazard studies. Included in this book are the related theories, approaches and applications which the lead editor has assembled from a range of authored contributions carefully selected from the latest developments in research.
A unique blend of theory and practice, the book’s concepts are based on exhaustive field research conducted over the past decade from the world’s leading seismologists and geophysicists.
- Edited by a geophysicist with nearly 20 years of experience in research, consulting, and geoscience software development
- Nearly 100 figures, photographs, and examples aid in the understanding of fundamental concepts and techniques
- Presents the latest research in seismic wave characteristics and analysis, the fundamentals of signal processing, wave data acquisition and inversion, and the latest developments in horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR)
- Each chapter features a real-world case study—13 in all—to bring the book’s key principles to life
Primary audience includes seismologists, geophysicists, and geologists.
Secondary audience includes instructors and students at the upper undergraduate and graduate levels taking related coursework
- Chapter 1. Introducing Surface Waves
- 1.1. A Brief Introduction
- 1.2. Lord Rayleigh and Prof. Love
- 1.3. Dispersion for Dummies
- 1.4. Dispersion, Velocity Spectra, and Dispersion Curves
- 1.5. Attenuation in Short
- 1.6. Surface Waves, Geology, Nonuniqueness, and Anisotropies
- Chapter 2. Data Acquisition
- 2.1. Introduction
- 2.2. Active Methodologies
- 2.3. Passive Methodologies
- 2.4. Few Final Remarks
- Chapter 3. Understanding Surface-Wave Phenomenology
- 3.1. Introducing the Problem
- 3.2. More about Modes and Components
- 3.3. About Passive Methods
- 3.4. Few Final Remarks
- Chapter 4. Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio
- 4.1. Introduction
- 4.2. Data Acquisition and HVSR Computation
- 4.3. Some Problems
- Chapter 5. Inversion and Joint Inversion
- 5.1. Introduction
- 5.2. Misfit, Inversion, and Modeling: Concepts and Misconcepts
- 5.3. Local Minima and Nonuniqueness of the Solution
- 5.4. Joint Analysis
- Chapter 6. Full Velocity Spectrum Inversion and Other Unconventional Approaches
- 6.1. Introduction
- 6.2. Full Waveform and Full Velocity Spectrum Inversions
- Chapter 7. Some Final Notes
- 7.1. The Adopted Perspective
- 7.2. A Brief Miscellanea on Modes and Shear-Wave Velocities
- 7.3. Survey Planning and Result Evaluation
- 7.4. Summarizing Few Final Recommendations
- Appendix—A Collection of Commented Case Studies
- Case Study 1. A Simple ZVF Analysis for Geotechnical Purposes
- Case Study 2. A Simple (but Educational) Case Study
- Case Study 3. Inverse Dispersion by the Book
- Case Study 4. When the Joint Analysis of Love and Rayleigh Waves Is Necessary
- Case Study 5. Joint Analysis of Rayleigh-Wave Dispersion and P-Wave Refraction
- Case Study 6. A Comprehensive Survey in the Swiss Alps
- Case Study 7. Joint Analysis of Rayleigh and Love Waves via Full Velocity Spectrum Analysis
- Case Study 8. A Civil Engineering Job
- Case Study 9. A Landslide Area
- Case Study 10. Back to the Swiss Alps
- Case Study 11. Modes and Components (A Very Tricky Site)
- Case Study 12. Analyzing Phase and Group Velocities Jointly with Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio
- Case Study 13. Some Focus on Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral Ratio Computation
- Case Study 14. Surface Waves on the Moon
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier 2015
- 7th November 2014
- Hardcover ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
Giancarlo dal Moro, PhD is a Senior Geophysicist and software developer for Eliosoft in Italy, a software development firm for the geosciences. Dr. dal Moro received his doctorate in geophysics from the University of Trieste. He specializes in
Geophysical methods for site characterization (academic research and field practice): joint inversion of geophysical/seismic data, surface wave analysis (dispersion and attenuation), site effect assessment, software implementation, remote sensing, and seismic-data processing. Giancarlo is a contributing author and reviewer for several journals in the field of Geophysics including the Journal of Applied Geophysics, Journal of Geophysics and Engineering, and the Journal of Remote Sensing.
Senior Geophysicist and software developer,Eliosoft, Italy.
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