Aimed at engineers and materials scientists in a wide range of sectors, this book is a unique source of surface preparation principles and techniques for plastics, thermosets, elastomers, ceramics and metals bonding. With emphasis on the practical, it draws together the technical principles of surface science and surface treatments technologies to enable practitioners to improve existing surface preparation processes to improve adhesion and, as a result, enhance product life.

This book describes and illustrates the surface preparations and operations that must be applied to a surface before acceptable adhesive bonding is achieved. It is meant to be an exhaustive overview, including more detailed explanation where necessary, in a continuous and logical progression.

The book provides a necessary grounding in the science and practice of adhesion, without which adequate surface preparation is impossible. Surface characterization techniques are included, as is an up-to-date assessment of existing surface treatment technologies such as Atmospheric Plasma, Degreasing, Grit blasting, laser ablation and more. Fundamental material considerations are prioritised over specific applications, making this book relevant to all industries using adhesives, such as medical, automotive, aerospace, packaging and electronics.

This second edition represents a full and detailed update, with all major developments in the field included and three chapters added to cover ceramic surface treatment, plasma treatment of non-metallic materials, and the effect of additives on surface properties of plastics.

Key Features

  • A vital resource for improving existing surface treatment processes to increase product life by creating stronger, more durable adhesive bonds
  • Relevant across a variety of industries, including medical, automotive and packaging
  • Provides essential grounding in the science of surface adhesion, and details how this links with the practice of surface treatment


Materials scientists, mechanical engineers, plastics engineers, engineers and scientists involved in surface treatment and adhesion, adhesives industry, sectors involved in innovative uses of adhesives – e.g. medical devices, automotive, aerospace, electronics. Materials engineers in paint and coating fields.

Table of Contents


Preface to First Edition


Part I: Background and Theory

Chapter 1. Introduction to Surface Preparation

1.1 Definition of Surface Preparation, Adhesives, and Adhesive Bonding

1.2 Introduction to Surface Treatment


Chapter 2. Surface Tension and Its Measurement

2.1 Introduction

2.2 What is an Interface?

2.3 Surface Tension

2.4 Surface Free Energy

2.5 Contact Angle (Young’s Equation)

2.6 Laplace’s Equation

2.7 Effect of Temperature on Surface Tension

2.8 Surface Tension Measurement


Chapter 3. Surface Energy of Solids and Its Measurement

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Determining the Surface Energy of Solids

3.3 Equation of State

3.4 Surface Tension Components

3.5 Polymer Melt Method

3.6 Critical Surface Tension

3.7 Other Methods for Estimation of Surface Tension of Molten Polymer

3.8 Shuttleworth’s Equation


Chapter 4. Surface and Material Characterization Techniques

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Surface Analysis Techniques

4.3 Optical (Light) Microscopy

4.4 Infrared Spectroscopy

4.5 Raman Spectroscopy

4.6 Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)

4.7 Rutherford Backscattering Theory (RBS)

4.8 Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS)

4.9 Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)

4.10 Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA)

4.11 Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES)

4.12 Ion Scattering Spectroscopy (ISS)

4.13 Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS)

4.14 Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (ToF-SIMS)

4.15 Mass Spectroscopy or Spectrometry (MS)

4.16 Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)

4.17 Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS)

4.18 Gas Chromatography


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© 2014
William Andrew
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