Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781782420781, 9781782420835

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

1st Edition

Modification and Coating Techniques

Editors: T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan Il-Song Park Min-Ho Lee
eBook ISBN: 9781782420835
Hardcover ISBN: 9781782420781
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 1st February 2015
Page Count: 460
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Table of Contents

  • Related titles
  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials
  • Part One. Chemical and physical modifications of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications
    • 1. Fluoride conversion coatings for magnesium and its alloys for the biological environment
      • 1.1. Introduction
      • 1.2. Coating formation: Mechanism and characteristics
      • 1.3. Corrosion protection properties
      • 1.4. Conclusions and future trends
    • 2. Phosphate treatment of magnesium alloy implants for biomedical applications
      • 2.1. Introduction
      • 2.2. Degradation of magnesium and magnesium alloys
      • 2.3. Basic requirement of surface modification
      • 2.4. Basic phosphating process
      • 2.5. The formation process of phosphate coating and microstructure evaluation
      • 2.6. Anticorrosion resistance
      • 2.7. In vitro biocompatibility
      • 2.8. In vivo investigation
      • 2.9. Future trends
    • 3. Chemical solution deposition of hydroxyapatite and octacalcium phosphate coatings for magnesium and its alloys to improve biocompatibility
      • 3.1. Introduction
      • 3.2. Hydroxyapatite and octacalcium phosphate coatings formed by a chemical solution deposition technique
      • 3.3. Morphology, crystal structure and composition of HAp and OCP coatings
      • 3.4. Long-term corrosion behaviour of OCP- and HAp-coated Mg alloy in a cell culture medium
      • 3.5. Short-term cell culture test on HAp-coated Mg alloy
      • 3.6. Adhesiveness of the HAp coating under tensile load
      • 3.7. Fatigue behaviour of HAp-coated Mg alloy
      • 3.8. Summary and future perspectives
    • 4. Physical vapour deposition on Mg alloys for biomedical applications
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. The physical vapour deposition process and its limitations
      • 4.3. Physical vapour deposition at low temperatures to suit magnesium alloys
      • 4.4. Film structure
      • 4.5. Controlling material degradation through intelligent design of PVD coating
  • Part Two. Mechanical and electrochemical modifications of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications
    • 5. Cryogenic machining and burnishing of magnesium alloys to improve in vivo corrosion resistance
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. Literature concerning surface integrity and corrosion resistance of Mg alloys
      • 5.3. Surface integrity in the cryogenic machining and burnishing of AZ31 Mg alloy
      • 5.4. Corrosion performance of machined and burnished samples
      • 5.5. Finite element modeling of grain size changes in cryogenic machining
      • 5.6. Summary and future trends
    • 6. Anodic electrodeposition of MgO coatings to improve corrosion resistance in vivo
      • 6.1. Introduction
      • 6.2. Preparation and characterization of MgO coating on Mg alloy
      • 6.3. Conclusion
    • 7. Surface modification of magnesium and its biodegradable alloys by calcium orthophosphate coatings to improve corrosion resistance and biocompatibility
      • 7.1. Introduction
      • 7.2. Brief description of two major constituents
      • 7.3. Brief discussion of the important predeposition and postdeposition procedures
      • 7.4. Deposition techniques
      • 7.5. Conclusions
    • 8. Plasma electrolytic oxidation/micro-arc oxidation of magnesium and its alloys
      • 8.1. Introduction
      • 8.2. Principles of PEO processing
      • 8.3. Coating requirements for biomedical applications
      • 8.4. Controlling coating composition, microstructure and properties for biomedical applications
      • 8.5. Duplex treatments
      • 8.6. Performance of PEO coatings in biomedical applications
      • 8.7. Applications
      • 8.8. Summary and conclusions
    • 9. Strategies to improve the corrosion resistance of microarc oxidation coatings on magnesium and its alloys: Implications for biomedical applications
      • 9.1. Introduction
      • 9.2. Surface modification of Mg and its alloys by microarc oxidation (MAO)
      • 9.3. Strategies to improve the corrosion resistance of MAO-coated Mg and its alloys
      • 9.4. Summary and concluding remarks
  • Part Three. Biomimetic modifications, surface functionalization of biomolecules, natural, conducting and biodegradable polymeric coatings
    • 10. Biomimetic surface modifications of magnesium and magnesium alloys for biomedical applications
      • 10.1. Introduction
      • 10.2. Modification of biodegradable magnesium alloy implant surfaces
      • 10.3. Biomimetic superhydrophobic coatings on magnesium and its alloys
      • 10.4. Conclusions
    • 11. Surface modification by natural biopolymer coatings on magnesium alloys for biomedical applications
      • 11.1. Introduction
      • 11.2. Phytic acid modification
      • 11.3. Chitosan modification
      • 11.4. Stearic acid modification
      • 11.5. Gelatin modification
      • 11.6. Bovine serum albumin modification
      • 11.7. Future perspectives
    • 12. Surface modification of magnesium by functional polymer coatings for neural applications
      • 12.1. Introduction
      • 12.2. Current neural prosthetic devices and their material requirements
      • 12.3. Current state and desired material properties for nerve regenerative devices
      • 12.4. Magnesium for neural applications
      • 12.5. Functional improvements to magnesium
      • 12.6. Polymer coating
      • 12.7. Coating methods
      • 12.8. Evaluation of coating
    • 13. Biodegradable polymeric coatings for surface modification of magnesium-based biomaterials
      • 13.1. Introduction
      • 13.2. Biodegradable polymers
      • 13.3. Polymer degradation mechanisms
      • 13.4. Polymer biocompatibility
      • 13.5. Polymer coating performance
      • 13.6. Hybrid coatings
      • 13.7. Conclusions
  • Part Four. Other methods of surface modification of magnesium and its alloys
    • 14. Cold-spray coatings on magnesium and its alloys
      • 14.1. Introduction
      • 14.2. Current challenges of magnesium applications
      • 14.3. Applications of cold-spray coatings on magnesium alloys
      • 14.4. Bonding mechanism of cold-sprayed coatings on magnesium and its alloys
      • 14.5. Future work and potential industrial application of cold-spray coatings on magnesium alloys
    • 15. Biocompatible strontium-phosphate and manganese-phosphate conversion coatings for magnesium and its alloys
      • 15.1. Introduction
      • 15.2. Development of SrPO4 coatings
      • 15.3. Development of MnPO4 coatings
      • 15.4. Applications and future development
      • 15.5. General discussion
      • 15.6. Summary
  • Index

Description

The development of biodegradable implants which can remain in the human body to fix a problem and subsequently dissolve, or be absorbed, consumed or excreted, without warranting a secondary surgery, is very appealing to scientists. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium implants provide a viable option many problems associated with permanent metallic implants such as, restenosis, thrombosis, permanent physical irritation, and inability to adapt to growth and changes in human body. Volume 2 of this important new book explores practical issues of magnesium and magnesium alloys, physical and mechanical modification and coatings to enhance this material for biomedical applications.

Key Features

  • Includes expert analysis on chemical solution deposition of hydroxyapatite (HAp) and octacalcium (OCP) phosphate coatings for magnesium
  • Comprehensive coverage of biomimetic modifications, surface functionalization of biomolecules, natural, conducting and biodegradable polymeric coatings
  • Lucid dissection of chemical, physical, mechanical and electromechanical modifications of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications

Readership

Materials/metals scientists and R&D companies concerned with metallic medical implants in fields such as dentistry, orthopaedics and cardiology.


Details

No. of pages:
460
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9781782420835
Hardcover ISBN:
9781782420781

About the Editors

T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan Editor

T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan works for the Chonbuk National University, Republic of Korea and is associated with the Department of Dental Biomaterials and Institute of Biodegradable Materials, Institute of Oral Bioscience and BK21 Plus Project, School of Dentistry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chonbuk National University, Republic of Korea

Il-Song Park Editor

Il Song Park works for the Chonbuk National University, Republic of Korea and is affiliated to the Division of Advanced Materials Engineering and Institute of Biodegradable Materials.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chonbuk National University, Repulbic of Korea

Min-Ho Lee Editor

Min Ho Lee works for the Chonbuk National University, Republic of Korea and is associated with the Department of Dental Biomaterials and Institute of Biodegradable Materials, Institute of Oral Bioscience and BK21 Plus Project, School of Dentistry.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chonbuk National University, Republic of Korea