Surface-Active Quaternary Ammonium Germicides

Surface-Active Quaternary Ammonium Germicides

1st Edition - January 1, 1950

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  • Author: Carl A. Lawrence
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267685

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Description

Surface-Active Quaternary Ammonium Germicides accumulates in the pages of one volume a review of the history, chemistry, biology, and application of the quaternary ammonium salts that have appeared in print to date. The quaternary ammonium surface-active antiseptics have secured a prominent and important place in the fields of medicinal and general disinfection during the past decade. These compounds are of particular interest in that, unlike most other disinfectants, they exhibit not only germicidal action but also surface-active, detergent, and wetting properties.

Table of Contents


  • 1. Introduction

    2. Historical

    3. Definition

    4. Chemistry

    Synthesis

    Ionization

    Action on Metals

    Compatibilities and Incompatibilities

    Interfering Action of Tap Waters

    Chemical Assays

    5. Physical Properties

    Surface Tension

    Detergent Action

    Stability

    6. Biology

    Phenol Coefficient

    Use Dilution

    Bactericidal Tests

    Influence of pH on Antibacterial Efficiency

    Germicidal Action in Organic Matter

    Agar-Plate Tests

    Infection-Protection Tests

    Sanitizing Tests

    Action against Mycobacteria

    Sporicidal Properties

    Fungicidal Properties

    Protozoacidal Tests

    Invertebrate Tests

    Virucidal Tests

    Mode of Action

    Inactivation of Quaternaries

    7. Pharmacology and Toxicology

    8. Practical Application—Surgical

    Preoperative Germicide

    Sterilization of Instruments

    Wound Irrigation

    Urology

    Obstetrics and Gynecology

    Ophthalmology

    Otology

    Oralogy

    Dermatology

    Germicidal Aerosols

    9. Practical Application—General Disinfection

    Eating and Drinking Establishments

    Dairy Industry

    Food Processing Plants

    Drinking Water

    Quaternary

    Oil Emulsions

    10. Miscellaneous

    Textile Industry

    Laundry Industry

    Paper Industry

    Mining Industry

    Preservation of Plants and Organic Matter

    Soap-like Preparations

    Poultry Industry

    Fish Hatcheries

    11. Surface-Active Agents and Germicides

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 258
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1950
  • Published: January 1, 1950
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267685

About the Author

Carl A. Lawrence

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