Superionic Solids And Solid Electrolytes Recent Trends

Superionic Solids And Solid Electrolytes Recent Trends

1st Edition - August 28, 1989

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  • Editor: Amulya Laskar
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142939

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Description

Superionic Solids and Solid Electrolytes: Recent Trends describes the fundamental aspects, unique properties, and potential applications of superionic solids and solid electrolytes. These materials significantly contribute to the development of the solid state ionics technology. This book is divided into 17 chapters, and begins with an overview of various materials, such as glasses, heterogeneous or dispersed phase conductors, proton conductors, Nasicon, and fluorites. These topics are followed by a discussion on the problems related with entropy effects, subsurface space charge, and defect formation parameters. Significant chapters deal with the phenomenological, fractal, molecular dynamics, fluctuations, and correlations in superionic solid and solid electrolyte materials. A chapter tackles the solid state battery applications of solid electrolytes. This text ends with a chapter on the prediction of the potentials of activity in superionics. This book will be of value to graduate students and researchers who are interested in the solid state ionics technology.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Recent Trends in High Conductivity Solid Electrolytes and Their Applications: An Overview

    I. Introduction

    II. Recent Trends in Solid Electrolyte Materials

    III. Applications of Solid Ionic Conductors

    IV. Conclusion

    References

    Fast Ion Transport in Glasses

    I. Introduction

    II. Theory

    III. Glasses Exhibiting Fast Ion Conduction

    IV. Discussion and Summary

    V. Acknowledgment

    References

    Fast Ion Conducting Polymers

    I. Introduction

    II. Mass Transport in Elastomers on the Molecular Scale

    III. Ion Transport in Polymers

    IV. The Choice of Polymer Electrolytes for Specific Applications

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Heterogeneous Solid Electrolytes

    I. Introduction

    II. The System Ionic Conductor/Insulator (MX/A)

    III. The Contact of Two Ionic Conductors (ΜΧ/ΜΧ')

    IV. Grain Boundaries (MX/MX)

    V. Thin Films and Microcrystals

    VI. Outlook

    References

    Proton Conductors

    I. Introduction

    II. Materials

    III. Experimental Techniques for Studying Proton Conductors

    IV. Mechanism of Proton Transport

    V. Applications

    References

    Nasicon Material

    I. Introduction

    II. Preparation

    III. Crystalline Nasicon

    IV. Amorphous Nasicon

    V. Nasicon Solid Electrolyte

    References

    Defect Properties and Their Transport in Silver Halides and Composites

    I. Introduction

    II. Defect Structure and Simple Theory

    III. Ionic Transport Equations

    IV. Design of Experiments and Techniques

    V. Results and Discussion

    VI. Enhanced Ionic Transport in AgX-Oxide Composites

    VII. Conclusion

    VIII. Acknowledgment

    References

    Superionic Fluorites

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Defect Structure and Transport Mechanism

    III. Stoichiometric Systems

    IV. Anion Deficient System

    V. Anion Excess Fluorites

    VI. Mixed Metal Fluorites

    VII. Anti-Fluorite Structured Compounds

    Summary and Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    The Conductivity Pre-Exponential of Solid Electrolytes

    I. Introduction

    II. Theory of Low-Defect Ionic Crystals

    III. Extension to Disordered Systems

    IV. Question of the M-N Rule

    V. Survey of Data

    VI. Summary

    Appendix

    Acknowledgments

    References

    The Sub-Surface Space Charge and Defect Formation Parameters

    I. Introduction

    II. Phenomena Associated with the Surface Charge

    III. The Equilibrium Distribution

    IV. Experimental Results on Silver Halide Crystals

    V. Point Defect Formation Enthalpies and Entropies

    References

    Phenomenological Theory for Superionic Transport

    I. Introduction

    II. Lattice Gas Model for Superionic Conductors

    III. Formalism of the Path Probability Method

    IV. The Application of the Path Probability Method to Problems of Ionic Transport

    V. Percolation Efficiency in Binary Systems

    References

    Fractal Physics and Superionic Conductors

    I. Fractal Physics and Superionic Conductors; What Are Fractals and What Is Their Interest?

    II. Fractal Electrodes

    III. How Aggregation or Diffusion Could Build Fractal Interfaces

    IV. Fractal Related Transport in Superionic Conductors

    References

    Fluctuations, Structure Factors and Correlations: Ionic Transport in Framework Electrolytes

    I. Introduction

    II. Lattice Gas Models

    III. Continuous Models: Liquid-like Models

    IV. Remarks

    Acknowledgments

    References

    New Forms of Molecular Dynamics and Superionic Conductors

    I. Introduction

    II. Forms of Molecular Dynamics

    III. Phase Transformations of AGI

    References

    Fast Ion Dynamics Studied by Neutron Scattering and High Frequency Conductivity

    I. Introduction

    II. Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Dynamic Conductivity

    III. A Clear-Cut Example of Jump Diffusion: SrC12

    IV. Non-Periodic Local Motion: ß-Ag3SI

    V. Non-Hopping Translational Motion: α-Ag2Se

    VI. Observation of Trial-and-Error Hops: RbAg4I5

    VII. The Case of α-AgI: Preference for Backward Hops

    VIII. More Examples and the "Universal Dielectric Response"

    IX. A Simple Jump-Relaxation Model

    X. Predictions from the Model and Comparison to Experiment

    References

    Solid State Battery

    I. Evolution of the Solid State Battery

    II. Design Characteristics

    III. Silver System

    IV. Copper Systems

    V. Lithium Systems

    VI. Polymer Electrolyte Lithium Batteries

    VII. Other Novel Systems

    VIII. Applications and Future Prospects

    References

    The Future of Superionics

    I. How Far Can We Predict The Future of Advanced Fast Ionic Conductors?

    II. What Are the Prospects of Fast Ionic Conductors in Future Applications?

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 730
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1989
  • Published: August 28, 1989
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142939

About the Editor

Amulya Laskar

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