This book provides an overview of the research activities in the field of Supercritical Fluids in Germany. It is based on the research program "Supercritical fluids as solvents and reaction media" on the initiative of the "GVC-Fachausschuß Hochdruckverfahrenstechnik" (i.e. the German working party on High Pressure Chemical Engineering of the Society of Chemical Engineers).
This research program provided an immensely valuable platform for exchange of knowledge and experience. More than 50 young researchers were involved contributing with their expertise, their new ideas, and the motivation of youth. The results of this innovative research are described in this book.
1.1. Determination of phase equilibria and comprehensive examination of the predictive capabilities of group contribution equations of state with a view to the synthesis of supercritical extraction processes (H. Gardeler, J. Gmehling).
1.2. Influence of additional components on the solvent power of supercritical ethylene (H. D&öuml;orr et al.).
1.3. High Pressure Phase Equilibria of Copolymer Solutions – Experiments and Correlation (C. Beyer, L.R. Oellrich).
1.4. Fluid phase equilibria of binary mixtures with supercritical solvents with in-situ concentration measurements by Raman spectroscopy (A. Stratmann, G. Schweiger).
1.5. High-pressure solubility measurement of solids in near- and supercritical fluids (D. Tuma et al.).
1.6. Phase behaviour of organic solid solutes and supercritical fluids with respect to particle formation processes (M. T&üuml;rk et al.).
1.7. Supercritical carbon dioxide as solvent for organic compounds present in aqueous salt solutions (G. Sieder, G. Maurer).
1.8. Correlation and prediction of high-pressure phase equilibria and related thermodynamic properties of simple fluid mixtures (U.K. Deiters).
1.9. Development of simplified equation of state for molecular fluids and their applications for the investigation of supercritical chain molecule solutions and mixtures (L.V. Yelash, T. Kraska).
1.10. Correlation of the solubility of low-volatile organic compounds in near- and supercritical fluids based on an accurate equation of state (Th. Kraska et al.).
1.11. Thermo- and fluiddynamic aspects of the hydrogenation of triglycerides and esters in presence of supercritical fluids (E. Weidner et al.).
1.12. Perturbed-Chain-SAFT: development