Part I: Cognitive Appraisal Theory
What Makes Difficult Clients Difficult.
Motivation and Attachment.
Basic CAT Concepts: Persontypic Affect, Justifying Cognitions, and Security-seeking Behaviors.
Patterns of Personality.
The Difficult Client Revisited.
Part II: Cognitive Appraisal Therapy
The CAT Assessment.
Interventions Based on the CAT Model.
Additional Interventions Involving Cognition, Behavior, Adjunctive Medication, and Therapeutic Impasses.
The Process of CAT (Case Studies).
Part III: Applications of CAT
CAT with Personality-disordered Clients.
Working with Borderline Personality-disordered Clients.
CAT Group Therapy.
Working with "Difficult" Parents.