Subsea Pipeline Design, Analysis, and Installation

Subsea Pipeline Design, Analysis, and Installation

1st Edition - February 18, 2014

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  • Authors: Qiang Bai, Yong Bai
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123868893
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123868886

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As deepwater wells are drilled to greater depths, pipeline engineers and designers are confronted with new problems such as water depth, weather conditions, ocean currents, equipment reliability, and well accessibility. Subsea Pipeline Design, Analysis and Installation is based on the authors' 30 years of experience in offshore. The authors provide rigorous coverage of the entire spectrum of subjects in the discipline, from pipe installation and routing selection and planning to design, construction, and installation of pipelines in some of the harshest underwater environments around the world. All-inclusive, this must-have handbook covers the latest breakthroughs in subjects such as corrosion prevention, pipeline inspection, and welding, while offering an easy-to-understand guide to new design codes currently followed in the United States, United Kingdom, Norway, and other countries.

Key Features

  • Gain expert coverage of international design codes
  • Understand how to design pipelines and risers for today's deepwater oil and gas
  • Master critical equipment such as subsea control systems and pressure piping


Piping Engineers, Designers, Civil Engineers, Mechanical Engineers, Petroleum Engineers and Chemical Engineers, Project Production Engineer, and Project Reservoir Engineer

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    Part I Mechanical Design

    1. Introduction

    1. Introduction

    2. Design Stages and Process

    3. Design through Analysis

    4. Pipeline Design Analysis

    5. Finite Element Analysis

    2. Wall Thickness and Material Grade Selection

    1. Introduction

    2. Material Grade Selection

    3. Pressure Containment Design

    4. Equivalent Stress Criterion

    5. Hydrostatic Collapse

    6. Buckle Arrestors

    3. Buckling and Collapse of Metallic Pipes

    1. Introduction

    2. Analytical Solution of Limit Moment

    3. Finite Element Analysis

    4. Guidelines for Bending Strength Calculations

    4. Limit-State Based Strength Design

    1. Introduction

    2. Stress Based Design and Strain Based Design

    3. Ultimate Limit State

    4. Serviceability Limit State

    5. Fatigue Limit State

    6. Accidental Limit State

    Part II Pipeline Design

    5. Hydraulic and Thermal Analysis of Subsea Pipelines

    1. Introduction

    2. Crude Oil Transportation Pipelines

    3. Gas Transmission Pipelines

    4. Hydraulic Analysis of Oil-Gas Production Pipelines

    5. Water Transportation Pipelines

    6. Commercial Software for Design and Analysis

    6. Soil and Pipe Interaction

    1. Introduction

    2. Pipe Penetration in Cohesive Soil

    3. Pipe Penetration in Noncohesive Soils

    4. Axial Load–Displacement Response of Pipelines

    5. Lateral Load–Displacement Response of Pipelines

    7. Hydrodynamics around Pipes

    1. Introduction

    2. Wave Theory

    3. Steady Currents

    4. Hydrodynamic Forces

    8. Finite Element Analysis of In Situ Behavior

    1. Introduction

    2. Finite Element Modeling of the Pipeline System

    3. Procedure and Load Steps in Finite Element Analysis

    4. Element Types Used in the Model

    5. Nonlinearity and the Seabed Model

    6. Validation of the Finite Element Model

    7. Dynamic Buckling Analysis

    8. Cyclic In-Place Behavior During Shutdown Operations

    9. Thermal Expansion Design

    1. Introduction

    2. Pipeline Strains

    3. Pipeline Stresses

    4. Effective Axial Force of the Pipeline

    5. Expansion of a Single-Pipe Pipeline

    6. Expansion of the Pipe-in-Pipe System

    7. Examples of Expansion Analysis

    10. Lateral Buckling and Pipeline Walking

    1. Introduction

    2. Buckle Initiation

    3. Mitigation of Lateral Buckling

    4. Pipeline Walking

    11. Upheaval Buckling

    1. Introduction

    2. Analytical Solution of Upheaval Buckling

    3. Finite Element Analysis of Upheaval Buckling

    4. Stabilization Against Upheaval Buckling

    5. Design Against Upheaval Buckling

    12. Fatigue and Fracture

    1. Introduction

    2. Fatigue S-N Approach

    3. Fracture

    4. Recognized Industry Codes of ECA

    13. On-Bottom Stability

    1. Introduction

    2. Vertical On–Bottom Stability

    3. Lateral On-Bottom Stability

    4. Pipe-Soil Interaction

    5. Stabilization Measures

    6. Acceptance Criteria

    7. Stability Analysis

    14. Pipeline Spans and VIV Fatigue

    1. Introduction

    2. Static Analysis

    3. Dynamic Analysis

    4. VIV Mitigation and Span Correction

    5. Example Case

    15. Force Model and Wave Fatigue

    1. Introduction

    2. Fatigue Analysis

    3. Force Model

    4. Comparison of Frequency Domain and Time Domain Approaches

    5. Summary

    16. Trawl Impact, Pullover, and Drop Objects

    1. Introduction

    2. Trawl Gears

    3. Acceptance Criteria

    4. Impact Response Analysis

    5. Pullover Loads

    6. FE Model for Pullover Response Analyses

    7. Case Study

    17. Pipe-in-Pipe and Bundle Systems

    1. Introduction

    2. PIP Systems

    3. Bundle Systems

    18. Seismic Design

    1. Introduction

    2. Seismic Hazards

    3. Pipeline Seismic Design Guidelines

    4. Seismic Design Methodology

    5. Analysis Example

    6. Mitigation Methods

    19. Corrosion Prevention and Advanced CP Design

    1. Introduction

    2. Fundamentals of Cathodic Protection

    3. Pipeline Coatings

    4. CP Design Parameters

    5. Galvanic Anodes System Design

    6. Internal Corrosion Inhibitors

    20. Arctic Pipelines

    1. Introduction

    2. Arctic Pipeline Considerations

    3. Arctic Pipeline Design Approach

    4. Geothermal Analysis

    5. Ice Scour Analysis

    6. Installation Techniques

    21. Subsea Survey and Positioning

    1. Introduction

    2. Subsea Survey

    3. Subsea Metrology and Positioning

    4. Subsea Soil Investigation

    22. Route Optimization, Shore Approach, Tie-In, and Protection

    1. Introduction

    2. Pipeline Routing

    3. Shore Approach

    4. Pipeline Tie-Ins

    5. Pipeline Trenching and Burying

    6. Pipeline Rock Dumping

    23. Åsgard Flowlines Design Examples

    1. Introduction

    2. Wall Thickness and Line Pipe Material Selection

    3. Limit State Strength Criteria

    4. Installation and On-Bottom Stability

    5. Design for Global Buckling, Fishing Gear Loads, and VIV

    Part III Flexible and RTP Pipelines

    24. Flexible Pipe

    1. Introduction

    2. Applications of Flexible Pipe

    3. Flexible Pipe System and Components

    25. Cross-Sectional and Dynamic Analyses of Flexible Pipes

    1. Introduction

    2. Flexible Pipe Guidelines

    3. Material and Mechanical of Properties Flexible Pipes

    4. Analytical Formulations in Flexible Pipe Design

    5. FE Analysis of Unbonded Flexible Pipe

    26. Tensile and Compressive Strengths of RTP Pipeline

    1. Introduction

    2. Code Requirements

    3. RTP Pipe Under Tension

    4. RTP Pipe Under Compression

    27. Burst Strength of RTP Pipeline

    1. Introduction

    2. Experimental Analysis

    3. Analytical Analysis

    4. Finite Element Analysis

    5. Results and Comparison

    28. Collapse of RTP Pipelines

    1. Introduction

    2. Analytical Analysis of RTP Collapse

    3. FE Analysis of RTP Collapse

    4. Analysis Example of RTP Collapse

    5. Sensitivity Analysis

    29. Offshore Installation of RTP

    1. Introduction

    2. Code Requirements

    3. Analytical Analysis of RTP Installation

    4. FE Analysis of RTP Installation

    5. Parametric Studies

    6. Summary

    30. On-Bottom Stability of RTP

    1. Introduction

    2. Stabilizing Methods

    3. On-Bottom Stability Analysis of RTP

    Part IV Welding, Installation, and Precommissioning

    31. Use of High-Strength Pipeline Steels

    1. Introduction

    2. Usage of High-Strength Steel Line Pipes

    3. Potential Benefits and Disadvantages of High-Strength Steel

    4. Welding of High-Strength Line Pipe

    5. Cathodic Protection

    6. Fatigue and Fracture of High-Strength Steel

    7. Material Property Requirements

    32. Welding and Defect Acceptance

    1. Introduction

    2. Weld Repair Analysis

    3. Allowable Excavation Length Assessment

    4. Conclusions

    33. Installation Design

    1. Introduction

    2. Pipeline Installation Vessels

    3. Pipe Laying Methods

    4. Installation Software and Code Requirements

    5. Physical Background for Installation

    6. Analytical Method for S-Lay Installation

    7. FEA of Pipeline Installation with an In-line Valve

    8. Two-Medium Pipeline Design Concept

    34. Pipeline Commissioning, Operations, and Maintenance

    1. Introduction

    2. Precommissioning Activities

    3. Commissioning

    4. Operations

    5. Maintenance


Product details

  • No. of pages: 824
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2014
  • Published: February 18, 2014
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123868893
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123868886

About the Authors

Qiang Bai

Dr. Qiang Bai obtained a doctorate for Mechanical Engineering at Kyushu University, Japan in 1995. He has more than 20 years of experience in subsea/offshore engineering including research and engineering execution. He has worked at Kyushu University in Japan, UCLA, OPE, JP Kenny, and Technip. His experience includes various aspects of flow assurance and the design and installation of subsea structures, pipelines and riser systems. Dr. Bai is the coauthor of Subsea Pipelines and Risers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Offshore Pipelines and Risers (OPR) Inc.

Yong Bai

Professor Yong Bai is the President of Offshore Pipelines and Risers, Inc. in Houston, and also the director of the Offshore Engineering Research Center at Zhejiang University. He has previously taught at Stavanger University in Norway and has also worked with ABS as manager of the Offshore Technology Department and DNV as the JIP project manager. Yong obtained a Ph.D. in Offshore Structures at Hiroshima University, Japan in 1989. Yong has authored more than 100 papers on the design and installation of subsea pipelines and risers and is the author of Marine Structural Design and Subsea Pipelines and Risers.

Affiliations and Expertise

President, Offshore Pipelines and Risers (OPR) Inc., Houston, TX, USA

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