Structure of Matter

Structure of Matter

With Contributions in Memoriam Including a Complete Bibliography of His Works

1st Edition - January 1, 1961

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  • Editor: C. Guy Suits
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224176

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The Collected Works of Irving Langmuir: Volume 6, Structure of Matter deals with the research work of Irving Langmuir in the field of thermionics, gaseous discharge, and on the structure of atoms with emphasis on valence. Some of the paper he writes on the subject of atomic structure are: "The Structure of Atoms and the Octet Theory of Valence," "The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules," and "The Octet Theory of Valence and its Applications with Special Reference to Organic Nitrogen Compounds." He challenges the complexities of valence theory and atomic structure, leading to a complete change of the theoretical structure of the subject of chemistry. Langmuir also works on molecules and crystalline structures, and applies the structures of crystals to check and confirm his own theories on molecular structure. His assumption that "the force between molecules in contact can be considered as caused by a surface energy proportional to the area over which the molecules are in contact" provides a solid foundation for explaining the properties of many chemical substances. Chemists, students, academicians, scientists, and general readers interested in the lives of great men in science will find this book very informative.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    Part 1. Atomic Structure

    Introduction to Volume 6

    The Structure of Atoms and the Octet Theory of Valence

    The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules

    The Octet Theory of Valence and its Applications with Special Reference to Organic Nitrogen Compounds

    The Structure of Atoms and its Bearing on Chemical Valence

    The Charge on the Electron and the Value of Planck’s Constant h

    Theories of Atomic Structure

    The Structure of the Helium Atom

    The Structure of the Helium Atom

    The Structure of the Static Atom

    Types of Valence

    Part 2. Molecules and Crystalline Structure

    Isomorphism, Isosterism, and Covalence

    The Structures of the Hydrogen Molecule and the Hydrogen Ion

    The Diffusion Coefficient in Solids and its Temperature Coefficient

    The Distribution and Orientation of Molecules

    The Effects of Molecular Dissymmetry on Some Properties of Matter

    Forces Near the Surfaces of Molecules

    The Crystal Structures of the Ammonium Halides Above and Below the Transition Temperatures

    Vector Maps and Crystal Analysis

    The Role of Attractive and Repulsive Forces in the Formation of Tactoids, Thixotropic Gels, Protein Crystals, and Coacervates

    Regions of Reversed Magnetization in Strained Wires

    Appendix I

    Appendix II

Product details

  • No. of pages: 332
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1961
  • Published: January 1, 1961
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224176

About the Editor

C. Guy Suits

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