Structural Geology

Structural Geology

The Mechanics of Deforming Metamorphic Rocks

1st Edition - November 21, 2014

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  • Authors: Bruce Hobbs, Alison Ord
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124079335
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124078208

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Description

Structural Geology is a groundbreaking reference that introduces you to the concepts of nonlinear solid mechanics and non-equilibrium thermodynamics in metamorphic geology, offering a fresh perspective on rock structure and its potential for new interpretations of geological evolution. This book stands alone in unifying deformation and metamorphism and the development of the mineralogical fabrics and the structures that we see in the field. This reflects the thermodynamics of systems not at equilibrium within the framework of modern nonlinear solid mechanics. The thermodynamic approach enables the various mechanical, thermal, hydrological and chemical processes to be rigorously coupled through the second law of thermodynamics, invariably leading to nonlinear behavior. The book also differs from others in emphasizing the implications of this nonlinear behavior with respect to the development of the diverse, complex, even fractal, range of structures in deformed metamorphic rocks. Building on the fundamentals of structural geology by discussing the nonlinear processes that operate during the deformation and metamorphism of rocks in the Earth's crust, the book's concepts help geoscientists and graduate-level students understand how these processes control or influence the structures and metamorphic fabrics—providing applications in hydrocarbon exploration, ore mineral exploration, and architectural engineering.

Key Features

  • Authored by two of the world's foremost experts in structural geology, representing more than 70 years of experience in research and instruction
  • Nearly 300 figures, illustrations, working examples, and photographs reinforce key concepts and underscore major advances in structural geology

Readership

Primary audience includes geologists, economic and petroleum geologists, mineralogists and exploration geoscientists globally conducting research in hydrocarbon exploration and structural geology.

Secondary audience includes upper undergraduate and graduate students in the geosciences taking courses in structural geology, mineralogy, and hydrocarbon exploration.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Acknowledgements

    1. Introduction

    Part I: THE MECHANICS OF DEFORMING SOLIDS: OVERVIEW OF SECTION A

    2. Geometry: The Concept of Deformation

    3. Kinematics e Deformation Histories

    4. The Balance Laws: Forces Involved in Deformation

    5. Energy Flow e Thermodynamics

    6. Constitutive Relations

    7. Nonlinear Dynamics

    Part II PROCESSES INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURES: OVERVIEW OF SECTION B

    8. Brittle Flow

    9. Visco-Plastic Flow

    10. Damage Evolution

    11. Transport of Heat

    12. Fluid Flow

    13. Microstructural Rearrangements

    14. Mineral Reactions: Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium Aspects

    15. Models for Mineral Phase Nucleation and Growth

    Epilogue

    Appendix A: Commonly Used Symbols

    Appendix B: Vectors, Tensors and Matrices

    Appendix C: Some Useful Mathematical Concepts and Relations

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 680
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2014
  • Published: November 21, 2014
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124079335
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124078208

About the Authors

Bruce Hobbs

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Fellow, CSIRO.Adjunct Professor, The University of Western Australia, Australia

Alison Ord

Affiliations and Expertise

Structural geologist, CSIRO.Adjunct Professor, The University of Western Australia, Australia

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  • Keith M. Mon Mar 12 2018

    Structural Geology

    As a former geoscientist looking to upgrade my existing education, this book is an invaluable resource for learning how the state of the art has evolved since I first learned it, as well as providing a wealth of references for further investigations. If you want to learn the state of the art (or perhaps science), and learn about interconnections with related disciplines, this is the book for you. Keith Montgomery (M.Sc. Geology/Geochemistry, 1986)