- Print ISBN 9780124078208
- Electronic ISBN 9780124079335
Structural Geology is a groundbreaking reference that introduces you to the concepts of nonlinear solid mechanics and non-equilibrium thermodynamics in metamorphic geology, offering a fresh perspective on rock structure and its potential for new interpretations of geological evolution.
This book stands alone in unifying deformation and metamorphism and the development of the mineralogical fabrics and the structures that we see in the field. This reflects the thermodynamics of systems not at equilibrium within the framework of modern nonlinear solid mechanics. The thermodynamic approach enables the various mechanical, thermal, hydrological and chemical processes to be rigorously coupled through the second law of thermodynamics, invariably leading to nonlinear behavior. The book also differs from others in emphasizing the implications of this nonlinear behavior with respect to the development of the diverse, complex, even fractal, range of structures in deformed metamorphic rocks.
Building on the fundamentals of structural geology by discussing the nonlinear processes that operate during the deformation and metamorphism of rocks in the Earth's crust, the book's concepts help geoscientists and graduate-level students understand how these processes control or influence the structures and metamorphic fabrics—providing applications in hydrocarbon exploration, ore mineral exploration, and architectural engineering.
Primary audience includes geologists, economic and petroleum geologists, mineralogists and exploration geoscientists globally conducting research in hydrocarbon exploration and structural geology.
Secondary audience includes upper undergraduate and graduate students in the geosciences taking courses in structural geology, mineralogy, and hydrocarbon exploration.
Part I: THE MECHANICS OF DEFORMING SOLIDS: OVERVIEW OF SECTION A
2. Geometry: The Concept of Deformation
3. Kinematics e Deformation Histories
4. The Balance Laws: Forces Involved in Deformation
5. Energy Flow e Thermodynamics
6. Constitutive Relations
7. Nonlinear Dynamics
Part II PROCESSES INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURES: OVERVIEW OF SECTION B
8. Brittle Flow
9. Visco-Plastic Flow
10. Damage Evolution
11. Transport of Heat
12. Fluid Flow
13. Microstructural Rearrangements
14. Mineral Reactions: Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium Aspects
15. Models for Mineral Phase Nucleation and Growth
Appendix A: Commonly Used Symbols
Appendix B: Vectors, Tensors and Matrices
Appendix C: Some Useful Mathematical Concepts and Relations
"...develop the relevant mathematics to describe the forces acting on the rocks and apply them to deformation, fluid flow, thermal transport and mineral reactions…" --ATSE Focus
"A long overdue treatment of the subject, this book is highly recommended and anticipated to become established as a standard reference work." --The Geological Society