Structural Concrete - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780408011709, 9781483105987

Structural Concrete

1st Edition

Materials; Mix Design; Plain, Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete; Design Tables

Authors: C. B. Wilby
eBook ISBN: 9781483105987
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 20th May 1983
Page Count: 268
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Structural Concrete discusses the design and analysis of reinforced and prestressed concrete structural components and structures. Each of the eight chapters of the book tackles a specific area of concern in structural concrete. The text first deals with the serviceability and safety, and then proceeds to the properties of materials and mix designs. The next two chapters cover reinforced concrete beams and slabs. Chapter 5 discusses column and walls, while Chapter 6 tackles reinforced concrete frames and continuous beams and slabs. The next chapter discusses design structures, while the last chapter covers prestressed concrete. The text will be of great use to undergraduate students of civil and structural engineering. Professionals whose work involves concrete technology will also find the book useful.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Serviceability and Safety

1.1 Serviceability and Safety

1.2 Elastic Theory of Design

1.3 Load Factor Method of Design

1.4 CP 110 Philosophy of Design

1.4.1 Summary of CP 110 Philosophy of Design

1.4.2 Simplified Statement of CP 110 Philosophy of Design

Chapter 2 Properties of Materials and Mix Design

2.1 Cement

2.2 Aggregates

2.3 Concrete

2.3.1 Workability

2.3.2 Water-to-Cement Ratio and Strength of Concrete

2.3.3 Strength Tests of Concrete

2.3.4 Vacuum Concrete

2.3.5 Vibrated Concrete and Pressure Compaction

2.3.6 Gap Graded Concrete

2.3.7 No Fines Concrete

2.3.8 Curing of Concrete

2.3.9 Design of Concrete Mixes

2.3.10 Design of Concrete Mix of Given Mean (Or Average) Strength

2.3.11 Combining Aggregates to Obtain a Grading for the Mix Design Method

2.3.12 Design of Concrete Mixes (Further Methods)

2.3.13 D.O.E. Mix Design Method

2.3.14 Quantities of Materials Required to Make 1 M3 of Concrete

2.3.15 Prescribed Mixes

2.3.16 Shrinkage

2.3.17 Relationship between Stress and Strain for Concrete

2.4 Types of Reinforcement

2.5 Practical Use, Creation and Economics of Structural Concrete

2.6 'Bond' Between Concrete and Steel

2.6.1 Anchorage or Bond Length

2.6.2 End Anchorages

2.6.3 Laps in Reinforcement

2.6.4 Curtailment of Reinforcement in Beams

2.6.5 Anchorage Length Reductions Because of Design Strength Being Less Than ???/Y

2.6.6 Anchorage of Bent-Up Shear Bars

2.6.7 Bearing Stresses inside Bends

2.6.8 Anchorage of Stirrups (Or Links)

2.6.9 Splitting Effects of Bar Anchorages

2.6.10 Anchorage Lengths Based on Elastic Analysis

Chapter 3 Reinforced Concrete Beams

3.1 Design

3.2 Elastic Analysis for Bending Moments

3.2.1 Assumptions Made in the Elastic Design of Reinforced Concrete

3.2.2 Moment of Inertia of a Reinforced Concrete Section

3.2.3 Method for Tabulating Calculations for X and /

3.2.4 Popular Formula for Slabs and Rectangular Beams (Elastic Theory)

3.3 Elastic Theory for Shear Stresses

3.4 Shear Reinforcement

3.4.1 Design of Shear Reinforcement by CP 110 Truss Analogy

3.5 'Bond' Stresses Due to Shear (Or Flexural Bond)

3.6 Torsion

3.7 Plastic Analysis

3.7.1 Assumptions of Plastic Design Methods

3.7.2 Plastic Design in Bending

3.7.3 Plastic Design of 'Under-Reinforced' Rectangular Sections

3.7.4 'Balanced1 Plastic Design of Rectangular Sections

3.7.5 Plastic Design of Any Shape of 'Under-Reinforced' Section

3.7.6 'Balanced' Plastic Design of Any Shape of Section

3.7.7 Plastic Design of Any Shape of 'Under-Reinforced' Section Containing Compression Steel

3.7.8 'Balanced' Plastic Design for Any Shape of Section Containing Compression Steel

3.7.9 Design of Compression Steel for Rectangular Section

3.7.10 Compression Steel Near to Neutral Axis

3.7.11 Further Points about Compression Steel

3.8 Limit State of Deflection

3.9 Limit State of Cracking

Chapter 4 Reinforced Concrete Slabs

4.1 Slabs Spanning 'One-Way'

4.2 Slabs Spanning 'Two-Ways'

4.2.1 General Discussion of Design of Two-Way Spanning Slabs

4.2.2 Design Tables for Two-Way Slabs

4.3 Flat Slabs

4.4 Yield-Line Theory of Slab Analysis

4.4.1 Reinforcement

4.4.2 Further Points on Yield-Line Analyses

4.4.3 'Upper-Bound' and Lower-Bound' Solutions

4.4.4 Further Consideration of the 'Equilibrium Method'

4.4.5 Further Consideration of the Virtual-Work Method

4.4.6 Combination of Equilibrium and Virtual-Work Methods

4.4.7 Affine Slab Transformations

4.5 Hillerborg's Strip Method of Slab Design

4.5.1 Further Points on Hillerborg's Strip Method

4.6 CP 110 and Yield-Line and Strip Methods

4.7 Hillerborg's Advanced Method

4.8 Slab with Hole Using Hillerborg's Strip Method

4.9 Traditional U.K. Design Office Methods

4.10 General Discussion of Design Methods for Two-Way and Flat Slabs

Chapter 5 Columns and Walls

5.1 General

5.2 Slender Columns

5.3 Axially Loaded Short Columns

5.4 Plastic Analysis for Eccentrically Loaded Short Columns

5.4.1 Design of Eccentrically Loaded Columns

5.5 Reinforced Concrete Walls

5.6 Design of Columns to Frameworks

5.7 Very Slender Columns

Chapter 6 Reinforced Concrete Frames and Continuous Beams and Slabs

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Frames

6.3 Continuous Beams and Slabs

Chapter 7 Design of Structures

7.1 Introduction

7.1.1 Floor Slab

7.1.2 Beams of 7 M Span

7.1.3 External Columns between Ground and First Floor

7.1.4 Bases

7.1.5 Anchorage of Column Bars into Bases

7.1.6 Design Calculations

7.1.7 Student Design Office Exercise

7.1.8 Floor of Building (Two-Way and Flat Slabs)

7.2 Design Tables

7.3 Creation (Design or Selection) of Structural System

Chapter 8 Prestressed Concrete

8.1 Prestressing

8.1.1 Advantages and Disadvantages of Prestressing

8.2 Materials

8.2.1 Stress Corrosion

8.3 Losses of Prestress

8.4 Limit State Design of Members

8.4.1 Simple Assessment of Size of Prestressed Members

8.4.2 Assumptions for Elastic Design

8.4.3 Limit States of Stresses and Deflections

8.4.4 Simplified Elastic Design of Prestressed Concrete Beams

8.4.5 Ultimate Limit State Due to Flexure (Bonded Tendons)

8.4.6 Additional Untensioned Steel (Bonded Tendons)

8.4.7 Compression Steel

8.4.8 Ultimate Limit Moment Due to Flexure (Unbonded Tendons)

8.4.9 Prestressed Columns

8.4.10 Prestressed Ties

8.4.11 Shear Resistance of Prestressed Concrete Beams

8.4.12 Inclined Tendons

8.4.13 Composite Construction

8.4.14 Continuity

8.4.15 End Splitting Forces

8.4.16 Prestressed Concrete Tanks, Pipes, Domes, Shells and Piles

8.4.17 Torsional Resistance

8.5 Load Balancing

Appendix 1 Tables and Graphs for Design

Appendix 2 Units and Greek Symbols

Appendix 3 Nomenclature Used in British Standard CP

Appendix 4 Extracts from British Standard CP



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© Butterworth-Heinemann 1983
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About the Author

C. B. Wilby