Structural and Functional Aspects of Phytochemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126124057, 9781483220017

Structural and Functional Aspects of Phytochemistry

1st Edition

Recent Advances in Phytochemistry, Vol. 5

Editors: V. C. Runeckles T. C. Tso
eBook ISBN: 9781483220017
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 362
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Recent Advances in Phytochemistry, Volume 5: Structural and Functional Aspects of Phytochemistry covers the proceedings of the 10th Symposium of the Phytochemical Society of North America held in Beltsville College Park, Maryland on October 6-9, 1970. The book discusses the energy conversion in both photooxidation and photophosphorylation reactions of photosynthesis; and advances in phytochrome studies, including the physiological and biochemical characterization of the pigment, the mechanism of action, and the regulation of phytochrome-mediated processes. The text also describes the structure, function, and photocontrolled synthesis of betalains; the chemistry of flavylium salts; and the histochemistry of plants in health and disease. The enzyme reaction to wound injury and parasites, and the evolution of the mechanisms of disease resistance are also considered. The book further tackles herbicide metabolism in plants; the chemistry of tea and tobacco; and the alkaloid biosynthesis of tobacco plants. Botanists, entomologists, and people involved in the study of plant chemistry will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors Preface Primary Energy Conversion Reactions in Photosynthesis Saga of Previous Research Some Unsolved Problems Light-Driven Electron Transport Phosphorylation Coupled to Electron Transport References The Nature of Purified Phytochrome Introduction Results and Discussion Conclusions References A Study of the Mechanism of Phytochrome Action Introduction Experimental Discussion References Acetylcholine as a Native Metabolic Regulator of Phytochrome-Mediated Processes in Bean Roots Introduction Methods Identification and Measurement of Acethylcoline in Bean Roots 88 The Role of Calcium Interactions with Respiration Synthesis References The Betalains: Structure, Function, and Biogenesis, and the Plant Order Centrospermae Introduction Summary of Reports Pertaining to the Betalains (Tables 1-7) DNA-DNA and DNA-RNA Hybridization Studies in the Centrospermae Present and Proposed Research on the Betalains and the Plant Order Centrospermae References Recent Progress in the Chemistry of Flavylium Salts Introduction Hydrolytic Reactions of Flavylium Salts Peroxide Oxidation of Flavylium Salts Flavylium Salt-Polyphenol Condensation Reactions Synthesis and Some Reactions of Flavenes Formation of Xanthlium Salts from Proanthrocyanidins References Histochemistry of Plants in Health and Disease Introduction The Development of a Chemical Barrier Enzyme Localization in Health and Disease Analysis of the Localization of Compounds in Health and Disease Conclusions References Secondary Plant Substances and Insects Introduction Feeding Stimulants Nutrients and Host Plant Recognition Chemoperception of Plant Constituents Molecular Structure and Stimulating Effectivenes


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© Academic Press 1972
Academic Press
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About the Editor

V. C. Runeckles

T. C. Tso

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