Structural and Functional Aspects of Phytochemistry

Structural and Functional Aspects of Phytochemistry

Recent Advances in Phytochemistry, Vol. 5

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editors: V. C. Runeckles, T. C. Tso
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220017

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Description

Recent Advances in Phytochemistry, Volume 5: Structural and Functional Aspects of Phytochemistry covers the proceedings of the 10th Symposium of the Phytochemical Society of North America held in Beltsville College Park, Maryland on October 6-9, 1970. The book discusses the energy conversion in both photooxidation and photophosphorylation reactions of photosynthesis; and advances in phytochrome studies, including the physiological and biochemical characterization of the pigment, the mechanism of action, and the regulation of phytochrome-mediated processes. The text also describes the structure, function, and photocontrolled synthesis of betalains; the chemistry of flavylium salts; and the histochemistry of plants in health and disease. The enzyme reaction to wound injury and parasites, and the evolution of the mechanisms of disease resistance are also considered. The book further tackles herbicide metabolism in plants; the chemistry of tea and tobacco; and the alkaloid biosynthesis of tobacco plants. Botanists, entomologists, and people involved in the study of plant chemistry will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Primary Energy Conversion Reactions in Photosynthesis

    Saga of Previous Research

    Some Unsolved Problems

    Light-Driven Electron Transport

    Phosphorylation Coupled to Electron Transport

    References

    The Nature of Purified Phytochrome

    Introduction

    Results and Discussion

    Conclusions

    References

    A Study of the Mechanism of Phytochrome Action

    Introduction

    Experimental

    Discussion

    References

    Acetylcholine as a Native Metabolic Regulator of Phytochrome-Mediated Processes in Bean Roots

    Introduction

    Methods

    Identification and Measurement of Acethylcoline in Bean Roots 88

    The Role of Calcium

    Interactions with Respiration

    Synthesis

    References

    The Betalains: Structure, Function, and Biogenesis, and the Plant Order Centrospermae

    Introduction

    Summary of Reports Pertaining to the Betalains (Tables 1-7)

    DNA-DNA and DNA-RNA Hybridization Studies in the Centrospermae

    Present and Proposed Research on the Betalains and the Plant Order Centrospermae

    References

    Recent Progress in the Chemistry of Flavylium Salts

    Introduction

    Hydrolytic Reactions of Flavylium Salts

    Peroxide Oxidation of Flavylium Salts

    Flavylium Salt-Polyphenol Condensation Reactions

    Synthesis and Some Reactions of Flavenes

    Formation of Xanthlium Salts from Proanthrocyanidins

    References

    Histochemistry of Plants in Health and Disease

    Introduction

    The Development of a Chemical Barrier

    Enzyme Localization in Health and Disease

    Analysis of the Localization of Compounds in Health and Disease

    Conclusions

    References

    Secondary Plant Substances and Insects

    Introduction

    Feeding Stimulants

    Nutrients and Host Plant Recognition

    Chemoperception of Plant Constituents

    Molecular Structure and Stimulating Effectiveness

    Toxicity of Secondary Plant Substances

    Conclusion

    References

    Herbicide Metabolism in Plants

    Introduction

    N-Demethylation of N-Methylphenylurea Herbicides

    Glutathione Conjugation of 2-Chloro-s-triazine Herbicides 239

    Conclusions

    Appendix

    References

    The Chemistry of Tea and Tea Manufacturing

    Introduction

    Tea Manufacturing Process

    Biochemistry of the Tea Flush

    Chemistry of Tea Manufacturing

    Tea Cream

    Conclusions

    References

    A Speculative View of Tobacco Alkaloid Biosynthesis

    Introduction

    Correlative Information

    Speculative Model Building

    References

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 362
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220017

About the Editors

V. C. Runeckles

T. C. Tso

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