Current fleets of conventional and nuclear power plants face increasing hostile environmental conditions due to increasingly high temperature operation for improved capacity and efficiency, and the need for long term service. Additional challenges are presented by the requirement to cycle plants to meet peak-load operation. This book presents a comprehensive review of structural materials in conventional and nuclear energy applications. Opening chapters address operational challenges and structural alloy requirements in different types of power plants. The following sections review power plant structural alloys and methods to mitigate critical materials degradation in power plants.


Individuals wanting a comprehensive overview of the materials used in modern power plants; Individuals working in the power generation industry, such as power plant operators, management personnel, original equipment manufacturers; Industrial engineers/metallurgists; Materials scientists and researchers

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  • Preface
  • Part I: Operational challenges and structural alloy requirements
    • 1. Gas turbines: operating conditions, components and material requirements
      • Abstract:
      • 1.1 Introduction
      • 1.2 Overview of materials systems and their role in gas turbines
      • 1.3 Operating conditions and materials selection
      • 1.4 Critical degradation mechanisms, aging and monitoring
      • 1.5 Materials performance assessment and life management
      • 1.6 Materials limitations, challenges and future directions
      • 1.7 Acknowledgements
      • 1.8 Sources of further information and advice
      • 1.9 References
    • 2. Steam turbines: operating conditions, components and material requirements
      • Abstract:
      • 2.1 Introduction
      • 2.2 High temperature cylinder components
      • 2.3 Factors affecting the service life of high temperature components
      • 2.4 Low temperature cylinder components
      • 2.5 Factors affecting the service life of low temperature components
      • 2.6 Conclusion
      • 2.7 References
    • 3. High temperature materials issues in the design and operation of coal-fired steam turbines and plant
      • Abstract:
      • 3.1 Introduction
      • 3.2 Recent power plant history and its lessons
      • 3.3 Challenges of advanced plants
      • 3.4 Thermodynamics and design of the steam and water circuits
      • 3.5 Design and operation of furnace and boiler
      • 3.6 Superheater design issues
      • 3.7 Two shift cycling
      • 3.8 Material issues in the development of advanced steam plants
      • 3.9 Discussion
      • 3.10 Conclusions
      • 3.11 References
    • 4. Nuclear power plants: types, components and material requirements
      • Abstract:
      • 4.1 Introduction
      • 4.2 UK gas-cooled reactors: Magnox and advanced g


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© 2014
Woodhead Publishing
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About the editors

A. Shirzadi

Affiliations and Expertise

The Open University and University of Cambridge, UK

S. Jackson

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Cambridge, UK