Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists, and Engineers - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780444563651, 9780444563705

Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists, and Engineers, Volume 61

2nd Edition

Authors: Roger Slatt
eBook ISBN: 9780444563705
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444563651
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 2nd November 2013
Page Count: 688
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Table of Contents



Series Editor's Preface

Chapter 1. Basic Principles and Applications of Reservoir Characterization

1.1 General Introduction

1.2 Integrating Expertise for Reservoir Characterization

1.3 Oil and Gas: The Main Sources of Global Energy

1.4 The Added Value of Reservoir Characterization

1.5 Compartmentalization of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

1.6 Clastic Depositional Environments and Types of Deposits

1.7 When Is Reservoir Characterization Important in the Life Cycle of a Field?

1.8 The Value of Case Studies


Chapter 2. Basic Sedimentary Rock Properties


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Classification and Properties of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

2.3 Sedimentary Structures and Their Significance

2.4 Summary


Chapter 3. Geologic Time and Stratigraphy


3.1 Introduction

3.2 North American Geologic Time Scale

3.3 Determining the Time Frame in Which a Rock Formed

3.4 Micropaleontology and Biostratigraphy in Reservoir Characterization

3.5 Walther's Law and the Succession of Sedimentary Facies

3.6 Summary


Chapter 4. Tools and Techniques for Characterizing Oil and Gas Reservoirs


4.1 Introduction

4.2 Measuring Properties at Different Scales

4.3 Computers and the Computing Environment

4.4 Seismic-Reflection and Subsurface Imaging

4.5 Logging and Sampling a Well

4.6 Summary


Chapter 5. Basics of Sequence Stratigraphy for Reservoir Characterization


5.1 Sequence Stratigraphic Approach to Reservoir Characterization

5.2 Definitions and Basic Concepts

5.3 Evolution and Applications of Sequence Stratigraphy

5.4 Scales of Cyclicity

5.5 Procedure for Developing a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

5.6 Summary



Chapter 6. Geologic Controls on Reservoir Quality


6.1 Definitions

6.2 Examination and Measurement of Porosity and Permeability

6.3 Primary Grain-Size Control on Reservoir Quality

6.4 Diagenesis and Reservoir Quality

6.5 Flow-Unit Characterization for Correlation and Upscaling

6.6 Capillary Pressure and Its Applications to Reservoir Characterization

6.7 Seismic Porosity Measurement

6.8 Summary


Chapter 7. Fluvial Deposits and Reservoirs


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Braided Fluvial (River) Deposits and Reservoirs

7.3 Meandering-River Deposits and Reservoirs

7.4 Incised-Valley-Fill Deposits and Reservoirs

7.5 Stratigraphy and Stacking Patterns of Fluvial Reservoirs

7.6 Summary


Chapter 8. Eolian (Windblown) Deposits and Reservoirs


8.1 Introduction

8.2 Processes and Deposits

8.3 Sandstone Reservoir Examples

8.4 Loess (Eolian Siltstone) Deposits and Reservoirs

8.5 Summary


Chapter 9. Deltaic Deposits and Reservoirs


9.1 Introduction

9.2 General Deltaic Processes, Environments (Physiographic Zones), and Types

9.3 Deltas Within a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

9.4 River-Dominated Delta Deposits and Reservoirs

9.5 Wave-Dominated Deltas

9.6 Tide-Dominated Deltas

9.7 Summary


Chapter 10. Nondeltaic, Shallow Marine Deposits and Reservoirs


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Shallow Marine Processes and Environments

10.3 Nondeltaic Shallow Marine Deposits Within a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

10.4 Shoreline and Shallow Marine Deposits

10.5 Shoreface/Shallow Marine Reservoirs

10.6 Barrier-Island Deposits and Reservoirs

10.7 Summary


Chapter 11. Deepwater Deposits and Reservoirs


11.1 Introduction

11.2 Sedimentary Processes and Deposits Operative in Deep Water

11.3 Depositional Models

11.4 Architectural Elements of Deepwater Deposits

11.5 Deepwater Reservoir Examples

11.6 Summary


Chapter 12. Unconventional Resource Shales


12.1 Introduction

12.2 Shale Depositional Processes and Environments

12.3 Shale Composition and Fabric Anisotropy

12.4 Shale Porosity, Permeability, and Pore Types

12.5 Geochemistry

12.6 Lithofacies Stacking and Sequence Stratigraphy

12.7 Geomechanics and Brittle–Ductile Couplets

12.8 Some Economic and Societal Considerations of Gas- and Oil-Bearing Shales

12.9 Concluding Remarks


Chapter 13. Geologic and Engineering Modeling


13.1 Introduction

13.2 Outcrop “Reservoir” Modeling

13.3 Subsurface Case Study

13.4 Summary




Reservoir characterization as a discipline grew out of the recognition that more oil and gas could be extracted from reservoirs if the geology of the reservoir was understood. Prior to that awakening, reservoir development and production were the realm of the petroleum engineer. In fact, geologists of that time would have felt slighted if asked by corporate management to move from an exciting exploration assignment to a more mundane assignment working with an engineer to improve a reservoir’s performance.

Slowly, reservoir characterization came into its own as a quantitative, multidisciplinary endeavor requiring a vast array of skills and knowledge sets. Perhaps the biggest attractor to becoming a reservoir geologist was the advent of fast computing, followed by visualization programs and theaters, all of which allow young geoscientists to practice their computing skills in a highly technical work environment. Also, the discipline grew in parallel with the evolution of data integration and the advent of asset teams in the petroleum industry. Finally, reservoir characterization flourished with the quantum improvements that have occurred in geophysical acquisition and processing techniques and that allow geophysicists to image internal reservoir complexities.

Key Features

  • Practical resource describing different types of sandstone and shale reservoirs
  • Case histories of reservoir studies for easy comparison
  • Applications of standard, new, and emerging technologies


Petroleum geologists, geophysicists and engineers, explorationists


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2013
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Authors

Roger Slatt Author

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Oklahoma, Norman, USA