Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists, and Engineers

Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists, and Engineers

2nd Edition - November 2, 2013

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  • Author: Roger Slatt
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444563651
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444563705

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Description

Reservoir characterization as a discipline grew out of the recognition that more oil and gas could be extracted from reservoirs if the geology of the reservoir was understood. Prior to that awakening, reservoir development and production were the realm of the petroleum engineer. In fact, geologists of that time would have felt slighted if asked by corporate management to move from an exciting exploration assignment to a more mundane assignment working with an engineer to improve a reservoir’s performance. Slowly, reservoir characterization came into its own as a quantitative, multidisciplinary endeavor requiring a vast array of skills and knowledge sets. Perhaps the biggest attractor to becoming a reservoir geologist was the advent of fast computing, followed by visualization programs and theaters, all of which allow young geoscientists to practice their computing skills in a highly technical work environment. Also, the discipline grew in parallel with the evolution of data integration and the advent of asset teams in the petroleum industry. Finally, reservoir characterization flourished with the quantum improvements that have occurred in geophysical acquisition and processing techniques and that allow geophysicists to image internal reservoir complexities.

Key Features

  • Practical resource describing different types of sandstone and shale reservoirs
  • Case histories of reservoir studies for easy comparison
  • Applications of standard, new, and emerging technologies

Readership

Petroleum geologists, geophysicists and engineers, explorationists

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Preface

    Series Editor's Preface

    Chapter 1. Basic Principles and Applications of Reservoir Characterization

    1.1 General Introduction

    1.2 Integrating Expertise for Reservoir Characterization

    1.3 Oil and Gas: The Main Sources of Global Energy

    1.4 The Added Value of Reservoir Characterization

    1.5 Compartmentalization of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

    1.6 Clastic Depositional Environments and Types of Deposits

    1.7 When Is Reservoir Characterization Important in the Life Cycle of a Field?

    1.8 The Value of Case Studies

    References

    Chapter 2. Basic Sedimentary Rock Properties

    Abstract

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Classification and Properties of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

    2.3 Sedimentary Structures and Their Significance

    2.4 Summary

    References

    Chapter 3. Geologic Time and Stratigraphy

    Abstract

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 North American Geologic Time Scale

    3.3 Determining the Time Frame in Which a Rock Formed

    3.4 Micropaleontology and Biostratigraphy in Reservoir Characterization

    3.5 Walther's Law and the Succession of Sedimentary Facies

    3.6 Summary

    References

    Chapter 4. Tools and Techniques for Characterizing Oil and Gas Reservoirs

    Abstract

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Measuring Properties at Different Scales

    4.3 Computers and the Computing Environment

    4.4 Seismic-Reflection and Subsurface Imaging

    4.5 Logging and Sampling a Well

    4.6 Summary

    References

    Chapter 5. Basics of Sequence Stratigraphy for Reservoir Characterization

    Abstract

    5.1 Sequence Stratigraphic Approach to Reservoir Characterization

    5.2 Definitions and Basic Concepts

    5.3 Evolution and Applications of Sequence Stratigraphy

    5.4 Scales of Cyclicity

    5.5 Procedure for Developing a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

    5.6 Summary

    References

    Further-reading

    Chapter 6. Geologic Controls on Reservoir Quality

    Abstract

    6.1 Definitions

    6.2 Examination and Measurement of Porosity and Permeability

    6.3 Primary Grain-Size Control on Reservoir Quality

    6.4 Diagenesis and Reservoir Quality

    6.5 Flow-Unit Characterization for Correlation and Upscaling

    6.6 Capillary Pressure and Its Applications to Reservoir Characterization

    6.7 Seismic Porosity Measurement

    6.8 Summary

    References

    Chapter 7. Fluvial Deposits and Reservoirs

    Abstract

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Braided Fluvial (River) Deposits and Reservoirs

    7.3 Meandering-River Deposits and Reservoirs

    7.4 Incised-Valley-Fill Deposits and Reservoirs

    7.5 Stratigraphy and Stacking Patterns of Fluvial Reservoirs

    7.6 Summary

    References

    Chapter 8. Eolian (Windblown) Deposits and Reservoirs

    Abstract

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Processes and Deposits

    8.3 Sandstone Reservoir Examples

    8.4 Loess (Eolian Siltstone) Deposits and Reservoirs

    8.5 Summary

    References

    Chapter 9. Deltaic Deposits and Reservoirs

    Abstract

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 General Deltaic Processes, Environments (Physiographic Zones), and Types

    9.3 Deltas Within a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

    9.4 River-Dominated Delta Deposits and Reservoirs

    9.5 Wave-Dominated Deltas

    9.6 Tide-Dominated Deltas

    9.7 Summary

    References

    Chapter 10. Nondeltaic, Shallow Marine Deposits and Reservoirs

    Abstract

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Shallow Marine Processes and Environments

    10.3 Nondeltaic Shallow Marine Deposits Within a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

    10.4 Shoreline and Shallow Marine Deposits

    10.5 Shoreface/Shallow Marine Reservoirs

    10.6 Barrier-Island Deposits and Reservoirs

    10.7 Summary

    References

    Chapter 11. Deepwater Deposits and Reservoirs

    Abstract

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Sedimentary Processes and Deposits Operative in Deep Water

    11.3 Depositional Models

    11.4 Architectural Elements of Deepwater Deposits

    11.5 Deepwater Reservoir Examples

    11.6 Summary

    References

    Chapter 12. Unconventional Resource Shales

    Abstract

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Shale Depositional Processes and Environments

    12.3 Shale Composition and Fabric Anisotropy

    12.4 Shale Porosity, Permeability, and Pore Types

    12.5 Geochemistry

    12.6 Lithofacies Stacking and Sequence Stratigraphy

    12.7 Geomechanics and Brittle–Ductile Couplets

    12.8 Some Economic and Societal Considerations of Gas- and Oil-Bearing Shales

    12.9 Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 13. Geologic and Engineering Modeling

    Abstract

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Outcrop “Reservoir” Modeling

    13.3 Subsurface Case Study

    13.4 Summary

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 688
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: November 2, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444563651
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444563705

About the Author

Roger Slatt

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Oklahoma, Norman, USA

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  • Zhengwen Z. Mon Mar 12 2018

    Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists, and Engineers

    Very well organized and developed. Hope to see some contents on carbonate formations in the next edition. Thanks.