Stormwater Modeling

Stormwater Modeling

1st Edition - November 28, 1976

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  • Authors: Donald E. Overton, Michael E. Meadows
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483264660

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Stormwater Modeling presents the fundamentals of deterministic, parametric, and stochastic stormwater modeling. It is assumed that the reader or student will have a basic background in science or engineering; however, the authors are of the opinion that one can comfortably read and understand this treatise with a fundamental knowledge of calculus and differential equations. The book has been written with the intent of reaching an audience concerned primarily with evaluating the effects of land use on stormwater for the purpose of doing feasibility studies, planning, and/or design work. The book is organized into five parts. Part I discusses various modeling concepts such as the definition of a mathematical model, the systems approach to model building, examples of parametric and deterministic modeling, and stormwater model optimization. Part II on deterministic modeling covers the modeling of overland and open channel flow; kinematic flow approximation; and estimation of time of concentration using kinematic wave theory. Part III covers parametric modeling and includes chapters on model optimization;. analysis of the effects of urbanization and logging on stormwater; and evaluation of the effects of strip coal mining on watershed hydrologic response. Parts IV and V deal with stochastic stormwater modeling and stormwater quality modeling, respectively.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Part I Introduction and Modeling Concepts

    Chapter 1 Introduction and Modeling Concepts

    1-1 Stormwater Defined

    1-2 What is a Mathematical Model?

    1-3 The Systems Approach to Model Building

    1-4 Systems Terminology and Definitions

    1-5 The Modeling Approach

    1-6 Example of Parametric Modeling

    1-7 Example of Deterministic Modeling

    1-8 Linkage between Parametric and Deterministic Modeling

    1 -9 Choice of Model Complexity

    1-10 Stormwater Model Optimization by Objective Best Fitting

    1-11 Sensitivity Analysis

    1-12 Regionalization of Parameters

    1-13 Range of Choice of Stormwater Models



    Part II Deterministic Modeling

    Chapter 2 Rainfall Excess

    2-1 Introduction

    2-2 Interception Models

    2-3 Depression Storage Models

    2-4 Soil Physics Models of Infiltration

    2-5 Hydrologic Models of Infiltration

    2-6 Evapotranspiration Models



    Chapter 3 Overland and Open Channel Flow

    3-1 Introduction

    3.2 The Governing Equations of Motion

    3-3 Kinematic and Dynamic Waves

    3-4 Solution Techniques



    Chapter 4 Kinematic Flow Approximation

    4-1 Introduction

    4-2 The Kinematic Approximation to Overland Flow

    4-3 Kinematic Flow Number

    4-4 Kinematic Flow on Long Impermeable Planes—the Rising Hydrograph

    4-5 Time to Equilibrium

    4-6 Equilibrium Depth Profile

    4-7 The Falling Hydrograph

    4-8 Model for a V-Shaped Watershed

    4-9 Overland Flow on a Converging Surface

    4-10 Overland Flow on a Cascade of Planes

    4-11 Kinematic Shock

    4-12 Kinematic Streamflow

    4-13 Free Surface Storm Sewer Flow



    Chapter 5 Estimation of Time of Concentration Using Kinematic Wave Theory

    5-1 Introduction

    5-2 Derivation of Time of Concentration

    5-3 Time of Concentration for a Plane

    5-4 Time of Concentration of a Cascade of Planes

    5-5 Time of Concentration of a V-Shaped Watershed

    5-6 Time of Concentration of a Converging Surface

    5-7 A Concept of Lag Modulus

    5-8 Estimation of Time of Concentration on Complex Catchments Where Stormwater Data are Available

    5-9 Summary



    Chapter 6 Examples of Deterministic Stormwater Modeling

    6-1 Introduction

    6-2 A Model of Rural Stormwater

    6-3 A Model of Urban Peak Runoff Design

    6-4 Use of Stormwater Detention Basins for Peak Runoff Reduction

    6-5 Hydrologic Impact of Storm Sewers

    6-6 Stormwater Management Models

    6-7 A Comparison of Urban Stormwater Models



    Chapter 7 Systems Approach to Deterministic Stormwater Modeling

    7-1 Introduction

    7-2 Linear and Nonlinear Hydrologic Systems

    7-3 Derivation of Response Function

    7-4 Development of the Variable Response Model (VRM)

    7-5 Examples of Application of VRM

    7-6 Hydrologic Design of Stormwater Inlets

    7-7 Conclusions



    Part III Parametric Modeling

    Chapter 8 History of Parametric Stormwater Modeling

    8-1 Introduction

    8-2 Parametric Modeling Prior to the High Speed Digital Computer

    8-3 Parametric Modeling with High Speed Digital Computers

    8-4 Present State of the Art



    Chapter 9 Model Optimization Techniques

    9-1 Need for Objective Best Fitting

    9-2 Linear Least Squares

    9-3 Nonlinear Least Squares

    9-4 Principal Components Analysis

    9-5 Stepwise Multiple Regression

    9-6 Rosenbrock's Method

    9-7 Pattern Search

    9-8 Summary



    Chapter 10 Evaluation of Effects of Urbanization and Logging on Stormwater

    10-1 Introduction

    10-2 TVA Stormwater Model

    10-3 Model Tests

    10-4 Simulated Effects of Forest Cutting on Stormwater

    10-5 Simulated Effects of Urbanization on Stormwater

    10-6 Model Limitations



    Chapter 11 Evaluation of the Effects of Strip Mining on Streamflow

    11-1 Introduction

    11-2 TVA Daily Flow Model

    11-3 Stanford Model

    11-4 Conclusions



    Chapter 12 Sensitivity Analysis

    12-1 Need for Sensitivity Analysis

    12-2 USGS Model

    12-3 Model Optimization

    12-4 A Case Study

    12-5 Conclusions



    Chapter 13 Regionalization of Model Parameters

    13-1 Introduction

    13-2 Regionalization of TVA Stormwater Model

    13-3 Example Applications

    13-3 Limitations of Regionalized Models



    Part IV Stochastic Stormwater Modeling

    Chapter 14 Stormwater Frequency Modeling

    14-1 Introduction

    14-2 Return Period

    14-3 Probability Density Functions

    14-4 Plotting Positions

    14-5 Best Fit Criteria

    14-6 Outliers

    14-7 Confidence Intervals--Reliability

    14-8 Effects of Urbanization on Stormwater Frequency

    14-9 Design Risk

    14-10 Conclusions



    Part V Stormwater Quality Modeling

    Chapter 15 State of the Art in Stormwater Quality

    15-1 Introduction

    15-2 Stormwater as a Pollutant

    15-3 Nonpoint Source

    15-4 Effects of Pollutants on Receiving Streams and Lakes

    15-5 Quality of Urban Runoff

    15-6 Quality of Agricultural Runoff

    15-7 Quality of Runoff from Mining Areas

    15-8 Quality of Runoff from Forests and Woodlands

    15-9 Conclusion



    Chapter 16 Simulating Pollutographs and Loadographs

    16-1 Introduction

    16-2 Accumulation of Pollutants

    16-3 Removal of Pollutants

    16-4 Simulating Pollutographs and Loadographs



    Chapter 17 Development of Stormwater Quality Indices

    17-1 Introduction

    17-2 "Consumers' Water Quality Index"

    17-3 A Multivariate Approach

    17-4 Principal Components Regression

    17-5 Conclusions



    Appendix I


Product details

  • No. of pages: 370
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: November 28, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483264660

About the Authors

Donald E. Overton

Michael E. Meadows

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