Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems

Stochastic Transport in Complex Systems

From Molecules to Vehicles

1st Edition - October 1, 2010

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  • Authors: Andreas Schadschneider, Debashish Chowdhury, Katsuhiro Nishinari
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080560526
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444562166

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Description

The first part of the book provides a pedagogical introduction to the physics of complex systems driven far from equilibrium. In this part we discuss the basic concepts and theoretical techniques which are commonly used to study classical stochastic transport in systems of interacting driven particles. The analytical techniques include mean-field theories, matrix product ansatz, renormalization group, etc. and the numerical methods are mostly based on computer simulations. In the second part of the book these concepts and techniques are applied not only to vehicular traffic but also to transport and traffic-like phenomena in living systems ranging from collective movements of social insects (for example, ants) on trails to intracellular molecular motor transport. These demonstrate the conceptual unity of the fundamental principles underlying the apparent diversity of the systems and the utility of the theoretical toolbox of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics in interdisciplinary research far beyond the traditional disciplinary boundaries of physics.

Key Features

  • Leading industry experts provide a broad overview of the interdisciplinary nature of physics
  • Presents unified descriptions of intracellular, ant, and vehicular traffic from a physics point of view
  • Applies theoretical methods in practical everyday situations
  • Reference and guide for physicists, engineers and graduate students

Readership

This book is suitable for theoretical physicists (particularly statistical physicists), graduate students, civil engineer (particularly traffic engineers) and biological physicists (particularly in molecular cell biology and social insects)

Table of Contents

  • I. Methods and Concepts
    1. Introduction to Nonequilibrium Systems and Transport Phenomena
    2. Methods for the Description of Stochastic Models
    3. Particle-Hopping Models of Transport far From Equilibrium
    4. Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process - Exact Results

    II. Applications
    5. Vehicular Traffic I: Empirical Facts
    6. Vehicular Traffic II: The Nagel-Schreckenberg Model
    7. Vehicular Traffic III: Other CA Models
    8. Vehicular Traffic III: Non-CA Modelling Approaches
    9. Transport on Networks
    10. Pedestrian Dynamics
    11. Biological Traffic

Product details

  • No. of pages: 582
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2010
  • Published: October 1, 2010
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080560526
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444562166

About the Authors

Andreas Schadschneider

Dr. Andreas Schadschneider is Professor at the Institute for Theoretical Physics at the University of Cologne. His research covers various aspects of condensed matter physics ranging from solid state physics to interdisciplinary problems in statistical and biological physics. He has published more than hundred research papers in leading international journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Universitaet zu Koeln, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Germany

Debashish Chowdhury

Dr. Debashish Chowdhury is a Professor of Physics at the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. He works on interdisciplinary topics in statistical and biological physics. He has published three books and more than hundred research papers in leading international journals. He is a fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Indian Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Kanpur, India

Katsuhiro Nishinari

Dr. Katsuhiro Nishinari is an Associate Professor of Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo. He works on interdisciplinary topics in applied mathematics, fluid dynamics, and statistical physics. He has published more than fifty research papers in leading international journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Tokyo, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Japan

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