Stimulating Creativity: Volume 1, Individual Procedures discusses the psychological and social factors affecting creativity, including techniques applicable in technological and consumer-related product areas. Creativity is a process consisting of three overlapping stages—hypothesis formation, hypothesis testing, and the communication of results. The book reviews past criteria of creativity, and then suggests techniques, based on social and psychological differentiating characteristics of creativity, that can stimulate creativity. The text also considers some procedures which the individual can use to stimulate creativity, or overcome blocks that stop creativity. The book explains in detail individual procedures, group procedures, as well the techniques appropriate in each stage of the creative process. The text notes that the creative process occurs in a social context, primarily manifested during the communication stage. The book considers the following group procedures for stimulating creativity, namely, brainstorming, creative problem-solving, synectics, and a personality-insight approach. Examples of programs employed in different companies or organization can free an individual from difficulties and problems, make him more receptive to other programs, or he can use these programs as basis to develop newer programs. The book can prove insightful for psychiatrists, psychologists, behavioral scientists, child educators, students or professors in psychology, for parents of young children or adolescents, and also for general readers interested in self-improvement.
Table of Contents
Preface Acknowledgments Contents of Volume 2 Part I Plan of The Work I Introduction Assumptions Underlying the Discussion Part II Theory and Criteria II The Creative Process Various Descriptions of the Creative Process Stage I—Hypothesis Formation Stage II—Hypothesis Testing Stage III—Communication of Results Summary III Criteria in Studies of Creativity Generally Acknowledged Creativity Representation in Secondary Sources Expert Judgment Quantity of Products Psychometric Tests The Process as a Criterion Summary Part III Individual Procedures IV Introduction to Personality Procedures Research Designs and Theories Involved Personality Theories Personality Results Summary V Affecting Personality Characteristics: Role Playing, Hypnosis, and Psychotherapy Role Playing Affecting the Creative Process Hypnosis To Change Personality Characteristics Psychotherapy Summary VI Introduction to Cognitive Procedures Several Theoretical Issues Language Physiognomic Perception and Regression in Service of the Ego Altered States of Consciousness Guilford's Intellective Factors Summary VII Altering States of Consciousness The Consciousness That Is to Be Altered Relaxation-Reflection Dreams Alcohol and Caffeine Mind-Expanding Drugs Summary Part IV Procedures for Affecting the Individual Stages of the Creative Process VIII Affecting the Preparatory (Educational) Stage Social Relationships in the School Environment Teaching Techniques and Practices Evaluation and Practice Toward a School System That Is More Congenial to Creativity Summary IX Stimulating Hypothesis Formation Perception Language Two of the Mystiques-Inspiration and Intuition Self-Help Procedures Another of the Mystiques—Selecting the "Good" Possibility Summary X Making Hypothesis Testing More Effective The Dialog The Mystique in This Part of the Process Theories Types and the Testing of Hypotheses Specific Suggestions Summary XI Affecting the Communication of Results Resistance to Discussing the Communication Stage The Creative Individual Intermediaries The Adoption Process The Audience or Public Overcoming Resistance to Change Summary References Subject Index