Stem Cell Epigenetics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128140857

Stem Cell Epigenetics, Volume 17

1st Edition

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Series Volume Editors: Eran Meshorer Giuseppe Testa
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128140857
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st June 2020
Page Count: 464
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Table of Contents

1. Epigenetic processes and DNA repair in embryonic stem cells

2. Stem cell epigenomics

3. A change in culture; modelling human germ cell development in vitro

4. Higher order chromatin structure

5. Polycomb

6. Mitotic bookmarking by transcription factors and the preservation of pluripotency

7. Roles and regulation of endogenous retroviruses in pluripotency and early development

8. Single stem cell biology

9. Stem cell chromatin plasticity

10. Transcriptional and epigenetic regulatory mechanisms in glioblastoma

11. 3D Models of the Human Brain

12. Stem cell epigenetic proteomics


Description

Stem Cell Epigenetics, Volume 16, examines how epigenetics are involved in stem cell differentiation, how a stem cell rapidly transitions into a molecularly distinct cell type, and how this process may be reversed or managed via epigenetic reprogramming. Topics discussed include chromatin in pluripotency, epigenetic regulation of reprogramming, stem cells and DNA methylation, histone modifications in stem cells and differentiation, higher-order chromatin conformation in pluripotent cells, epigenetics and disease modeling, organoids from pluripotent cells, transcriptional regulation in stem cells and differentiation, non-coding RNAs in pluripotency and early differentiation, and diseases caused by epigenetic alterations in stem cells.

Additionally, the potential implementation of stem cell epigenetics in drug discovery, regenerative medicine, and disease treatment is discussed in detail, helping researchers and physicians bring this exciting and fast evolving field to the clinic.

Key Features

  • Provides genetic researchers, students and physicians with evidence indicating the epigenetic mechanisms involved in stem cell differentiation
  • Highlights the specific characteristics of the epigenetic modifications and misregulations that may result in disease pathogenesis
  • Examines the potential application of stem cell epigenetics towards developing therapeutic interventions for disease and advancing regenerative medicine
  • Features chapter contributions by leading international experts

Readership

Researchers, clinicians and graduate students in genomic medicine, epigenetics, stem cell epigenetics, and stem cell biology


Details

No. of pages:
464
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2020
Published:
1st June 2020
Imprint:
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128140857

Ratings and Reviews


About the Series Volume Editors

Eran Meshorer

Prof. Meshorer is the Arthur Gutterman Family Chair for Stem Cell research. He completed his PhD at the Hebrew University and performed his post-doctoral studies at the National Cancer Institute, NIH. In 2007, he returned to the Hebrew University as an Alon Fellow and is currently heading the ‘Epigenetics, Stem cells & Neurons’ laboratory in the Department of Genetics and the Edmond and Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences (ELSC). Meshorer's lab research focuses on single cell and genome-wide approaches to understand chromatin plasticity and epigenetic regulation in embryonic and neuronal stem cells, during reprogramming, and in pluripotent models of neurodegenerative diseases. Meshorer’s lab identified the unique features of chromatin plasticity in pluripotent stem cells, the mechanisms supporting chromatin plasticity in pluripotent cells, developed epigenomic tools for the stem cell community, and established unique neurodegenerative disease models in human pluripotent stem cells. In recent years, Prof. Meshorer co-pioneered the field of Paleo-epigenetics, having reconstructed the first DNA methylation maps of ancient genomes, including the Neanderthal and the Denisovan, a method which led to the first reconstruction of the Denisovan and the 2019 ‘Breakthrough of the year’ award by Science magazine. Prof. Meshorer has been a past and/or present member of five European consortium’s, one of which (EpiSyStem), he currently coordinates. He also currently serves on the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) Publication Committee, is a board member of several national societies, and he is the current Head of the Department of Genetics, institute of Life Sciences, Hebrew University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Genetics, The Institute of Life Sciences, The Edmond and Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences (ELSC), Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Giuseppe Testa

where he is also Deputy Principal Investigator in the Research Unit on Biomedical Humanities. He is the cofounder of the interdisciplinary PhD program FOLSATEC (Foundations of the Life Sciences and Their Ethical Consequences) in Milan. His lab focuses on modeling disease through cell reprogramming, epigenetic regulation of neural fate, and aberrant genome programming in brain cancer, and he has received funding from various Italian and international organizations including European Research Council Consolidator Grant, the Italian Association for Cancer Research, the Italian Health Ministry, the Association for International Cancer Research, the Italian National Research Council, and the Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Dr. Meshorer has published widely in the fields of stem cell epigenetics and molecular medicine, with over forty-five papers published in peer reviewed journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Laboratory of Stem Cell Epigenetics, European Institute for Oncology (IEO), Milan, Italy