Stem Cell Bioprocessing - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781907568886, 9781908818300

Stem Cell Bioprocessing

1st Edition

For Cellular Therapy, Diagnostics and Drug Development

Authors: Tiago Fernandes Maria Diogo Joaquim Cabral
eBook ISBN: 9781908818300
Hardcover ISBN: 9781907568886
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 31st October 2013
Page Count: 236
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Table of Contents

List of figures

List of tables

Acknowledgments

About the authors

Chapter 1: Characteristics of stem cells

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Stem cell specialization

1.3 Stem cell types and functions

1.4 Signaling dynamics and stem cell pluripotency

1.5 Novel technologies and clinical applications

1.6 References

Chapter 2: Stem cell culture: mimicking the stem cell niche in vitro

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Stem cell niches

2.3 Niche components and structures

2.4 Engineering the microenvironment

2.5 Conclusions and future directions

2.6 References

Chapter 3: Bioreactors for stem cell culture

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Stem cell isolation and characterization

3.3 Critical issues in stem cell bioprocess development

3.4 Bioreactor design and operation

3.5 Bioreactor configurations

3.6 Bioprocess monitoring and control

3.7 Stem cell cultivation in bioreactors

3.8 Conclusions and final remarks

3.9 References

Chapter 4: Stem cell separation

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Overview of cell separation techniques and strategies

4.3 Stem cell-based separation methods

4.4 Conclusions and future trends

4.5 References

Chapter 5: Microscale technologies for stem cell culture

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Types of microscale technologies

5.3 Microscale platforms for cell culture

5.4 High-throughput and combinatorial screening applications

5.5 Stem cell research

5.6 Conclusions and future trends

5.7 References

Chapter 6: Stem cells and regenerative medicine

Abstract:

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Sources of cells for regenerative medicine

6.3 Cell processing for regenerative medicine: regulatory guidelines

6.4 Regenerative medicine and cellular therapy applications

6.5 Conclusions and future developments

6.6 References

Conclusions

7.1 Concluding comments

7.2 References

Index


Description

Stem cell bioprocessing describes the main large-scale bioprocessing strategies for both stem cell culture and purification, envisaging the application of these cells for regenerative medicine and drug screening. Bioreactor configurations are described, including their applications for stem cell expansion, and stem cell separation techniques such as isolation and purification are discussed. Basic definitions are provided concerning the different types of stem cells, from adult stem cells to the more recent induced pluripotent stem cells. The main characteristics of these different stem cell types are described, alongside the molecular mechanisms underlying their self-renewal and differentiation. The book also focuses on methodologies currently used for in vitro stem cell culture under static conditions, including the challenge of xeno-free culture conditions, as well as culture parameters that influence stem cell culture. Approaches for both stem cell culture and separation in micro-scale conditions are presented, including the use of cellular microarrays for high-throughput screening of the effect of both soluble and extracellular matrix molecules. A further section is dedicated to application of stem cells for regenerative medicine.

Key Features

  • Maintains a unique focus on both the basic stem cell biology concepts, and their translation to large-scale bioprocessing approaches
  • Envisages the use of stem cells in regenerative medicine and drug screening applications
  • Discusses the application of microscale techniques as a tool to perform basic stem cell biology studies

Readership

Biotechnologists and bioengineers


Details

No. of pages:
236
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9781908818300
Hardcover ISBN:
9781907568886

Reviews

"This book offers an interesting review of the current research and advances in the field of stem cell biology. It focuses on unique and complex requirements and challenges of stem cell culture and seems to target audience of stem cell researchers, but the well-written introduction to basic stem cell biology makes it accessible to a wider audience."--Doody.com, January 3, 2014


About the Authors

Tiago Fernandes Author

Dr Tiago G. Fernandes is currently a Post-doctoral research fellow at the Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Lisbon, Portugal. His research interests are focused on the development of artificial cellular niches for studying the mechanisms that affect human stem cell pluripotency, and the cellular and molecular events that regulate stem cell functions. During his doctoral studies he also worked at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, NY, USA, in the development of microscale platforms for high-throughput studies of stem cell fate.

Maria Diogo Author

Dr Maria Margarida Diogo received her PhD degree in Biotechnology from Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) from January 2000 to April 2004. Her thesis was dedicated to the development of Bioprocesses for Production and Purification of Plasmid DNA for Gene Therapy and DNA vaccines. As a result of this work, a United States Patent was published in 2007. From April 2004 to March 2008 she received a post-doctoral fellowship to work in the field of Stem Cell Bioengineering and she is presently a Research Scientist at the Stem Cell Bioengineering Laboratory at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST).

Affiliations and Expertise

Stem Cell Bioengineering Laboratory, Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal

Joaquim Cabral Author

Dr Joaquim M. S. Cabral is Professor of Biological Engineering, in the Department of Bioengineering at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal. He was the founder and current Head of Department of Bioengineering, and the Director of the Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, a Research Laboratory Associated to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education in Portugal. His research aims at contributing to biochemical engineering science through novel developments in Bioprocess Engineering and Stem Cell Bioengineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal