Stem Cell Bioprocessing

Stem Cell Bioprocessing

For Cellular Therapy, Diagnostics and Drug Development

1st Edition - October 31, 2013

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  • Authors: Tiago Fernandes, Maria Margarida Diogo, Joaquim Cabral
  • eBook ISBN: 9781908818300

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Description

Stem cell bioprocessing describes the main large-scale bioprocessing strategies for both stem cell culture and purification, envisaging the application of these cells for regenerative medicine and drug screening. Bioreactor configurations are described, including their applications for stem cell expansion, and stem cell separation techniques such as isolation and purification are discussed. Basic definitions are provided concerning the different types of stem cells, from adult stem cells to the more recent induced pluripotent stem cells. The main characteristics of these different stem cell types are described, alongside the molecular mechanisms underlying their self-renewal and differentiation. The book also focuses on methodologies currently used for in vitro stem cell culture under static conditions, including the challenge of xeno-free culture conditions, as well as culture parameters that influence stem cell culture. Approaches for both stem cell culture and separation in micro-scale conditions are presented, including the use of cellular microarrays for high-throughput screening of the effect of both soluble and extracellular matrix molecules. A further section is dedicated to application of stem cells for regenerative medicine.

Key Features

  • Maintains a unique focus on both the basic stem cell biology concepts, and their translation to large-scale bioprocessing approaches
  • Envisages the use of stem cells in regenerative medicine and drug screening applications
  • Discusses the application of microscale techniques as a tool to perform basic stem cell biology studies

Readership

Biotechnologists and bioengineers

Table of Contents

  • List of figures

    List of tables

    Acknowledgments

    About the authors

    Chapter 1: Characteristics of stem cells

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Stem cell specialization

    1.3 Stem cell types and functions

    1.4 Signaling dynamics and stem cell pluripotency

    1.5 Novel technologies and clinical applications

    1.6 References

    Chapter 2: Stem cell culture: mimicking the stem cell niche in vitro

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Stem cell niches

    2.3 Niche components and structures

    2.4 Engineering the microenvironment

    2.5 Conclusions and future directions

    2.6 References

    Chapter 3: Bioreactors for stem cell culture

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Stem cell isolation and characterization

    3.3 Critical issues in stem cell bioprocess development

    3.4 Bioreactor design and operation

    3.5 Bioreactor configurations

    3.6 Bioprocess monitoring and control

    3.7 Stem cell cultivation in bioreactors

    3.8 Conclusions and final remarks

    3.9 References

    Chapter 4: Stem cell separation

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Overview of cell separation techniques and strategies

    4.3 Stem cell-based separation methods

    4.4 Conclusions and future trends

    4.5 References

    Chapter 5: Microscale technologies for stem cell culture

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Types of microscale technologies

    5.3 Microscale platforms for cell culture

    5.4 High-throughput and combinatorial screening applications

    5.5 Stem cell research

    5.6 Conclusions and future trends

    5.7 References

    Chapter 6: Stem cells and regenerative medicine

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Sources of cells for regenerative medicine

    6.3 Cell processing for regenerative medicine: regulatory guidelines

    6.4 Regenerative medicine and cellular therapy applications

    6.5 Conclusions and future developments

    6.6 References

    Conclusions

    7.1 Concluding comments

    7.2 References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 236
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: October 31, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9781908818300

About the Authors

Tiago Fernandes

Dr Tiago G. Fernandes is currently a Post-doctoral research fellow at the Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Lisbon, Portugal. His research interests are focused on the development of artificial cellular niches for studying the mechanisms that affect human stem cell pluripotency, and the cellular and molecular events that regulate stem cell functions. During his doctoral studies he also worked at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, NY, USA, in the development of microscale platforms for high-throughput studies of stem cell fate.

Affiliations and Expertise

Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Lisbon, Portugal

Maria Margarida Diogo

Dr Maria Margarida Diogo received her PhD degree in Biotechnology from Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) from January 2000 to April 2004. Her thesis was dedicated to the development of Bioprocesses for Production and Purification of Plasmid DNA for Gene Therapy and DNA vaccines. As a result of this work, a United States Patent was published in 2007. From April 2004 to March 2008 she received a post-doctoral fellowship to work in the field of Stem Cell Bioengineering and she is presently a Research Scientist at the Stem Cell Bioengineering Laboratory at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST).

Affiliations and Expertise

Stem Cell Bioengineering Laboratory, Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal

Joaquim Cabral

Dr Joaquim M. S. Cabral is Professor of Biological Engineering, in the Department of Bioengineering at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal. He was the founder and current Head of Department of Bioengineering, and the Director of the Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, a Research Laboratory Associated to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education in Portugal. His research aims at contributing to biochemical engineering science through novel developments in Bioprocess Engineering and Stem Cell Bioengineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal

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