Starch Polymers

Starch Polymers

From Genetic Engineering to Green Applications

1st Edition - March 8, 2014
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editors: P. Halley, L. Averous
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444537300
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444537317

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Description

This book focuses on starch polymers including starch genetics, biotechnological and chemical modification, nanostructures, processing, characterization, properties and applications. This books topic is in a cutting edge and emerging technology area of biomaterials, nanomaterials and renewable materials, and will involve international experts in diverse fields from genetic engineering to applications.

Key Features

  • Focuses on cutting edge applications of starch polymers, including starch genetics and Rheology
  • Contains working examples and provides real problems and solutions in the area of biomaterials, nanomaterials, and renewable materials
  • Provides systematic and in-depth coverage and critical assessment of all starch properties and applications from top scientists in the industry

Readership

Graduate and postgraduate research students and industrial researchers in the areas of Organic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Applied Chemistry, Food Science/Chemistry; Biochemistry; Biotechnology/ bioengineering  Biomedical Engineering and Chemical Engineering; agricultural chemists, researchers in related industries such as paper, textiles, adhesives, plastics, biomaterials, biofuels, renewable energy, nanomaterials, food industry, packaging and polymer industry.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Contributors

    Acknowledgments

    Preface

    Introduction

    I: Introduction

    Chapter 1: Starch Polymers: From the Field to Industrial Products

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Starch Sources

    3 Starch Production and Main Outputs

    4 Starch Modification

    5 Nonfood Starch Polymer Material Applications

    6 Conclusions

    II: Starch Genetics

    Chapter 2: Genetically Modified Starch: State of Art and Perspectives

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Modification of Starch Quality

    3 Starch Modification to Lower Amylose Content

    4 Starch Modification to Elevate Amylose Content

    5 Modifying Starch Quantity in Storage Tissues

    6 Modifying Starch Granule Size

    7 New Methods for Gene Modification to Alter Starch Biosynthesis

    8 Conclusions

    Chapter 3: "Structure-Property" Relationships of Genetically Modified Starch

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Novel Starch Materials

    3 Macromolecular Properties

    4 Granular Properties

    5 Thermal Properties

    6 Overall Structure-Property Relationships

    7 Conclusions

    III: Novel Starch Modified by Biotechnology

    Chapter 4: Starch Modification by Biotechnology: State of Art and Perspectives

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Starch Biosynthesis and Mutants in the Starch Biosynthetic Pathway

    3 Starch Degradation and Mutants in the Starch Breakdown

    4 Expression of Heterologous Enzymes in Plants

    5 Industrial Application of Improved Starches

    IV: Novel Starch Modified by Chemistry

    Chapter 5: Starch Modification to Develop Novel Starch-Biopolymer Blends: State of Art and Perspectives

    Abstract

    1 Starch Structure

    2 Starch Functionality

    3 Modification of Starch

    4 Physically Modified Starches

    5 Chemical Modification

    6 Starch Modification and Resistant Starch

    7 Starch Modification: Biodegradable TPS

    8 Modified Starch as Encapsulation and Controlled Release

    Chapter 6: Chemically Modified Starch; Allyl- and Epoxy-Starch Derivatives: Their Synthesis and Characterization

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Synthesis and Characterization of Allyl Starch

    3 Synthesis and Characterization of Epoxy-Starch Derivatives

    4 Future Perspectives

    V: Structures and Properties of Novel Starch-Based Materials

    Chapter 7: Mechanical Properties of Starch-Based Plastics

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Processing of Starch into Thermoplastic Materials

    3 Factors Affecting the Mechanical Properties of Starch-Based Materials

    4 Effect of Testing Conditions

    5 Properties of Starch-Based Blends

    6 Summary and Perspectives

    Chapter 8: Nanobiocomposites Based on Plasticized Starch

    Abstract

    1 Plasticized Starch

    2 Starch-Based Nanobiocomposites

    3 Conclusions

    VI: Novel Characterisation Methods

    Chapter 9: Starch NMR

    Abstract

    1 General Principles

    2 Chemical and Physical Information

    3 Conclusions and Perspectives

    VII: Novel Processing

    Chapter 10: Processing of Plasticized Starch-Based Materials: State of the Art and Perspectives

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Plasticization of Starch

    3 Extrusion Processing of Plasticized Starch-Based Materials

    4 Other Processing Techniques for Plasticized Starch-Based Materials

    5 Summary and Future Perspective

    Chapter 11: Reactive Extrusion for Thermoplastic Starch-Polymer Blends

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Materials

    3 Results and Discussion

    4 Discussion

    5 Conclusions

    VIII: Degradation and Biodegradation

    Chapter 12: Degradation and Biodegradation Standards for Starch-Based and Other Polymeric Materials

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Biobased Standard Test Method

    3 Industrial Compost Environment

    4 Marine Environment

    5 Anaerobic Digestion

    6 Active Landfill

    Chapter 13: Effects of Formulation, Structure, and Processing on Biodegradation of Starches

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Methods of Measuring Biodegradation

    3 Biodegradation of Starches

    4 Biodegradation of Starch-Polymer Blends

    5 Biodegradation of Starch Composites

    6 Conclusions

    IX: Applications

    Chapter 14: Starch Applications: State of Market and New Trends

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Bioplastics: Background

    3 Market Drivers for Bioplastics

    4 The Global Bioplastics Market

    5 Processing of Starch Plastics

    6 Starch Application Areas

    7 Leading Starch-Based Polymer Producers

    8 Key Issues, Barriers, and Opportunities for Starch Plastics

    9 End-of-Life Issues for Starch Plastics

    10 Conclusions and Perspectives

    Chapter 15: Starch Plastic Packaging and Agriculture Applications

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Starch Properties

    3 Plastics and the Environment

    4 Plastic Uses

    5 Starch-Based Plastics

    6 Future Prospects

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 484
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2014
  • Published: March 8, 2014
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444537300
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444537317
  • About the Editors

    P. Halley

    Professor Peter Halley is a leading international expert in bio-based polymers and translational polymer research. His initial work on Australia's first biodegradable thermoplastic starch polymers led to the establishment of spin-off company Plantic Technologies, venture financing, sales of commercially-viable products and a continued research provider relationship with Plantic. Professor Halley has led translational research projects in biopolymers and biofluid platforms for agrifood, biomedical and high-value manufacturing sectors which have attracted both government and industry funding; and produced patents, licences and new industrial know-how. Professor Halley is a fellow of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute (RACI) and the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE). He is on the editorial board of four journals.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    AIBN/School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Australia

    L. Averous

    Professor Luc Avérous is a leading international expert in bio-based and/or biodegradable polymers. He started working on thermoplastic starch in 1996 to develop biodegradable packaging. During the two last decades, his major research projects have dealt with biobased and/or biodegradable polymers for environmental and biomedical applications. On these topics, he has published hundreds of scientific communications (articles, books chapters, patents and proceeding papers) with more than 2500 citations, thanks to strong collaborations with foreign labs and international companies. He is on the editorial board of more than ten journals. He has recently co-published 2 books (2011 and 2012).

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor at the University of Strasbourg, France