Spot Tests in Organic Analysis - 7th Edition - ISBN: 9780444402097, 9780444597977

Spot Tests in Organic Analysis

7th Edition

Authors: F. Feigl V. Anger
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444402097
eBook ISBN: 9780444597977
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 1st January 1983
Page Count: 796
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Covering all theoretical and practical aspects of the applications of spot tests to organic analysis, this book includes information on more than 900 tests. It continues to be an indispensable reference to organic and analytical chemists in academia and in industry.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Development, Present State and Prospects of Organic Spot Test Analysis

Chapter 2. Preliminary (Exploratory) Tests

General Remarks

1. Non-Chemical Proofs

2. Burning and Pyrolysis Tests

3. Examination of Ignition Residues

Detection of Nonmetallic and Metallic Elements Bound Directly or Indirectly to Carbon

4. Carbon

5. Hydrogen

6. Halogens

7. Chlorine

8. Bromine

9. Iodine

10. Fluorine

11. Oxygen

12. Sulfur

13. Compounds with Groups Containing Sulfur and Oxygen

14. Selenium

15. Nitrogen

16. Compounds with Groups Containing Nitrogen and Oxygen

17. Sulfur and Nitrogen (Joint Detection)

18. Phosphorus

19. Arsenic

20. Antimony

21. Silicon

22. Mercury

23. Metals

24. Tests for Basic or Acidic Behavior

25. Detection of Occult Acidic Groups

26. Detection of Occult (Non-Basic) Amino Groups

27. Detection of Water-Soluble Salts of Organic Bases and Alkali Salts of Organic Acids

28. Detection of Water-Soluble Salts of Sulfonic and Sulfinic Acids

29. Detection of Water-Insoluble Bases and Acids

30. Detection of Compounds which React with Acids

31. Orientation Tests Based on Redox Reactions

32. The Le Rosen Test for Aromatic Compounds

33. Sulfonation Test for Aromatics

34. Pyrolysis Tests for Aromatic Compounds Containing Oxygen

35. Ehrlich Diazo Test for Compounds Capable of Coupling

36. Colmant Chloranil Test

37. Fuming-Off Test with Concentrated Nitric Acid

38. Fusion Test with Benzoin

39. Sinter Test with Mercuric Cyanide

40. Detection of Compounds which Split Off Water or Ammonia when Heated to 190°

41. Detection of Compounds which Yield Ammonia when Pyrolyzed

42. Detection of Compounds which Yield Ammonia when Heated with Caustic Alkali and Devarda Alloy

43. Detection of Compounds which Split Off Water when Heated to 180°

44. Detection of Compounds Containing Reactive >CH2 and - NH2 Groups

45. Solubility Tests

Chapter 3. Detection of Characteristic Functional Groups in Organic Compounds

General Remarks

A. Groups Containing Carbon and Hydrogen

1. O- and N-Meihyl Compounds (-OCH3 and >NCH3 Groups)

2. Ethylene Derivatives (-CH2-CH2- Group)

3. Vinyl Compounds (-CH=CH2 Group)

4. Propenyl Compounds (-CH=CH-CH3 Group)

5. Allyl Compounds (>C-CH=C< Group)

6. Benzal Compounds (C6H5CH= Group)

B. Organic Halogen Compounds

7. Primary Halogenoalkyls (-CH2Hal Group)

8. Polyhalogen Compounds (-CHal3 and -CHHal2 Groups)

9. Organic Iodine Compounds

C. Oxygen Compounds (Organic Derivatives of Water)

10. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Alcohols

11. Primary and Secondary Alcohols

12. Secondary Alcohols

13. Enols

14. Phenols

15. Ethers (R-O-R Group)

16. Ethoxy Compounds (-OC2H5 Group)

17. Alkyl Phenyl Ethers

18. Carbonyl Compounds (>CO Group)

19. Aromatic and α,β-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds

20. Aldehydes (-CHO Group)

21. Aromatic Aldehydes

22. Aromatic and α,β-Unsaturated Aldehydes

23. Aliphatic Ketones (-CH2-CO- Group)

24. Methyl Ketones (CH3-CO- Group)

25. Acetonyl Compounds (CH3-CO-CH2- Group)

26. Carboxylic Acids (-COOH Group)

27. Aliphatic and Aromatic Polycarboxylic Acids and Aralkyl Monocarboxylic Acids

28. Esters of Carboxylic Acids (-COO(R, Ar) Group)

29. Alkyl Esters of Carboxylic Acids (-COOR Group)

30. Phenyl Esters of Carboxylic Acids (-COOAr Group)

31. Alkyl and Aryl Acetates (CH3-COO- Group)

32. Anhydrides and Imides of Carboxylic Acids (-CO-(O,NH)-CO- Group)

33. Carboxylic Acid Chlorides (-COCl Group)

D. Sulfur and Selenium Compounds

34. Thioketones and Thiols ( >CS and >CSH Groups)

35. Thiols (-SH Group)

36. Disulfides (-S-S- Group)

37. Xanthates (ROCSS-Group)

38. Aromatic Sulfinic Acids (ArSO2H Group)

39. Sulfones (>SO2 Group)

40. Aryl- and Aralkyl Sulfones

41. Sulfonic Acids (-SO3H Group)

42. Aliphatic Sulfonic Acids (R-SO3H Group)

43. Aromatic Sulfonic Acids (Ar-SO3H Group)

44. Esters and N-Organylamides of Sulfuric Acid

45. Sulfoxylate Compounds (-CH2-O-SONa Group)

46. Diselenides (-Se-Se- Group)

47. Seleninic Acids (-SeO2H Group)

E. Nitrogen Compounds

48. Primary, Secondary and Methyl-Bearing Tertiary Alkyl-, Aryl- and Acyl Amines

49. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Amines

50. Primary and Secondary Amines

51. Primary and Secondary Alkylamines

52. Primary and Secondary Arylamines and Secondary Vinylamines

53. Salts of Primary Amines

54. Aromatic Primary Amines

55. Secondary Amines

56. Aliphatic Secondary Amines

57. Tertiary Amines

58. Ethyl Amines (>NC2H5 Group)

59. Dialkylarylamines (Ar-NRR Group)

60. Amides of Carboxylic and Sulfonic Acids

61. Amides and Imides of Carboxylic Acids (-CO-NH- Group)

62. Amides of Aliphatic Carboxylic Acids (R-CONH2 Group)

63. N-Arylamides (RCONHAr Group)

64. Anilides of Carboxylic Acids ((R,Ar)CONHC6H5 G r o u p )

65. Anilides of Aliphatic Carboxylic Acids (RCONH-C5H6 Group)

66. Amidines (-C=NH-NH2 Group)

67. Guanidino Compounds (HN= C-NH-NH2 Group)

68. Nitriles (Cyanides) (-C≡N Group)

69. Aliphatic Nitriles (R-C≡N Group)

70. Compounds with -C≡N and >C=N- Groups

71. N-Cyano Compounds (>N-CN Group)

72. Hydrazine Compounds

73. Alkyl-, Aryl- and Acyl-Hydrazines (>N-NH2 Group)

74. Mono and Asym-di-Arylhydrazines (AR,R,H)AR>-N-NH2 Group)

75. Monoarylhydrazines (Ar-NHNH2 Group)

76. Monoarylhydrazones (>C=NNHAr Group)

77. Phenylhydrazones

78. Hydrazides of Carboxylic Acids (-CO-NHNH2 Group)

79. Acylphenylhydrazides (-CO-NH-NH-C6H5 Group)

80. Aldehyde Hydrazones (-CH=N-NH- Group)

81. Hydrazo Compounds (-NH-NH- Group)

82. Azo Compounds (-N=N- Group)

83. Azoxy Compounds (-N=+N


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About the Author

F. Feigl

V. Anger