Spherical Astronomy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123957023, 9780323149129

Spherical Astronomy

1st Edition

Authors: Edgar Woolard
eBook ISBN: 9780323149129
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1966
Page Count: 470
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Description

Spherical Astronomy provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of positional astronomy.

The text focuses on the principles of spherical astronomy and the theory of fundamental astronomical observations. Discussions are made on topics such as the celestial sphere and the nature of the reference systems of astronomy; the geometric aspects of the celestial sphere in relation to geographic position; systems of time measurement based on the rotation of the earth; and the inertial reference system.

Astronomers and astrophysicists will find the book highly insightful.

Table of Contents


Preface

The Astronomy of Position

Chapter 1 The Celestial Sphere and the Nature of the Reference Systems of Astronomy

Chapter 2 Celestial Coordinate Systems

The Local Horizon Coordinate System

The Coordinate Systems on the Rotating Celestial Sphere

Relative Coordinates

Coordinate Systems in Space

Chapter 3 The Geometric Aspects of the Celestial Sphere in Relation to Geographic Position

Geographic Coordinate Systems

Geocentric Coordinates

The Aspects of the Circles of the Sphere

Representation of the Positions of Celestial Bodies

Chapter 4 Parallax

Geocentric Parallax

Annual Parallax

Chapter 5 Astronomical Refraction

Approximate Refraction

Theories of Astronomical Refraction

Refraction Corrections to Astronomical Observations

Chapter 6 Aberration

The Aberration of Light

Stellar Aberration

Planetary Aberration

Chapter 7 The Apparent Diurnal Motions

The Rotation of the Celestial Sphere

The Apparent Diurnal Path

Chapter 8 The Dynamical Basis of the Astronomical Coordinate Systems

The Secular Motion of the Ecliptic

The Motion of the Earth Relative to Its Center of Mass

The Astronomical Vertical

Chapter 9 The Variations of the Local Reference System

The Local Horizon Coordinate System

Variations of Geographical Coordinates

Chapter 10 Determinations of Position in the Local Reference System

The Reduction of Observations in the Horizon Coordinate System

The Geographic Reference System

Chapter 11 Precession and Nutation

The General Precessional Motions

Nutation

Chapter 12 Variations of Ecliptic and Equatorial Coordinates from Precession and Nutation

Chapter 13 Ephemerides

The Variations in the Aspects of the Celestial Sphere from Precession and Nutation

The Reductions for Precession and Nutation in the Calculation and Observation of Apparent Positions

Chapter 14 The Measurement of Time

Chapter 15 Systems of Time Measurement Based on the Rotation of the Earth

Sidereal Time

Determination of Sidereal Time by Observation

Mean Solar Time

The Equation of Time

Chapter 16 Ephemeris Time

The Reduction of Mean Solar Time to a Uniform Measure of Time

Ephemeris Time

Chapter 17 The Construction of Observational Star Catalogs

Determination of Fundamental Positions by Meridian Observations

Differential Star Catalogs

Chapter 18 Fundamental Star Systems

The Construction of a Fundamental System

The Principal Fundamental Systems

Chapter 19 The Inertial Reference System

The Reference System of Observation

The Reference System of the Planetary Theory

The Determination of an Inertial System

The System of Astronomical Constants

Chapter 20 Historical Development of the Terminology of Spherical Astronomy

Index

Details

No. of pages:
470
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1966
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323149129

About the Author

Edgar Woolard