Description

Speech enhancement is a classical problem in signal processing, yet still largely unsolved. Two of the conventional approaches for solving this problem are linear filtering, like the classical Wiener filter, and subspace methods. These approaches have traditionally been treated as different classes of methods and have been introduced in somewhat different contexts. Linear filtering methods originate in stochastic processes, while subspace methods have largely been based on developments in numerical linear algebra and matrix approximation theory.

This book bridges the gap between these two classes of methods by showing how the ideas behind subspace methods can be incorporated into traditional linear filtering. In the context of subspace methods, the enhancement problem can then be seen as a classical linear filter design problem. This means that various solutions can more easily be compared and their performance bounded and assessed in terms of noise reduction and speech distortion. The book shows how various filter designs can be obtained in this framework, including the maximum SNR, Wiener, LCMV, and MVDR filters, and how these can be applied in various contexts, like in single-channel and multichannel speech enhancement, and in both the time and frequency domains.

Key Features

  • First short book treating subspace approaches in a unified way for time and frequency domains, single-channel, multichannel, as well as binaural, speech enhancement
  • Bridges the gap between optimal filtering methods and subspace approaches
  • Includes original presentation of subspace methods from different perspectives

Readership

Signal Processing researchers and R&D engineers in industry

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction

Abstract

1.1 History and Applications of Subspace Methods

1.2 Speech Enhancement from a Signal Subspace Perspective

1.3 Scope and Organization of the Work

References

Chapter 2. General Concept with the Diagonalization of the Speech Correlation Matrix

Abstract

2.1 Signal Model and Problem Formulation

2.2 Linear Filtering with a Rectangular Matrix

2.3 Performance Measures

2.4 Optimal Rectangular Filtering Matrices

References

Chapter 3. General Concept with the Joint Diagonalization of the Speech and Noise Correlation Matrices

Abstract

3.1 Signal Model and Problem Formulation

3.2 Linear Filtering with a Rectangular Matrix

3.3 Performance Measures

3.4 Optimal Rectangular Filtering Matrices

3.5 Another Signal Model

References

Chapter 4. Single-Channel Speech Enhancement in the Time Domain

Abstract

4.1 Signal Model and Problem Formulation

4.2 Linear Filtering with a Rectangular Matrix

4.3 Performance Measures

4.4 Optimal Rectangular Filtering Matrices

4.5 Single-Channel Noise Reduction Revisited

References

Chapter 5. Multichannel Speech Enhancement in the Time Domain

Abstract

5.1 Signal Model and Problem Formulation

5.2 Linear Filtering with a Rectangular Matrix

5.3 Performance Measures

5.4 Optimal Rectangular Filtering Matrices

References

Chapter 6. Multichannel Speech Enhancement in the Frequency Domain

Abstract

6.1 Signal Model and Problem Formulation

6.2 Linear Array Model

6.3 Performance Measures

6.4 Optimal Filters

References

Chapter 7. A Bayesian Approach to the Speech Subspace Estimation

Abstract

7.1 Signal Model and Problem Formulation

7.2 Estimation Based on the Minimum Mean

Details

No. of pages:
138
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780128001394
Electronic ISBN:
9780128002537