Speech and Language - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126086034, 9781483219912

Speech and Language, Volume 3

1st Edition

Advances in Basic Research and Practice

Editors: Norman J. Lass
eBook ISBN: 9781483219912
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th October 1980
Page Count: 326
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Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Contents of Previous Volumes

Theories of Phonological Development

I. Introduction

II. Early Theories of Phonological Development

III. Current Theories of Phonological Development

IV. Analysis of Phonological Theories

V. Problems Facing Phonological Theorists

References

Phonology and Phonetics as Part of the Language Encoding/Decoding System

I. Introduction

II. Language as an Encoding/Decoding System

III. Rules

IV. Phonological and Phonetic Encoding

V. Active Encoding/Decoding

VI. Constraint and Inhibition

VII. Time in Phonetics

VIII. Production for Perception

IX. Electrical to Mechanical Interface

X. The Idealized Form

XI. Departure from Ideal

XII. Automatic Phonetics?

XIII. Precision and Replication

XIV. Invariance

XV. Summary

References

The Application of Phonological Universals in Speech Pathology

I. Introduction

II. How Phonological Universals Are Manifested

III. Origin of Phonological Universals

IV. Parallels

V. What to Look for

VI. The Auditory Basis of Speech: Suggestions for Therapeutic Methods

VII. The Importance of Acoustic Modulations

VIII. Conclusion

References

The Pediatric Language Specialist: An Innovative Approach to Early Language Intervention and the Role of the Speech-Language Clinician

I. Introduction

II. Job Description of the Pediatric Language Specialist

III. Language Differences versus Language Deficits

IV. Preschool Programs: Head-Start and Day-Care Nursery Schools

V. Compensatory Education and Bidialectal-Bicultural Teaching

VI. Testing

VII. Programming for Developmental Language

VIII. Paralinguistics

IX. Self-Concept and the Rosenthal Effect

X. Summary Statement

References

Speech Perception: A Framework for Research and Theory

I. Introduction

II. Pattern Recognition

III. Contextual Influences

IV. Summary

References

Velopharyngeal Structure and Function: A Model for Biomechanical Analysis

I. Introduction

II. The Eighteenth Century and Before

III. The Nineteenth Century

IV. Twentieth Century: The First Two Decades

V. Wardill, Whillis, and Veau: 1928-1936

VI. The Next Ten Years: 1939-1949

VII. The Fifties: Beginnings Readdressed

VIII. The Sixties: Complexity and Simplicity

IX. The Seventies: Solutions and Debates

X. Discussion

XI. Potpourri

XII. Considerations in Biomechanical Analysis

References

Use of Feedback in Established and Developing Speech

I. Introduction

II. Control Mechanisms for Speech

III. Effects of Altered Feedback

IV. Feedback during Speech Acquisition

V. Control of Established Speech

VI. Conclusion

References

Delayed Auditory Feedback and Stuttering: Theoretical and Clinical Implications

I. Introduction

II. DAF Effect with Normal Speakers

III. DAF Effect with Stutterers

IV. Discussion

V. Conclusions

Appendix: DAF Bibliography, 1965-1979

References

Biofeedback: Theory and Application to Speech Pathology

I. Introduction

II. Speech Mechanisms as Closed-Cycle Systems

III. Interruption of Established Feedback Systems

IV. Biofeedback Intervention

V. Applications in Speech Pathology

VI. Potential Applications

VII. Research Needs in Biofeedback

VIII. Summary and Conclusions

References

Index

Description

Speech and Language: Volume 3, Advances in Basic Research and Practice is a compendium of papers that discusses theories, clinical issues, and pathology of language and speech. Some papers discuss theories of phonological development, the encoding/decoding system of language, and the application of phonological universals in speech pathology. Other papers deal with the role of the speech-language clinician, a psychological framework for speech perception, and the formulation of a model for biomechanical analysis of velopharyngeal structure and function. Several papers analyze speech control mechanisms in skilled and non-skilled speakers, the rationale for the delayed auditory feedback (DAF) treatment program, and biofeedback in relation to speech pathology. One paper cites a study of Williams (1974) that shows strategies used in learning a new phonetic system depend upon whether the speaker is still within the critical period for language learning or already well beyond it. The paper notes that if adults can ignore their previously learned sound system and be childlike again in their freedom to experiment and be sensitivity to their own results, then they can achieve supra-segmental and segmental nuances of a new language. The compendium can prove helpful for linguists, ethnologists, psychologists, speech therapists, researchers in linguistics or communications, and general readers interested in speech or learning issues.


Details

No. of pages:
326
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483219912

About the Editors

Norman J. Lass Editor