Speech and Language

Speech and Language

Advances in Basic Research and Practice

1st Edition - October 28, 1980

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  • Editor: Norman J. Lass
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219912

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Description

Speech and Language: Volume 3, Advances in Basic Research and Practice is a compendium of papers that discusses theories, clinical issues, and pathology of language and speech. Some papers discuss theories of phonological development, the encoding/decoding system of language, and the application of phonological universals in speech pathology. Other papers deal with the role of the speech-language clinician, a psychological framework for speech perception, and the formulation of a model for biomechanical analysis of velopharyngeal structure and function. Several papers analyze speech control mechanisms in skilled and non-skilled speakers, the rationale for the delayed auditory feedback (DAF) treatment program, and biofeedback in relation to speech pathology. One paper cites a study of Williams (1974) that shows strategies used in learning a new phonetic system depend upon whether the speaker is still within the critical period for language learning or already well beyond it. The paper notes that if adults can ignore their previously learned sound system and be childlike again in their freedom to experiment and be sensitivity to their own results, then they can achieve supra-segmental and segmental nuances of a new language. The compendium can prove helpful for linguists, ethnologists, psychologists, speech therapists, researchers in linguistics or communications, and general readers interested in speech or learning issues.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    Theories of Phonological Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Early Theories of Phonological Development

    III. Current Theories of Phonological Development

    IV. Analysis of Phonological Theories

    V. Problems Facing Phonological Theorists

    References

    Phonology and Phonetics as Part of the Language Encoding/Decoding System

    I. Introduction

    II. Language as an Encoding/Decoding System

    III. Rules

    IV. Phonological and Phonetic Encoding

    V. Active Encoding/Decoding

    VI. Constraint and Inhibition

    VII. Time in Phonetics

    VIII. Production for Perception

    IX. Electrical to Mechanical Interface

    X. The Idealized Form

    XI. Departure from Ideal

    XII. Automatic Phonetics?

    XIII. Precision and Replication

    XIV. Invariance

    XV. Summary

    References

    The Application of Phonological Universals in Speech Pathology

    I. Introduction

    II. How Phonological Universals Are Manifested

    III. Origin of Phonological Universals

    IV. Parallels

    V. What to Look for

    VI. The Auditory Basis of Speech: Suggestions for Therapeutic Methods

    VII. The Importance of Acoustic Modulations

    VIII. Conclusion

    References

    The Pediatric Language Specialist: An Innovative Approach to Early Language Intervention and the Role of the Speech-Language Clinician

    I. Introduction

    II. Job Description of the Pediatric Language Specialist

    III. Language Differences versus Language Deficits

    IV. Preschool Programs: Head-Start and Day-Care Nursery Schools

    V. Compensatory Education and Bidialectal-Bicultural Teaching

    VI. Testing

    VII. Programming for Developmental Language

    VIII. Paralinguistics

    IX. Self-Concept and the Rosenthal Effect

    X. Summary Statement

    References

    Speech Perception: A Framework for Research and Theory

    I. Introduction

    II. Pattern Recognition

    III. Contextual Influences

    IV. Summary

    References

    Velopharyngeal Structure and Function: A Model for Biomechanical Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. The Eighteenth Century and Before

    III. The Nineteenth Century

    IV. Twentieth Century: The First Two Decades

    V. Wardill, Whillis, and Veau: 1928-1936

    VI. The Next Ten Years: 1939-1949

    VII. The Fifties: Beginnings Readdressed

    VIII. The Sixties: Complexity and Simplicity

    IX. The Seventies: Solutions and Debates

    X. Discussion

    XI. Potpourri

    XII. Considerations in Biomechanical Analysis

    References

    Use of Feedback in Established and Developing Speech

    I. Introduction

    II. Control Mechanisms for Speech

    III. Effects of Altered Feedback

    IV. Feedback during Speech Acquisition

    V. Control of Established Speech

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    Delayed Auditory Feedback and Stuttering: Theoretical and Clinical Implications

    I. Introduction

    II. DAF Effect with Normal Speakers

    III. DAF Effect with Stutterers

    IV. Discussion

    V. Conclusions

    Appendix: DAF Bibliography, 1965-1979

    References

    Biofeedback: Theory and Application to Speech Pathology

    I. Introduction

    II. Speech Mechanisms as Closed-Cycle Systems

    III. Interruption of Established Feedback Systems

    IV. Biofeedback Intervention

    V. Applications in Speech Pathology

    VI. Potential Applications

    VII. Research Needs in Biofeedback

    VIII. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 326
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: October 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219912

About the Editor

Norman J. Lass

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