Speech and Language

Speech and Language

Advances in Basic Research and Practice

1st Edition - September 28, 1979

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  • Editor: Norman J. Lass
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219905

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Description

Speech and Language: Volume 2, Advances in Basic Research and Practice is a compendium of papers that discusses the processes and pathologies of speech and language, such as functional articulation disorders, lexical development, and a group therapy for treating stuttering. Some papers deal with vocal fold vibrations, childhood homonymy, framework for conversational speech behaviors, and vibrotactile testing. One paper cites studies of Hersen and Barlow (1976) that treatments warrant consideration only if these are powerful enough to effect obvious gains; and of Gilbert, McPeek, and Mosteller (1977) that treatment research is more likely to give modest than substantial gains—the degree of gains which can also be difficult to detect. Another paper examines suggestions for teaching words to language-disordered children, that when knowledge of normal language processes is applied in training approaches, effective and individualized programs will follow. Used in the treatment of stuttering, the Shaping Group, which employs action and many other treatment models, shows that its approach is effective. Another paper notes that before a surgical correction of voice disorders is undertaken, the importance of knowing the possible effects of various procedures on the voice should first be known. The compendium is well suited for linguists, ethnologists, psychologists, speech therapists, and researchers whose works involve linguistics, learning, communications, corrective surgery, and syntax.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Volume 1

    Functional Articulation Disorders: Preliminaries to Treatment

    I. Introduction

    II. Definition of Articulation Disorder

    III. Conceptualization of Articulation Therapy

    IV. Operant Conditioning

    V. Perceptual-Motor Learning

    VI. Phonological Disorders

    VII. Child Characteristics

    VIII. Conclusion

    References

    The Early Lexicons of Normal and Language-Disordered Children: Developmental and Training Considerations

    I. Introduction

    II. Characteristics of Early Lexical Development

    III. Training Considerations

    IV. Conclusion

    References

    The Shaping Group: Habituating New Behaviors in the Stutterer

    I. Introduction

    II. Treatment Models

    III. History and Development of Group Therapy

    IV. Shaping Group: Theory

    V. Shaping Group: Operational and Procedural Guidelines

    VI. The Role of the Group Leader

    VII. Variations in Shaping Group Procedures

    VIII. The Shaping Group with a Token Economy

    IX. Cognitive Aspects of the Shaping Group

    X. Summary

    References

    The New Theories of Vocal Fold Vibration

    I. Introduction

    II. Analysis of Laryngeal Airflow

    III. Two Degree-of-Freedom Model

    IV. Mechanics of the Vocal Fold

    References

    Homonymy and Sound Change in the Child's Acquisition of Phonology

    I. Historical Sound Change

    II. Child Speech Errors

    III. Tolerance of Homonyms

    IV. Developmental Stage

    V. Children's Detection of Their Own Errors

    VI. A Naturalistic Study

    VII. An Experiment

    References

    Conversational Speech Behaviors

    I. Introduction

    II. The Observational Framework

    III. Results

    IV. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Oral Vibrotactile Sensation and Perception: State of the Art

    I. Introduction

    II. History

    III. Oral Vibrotactile Threshold Testing

    IV. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: September 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219905

About the Editor

Norman J. Lass

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