Speech and Language

Speech and Language

Advances in Basic Research and Practice

1st Edition - September 28, 1979

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  • Editor: Norman J. Lass
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219899

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Description

Speech and Language: Volume 1, Advances in Basic Research and Practice is a compendium of papers that discusses the processes and pathologies of, as well as applies theories and clinical issues to, speech and language. Some papers discuss perception of speech in early infancy, the problems faced by speech clinicians, and the anatomy of the perioral motor system. Based on data compiled on the infant's perception of speech sounds, one paper notes that human infants discriminate depending on fine temporal and frequency changes in a complex auditory array. Infants also show perceptual constraints while listening to speech characterized as adult- like; they are also predisposed to perceive certain speech-sound categories such as vowel and fricative categories. One paper examines the suggestion of Kent (1976) that "acoustic characteristics of children's speech...hold the promise of sensitive methods for the study of speech maturation and developmental disorders." This investigation involves the following: the recent attempts at multidimensional analyses of speech and perception; a measure of perceptual contrast; and results of feature comparison efforts. The compendium is well suited for linguists, ethnologists, psychologists, and researchers whose works involve linguistics, language learning, communications, and syntax.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    The Perception of Speech in Early Infancy

    I. The Speech Perception Process: Three Instructive Exercises

    II. Models of the Perceptual Process

    III. The Perception of Speech Sounds by Infants

    IV. Comments on Issues in Infant Speech Perception

    V. Beyond the Data: Understanding the Nature and Origins of Early Predispositions Toward Speech and Language

    VI. Applying Basic Science Findings to Early Diagnosis of Speech and Language Disorders

    VII. Directions for the Future

    VIII. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Acoustic-Perceptual Methods for Evaluation of Defective Speech

    I. A General Background and Rationale

    II. Acoustic Phonetics and the Clinic: Some Suggestions

    III. Summary and Some Concluding Statements

    References

    Linguistic and Motor Aspects of Stuttering

    I. Introduction

    II. Linguistic Determinants of Stuttering

    III. Motor Determinants of Stuttering

    IV. Linguistic and Motor Models of Stuttering

    V. Stuttering Therapy Approaches Involving Linguistic and Motor Awareness

    VI. Linguistic and Motor Aspects of Stuttering: Current Status and Future Directions

    References

    Anatomic Studies of the Perioral Motor System: Foundations for Studies in Speech Physiology

    I. A Rationale for Anatomic Investigation of the Perioral Musculature

    II. Characteristics of the Perioral Muscles

    III. Cadaveric Material

    IV. Qualitative Descriptions: Line Tracings of Perioral Muscle Topology (Study 1)

    V. Quantitative Descriptions: Direct Measures of Perioral Muscle Topology (Study 2)

    VI. Empirical Validation of Electrode Placements Recommended for the Perioral Muscles (Study 3)

    VII. A Set of Preliminary Specifications for Electrode Placements in the Perioral Muscles

    VIII. Conclusions

    Appendix A: Specimen Specifications

    Appendix B: Surface Landmark Measures

    Appendix C: Tabulated Results

    References

    Acoustic Characteristics of Normal and Pathological Voices

    I. Auditory and Visual Methods

    II. Acoustic Symptoms of Laryngeal Pathology

    III. Acoustic Techniques for Voice Analysis

    IV. Voice Profiles

    V. Statistical Analysis of Normal and Pathological Data

    VI. Quantitative Assessment of Voice Therapy

    VII. Summary and Future Investigations

    Appendix A: Linear Model of Voiced Speech Production

    Appendix B: Computer Program for Acoustic Analysis

    References

    Synergy: Toward a Model of Language

    I. Historical Approaches to the Study of Language

    II. Synergy of Language: A Rationale

    III. Evidence for Synergistic Relationships

    IV. Discussion and Implications

    References

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 382
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: September 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483219899

About the Editor

Norman J. Lass

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