Specialist Yarn and Fabric Structures - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781845697570, 9780857093936

Specialist Yarn and Fabric Structures

1st Edition

Developments and Applications

Editors: R H Gong
eBook ISBN: 9780857093936
Hardcover ISBN: 9781845697570
Paperback ISBN: 9780081016817
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 14th September 2011
Page Count: 384
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

Chapter 1: Compound yarns


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Types of compound yarns

1.3 Production methods for compound yarns

1.4 Applications of compound yarns

1.5 Future trends in compound yarns

Chapter 2: Developments in hybrid yarns


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Types of hybrid yarns and their development

2.3 Basic structures and properties of hybrid yarns

2.4 Production methods for hybrid yarns

2.5 Applications of hybrid yarns

2.6 Future trends in hybrid yarns

2.7 Acknowledgements

Chapter 3: Developments in rope structures and technology


3.1 Introduction

3.2 New fibres

3.3 Laid ropes

3.4 Braided ropes

3.5 Low-twist ropes

3.6 Manufacturing technology

3.7 Terminations

3.8 Uses of ropes

3.9 Conclusions

Chapter 4: Developments in fancy yarns


4.1 Introduction to fancy yarns

4.2 Historical development

4.3 Types of fancy yarns and their development

4.4 Production methods for fancy yarns

4.5 Applications for fancy yarns

4.6 Future trends in fancy yarns

4.7 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 5: Developments in 3D knitted structures


5.1 Introduction to 3D knitted structures

5.2 Multiaxial warp-knitted fabrics

5.3 Space fabrics (or sandwich fabrics)

5.4 Fully-fashioned 3D knitted fabrics (or near-net-shaped knitted fabrics)

Chapter 6: Developments in leno-weave fabrics


6.1 Introduction to leno-weave fabrics

6.2 The structure of leno-weave fabrics

6.3 Fabrics with leno-weave

6.4 The production of leno-weave fabric

6.5 Properties of leno-weave fabrics

6.6 Applications of leno-weave fabrics

6.7 Future trends in leno-weave fabrics

Chapter 7: Developments in triaxial woven fabrics


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Basic patterns

7.3 A history of triaxial woven fabrics

7.4 Classification

7.5 Variations

7.6 Properties

7.7 Advantages

7.8 Applications

7.9 Aesthetics

7.10 Manufacturing

7.11 Future trends

7.12 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 8: Interwoven fabrics and their applications


8.1 Introduction

8.2 Structure and design

8.3 Properties and applications

8.4 Future trends

Chapter 9: Pile carpets


9.1 Market background

9.2 Environmental considerations

9.3 Pile fibres

9.4 Pile yarns

9.5 Tufting

9.6 Backing materials, back-coating and laminating

9.7 Wireloom weaving

9.8 Face-to-face weaving

9.9 Axminster weaving

9.10 Needling

9.11 Other methods of manufacture

9.12 Coloration

9.13 Chemical and other treatments

9.14 Textile sports surfaces

9.15 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 10: Developments in Jacquard woven fabrics


10.1 Introduction to Jacquard woven fabrics

10.2 Jacquard construction

10.3 Converting artwork to woven Jacquard patterns

10.4 Recent developments in Jacquard systems

10.5 Patterns in Jacquard woven fabrics

10.6 Applications of Jacquard woven fabrics

10.7 Relationship between structures and properties of Jacquard woven fabrics

10.8 Future trends in Jacquard woven fabrics

10.9 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 11: Developments in 3D nonwovens


11.1 Introduction

11.2 High-bulk flat nonwovens

11.3 Shaped 3D nonwovens

11.4 Future trends

Chapter 12: Flocked fabrics and structures


12.1 Introduction

12.2 The theory of fiber coating

12.3 Flock fibers and preparation

12.4 Flocking substrates

12.5 Adhesives for flocking

12.6 Flocking processes

12.7 Testing and quality assurance

12.8 New developments in the application of flocked fabrics and structures

12.9 Conclusions and future trends

12.10 Sources of further information and advice

12.11 Acknowledgements

Chapter 13: Knotted fabrics


13.1 Introduction

13.2 Types of knotted fabrics

13.3 Production methods for knotted fabrics

13.4 Applications for knotted fabrics

13.5 Future trends for knotted fabrics

Chapter 14: Developments in braided fabrics


14.1 Introduction

14.2 Braiding

14.3 Classifying braids

14.4 The geometry of the braided structure

14.5 Applications of braided fabrics

14.6 Future trends in braided fabrics



Specialist yarn, woven and fabric structures are key elements in the manufacturing process of many different types of textiles with a variety of applications. This book explores a number of different specialist structures, discussing the developments in technology and manufacturing processes that have taken place in recent years.

With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Specialist yarn, woven and fabric structures is essential reading for all textile researchers, technicians, engineers and technologies, and will also be suitable for academic purposes.

Key Features

  • Looks at developments that have occurred in the manufacturing of specialist yarn, weave and fabric structures
  • Discusses different types of specialist yarn structures, such as hybrid, fancy and compound yarns
  • Offers insight into multicomponent fabric structures such as 3D nonwovens, flocked, knotted and jacquard woven fabrics


Textile researchers, technicians, engineers and technologies, and will also be suitable for academic purposes.


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© Woodhead Publishing 2011
Woodhead Publishing
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Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

R H Gong Editor

Hugh Gong graduated from Dong Hua University in Shanghai in 1984 with a degree in mechanical engineering, and gained his doctorate in textile technology from the University of Manchester in 1989. Between 1990 and 1993 he managed the Coats Viyella Marks & Spencer Centre of Excellence on Fabric Properties at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), and was responsible for initiating and managing industrial projects for fabric and clothing manufacturers in the UK. From 1992 until the present time he has been lecturing and researching in yarns and nonwovens technologies in the Department of Textiles at UMIST.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Manchester, UK