Specialist Yarn and Fabric Structures

Specialist Yarn and Fabric Structures

Developments and Applications

1st Edition - September 14, 2011

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  • Editor: R H Gong
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093936
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016817

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Specialist yarn, woven and fabric structures are key elements in the manufacturing process of many different types of textiles with a variety of applications. This book explores a number of different specialist structures, discussing the developments in technology and manufacturing processes that have taken place in recent years.With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Specialist yarn, woven and fabric structures is essential reading for all textile researchers, technicians, engineers and technologies, and will also be suitable for academic purposes.

Key Features

  • Looks at developments that have occurred in the manufacturing of specialist yarn, weave and fabric structures
  • Discusses different types of specialist yarn structures, such as hybrid, fancy and compound yarns
  • Offers insight into multicomponent fabric structures such as 3D nonwovens, flocked, knotted and jacquard woven fabrics


Textile researchers, technicians, engineers and technologies, and will also be suitable for academic purposes.

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

    Chapter 1: Compound yarns


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Types of compound yarns

    1.3 Production methods for compound yarns

    1.4 Applications of compound yarns

    1.5 Future trends in compound yarns

    Chapter 2: Developments in hybrid yarns


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Types of hybrid yarns and their development

    2.3 Basic structures and properties of hybrid yarns

    2.4 Production methods for hybrid yarns

    2.5 Applications of hybrid yarns

    2.6 Future trends in hybrid yarns

    2.7 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 3: Developments in rope structures and technology


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 New fibres

    3.3 Laid ropes

    3.4 Braided ropes

    3.5 Low-twist ropes

    3.6 Manufacturing technology

    3.7 Terminations

    3.8 Uses of ropes

    3.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Developments in fancy yarns


    4.1 Introduction to fancy yarns

    4.2 Historical development

    4.3 Types of fancy yarns and their development

    4.4 Production methods for fancy yarns

    4.5 Applications for fancy yarns

    4.6 Future trends in fancy yarns

    4.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Developments in 3D knitted structures


    5.1 Introduction to 3D knitted structures

    5.2 Multiaxial warp-knitted fabrics

    5.3 Space fabrics (or sandwich fabrics)

    5.4 Fully-fashioned 3D knitted fabrics (or near-net-shaped knitted fabrics)

    Chapter 6: Developments in leno-weave fabrics


    6.1 Introduction to leno-weave fabrics

    6.2 The structure of leno-weave fabrics

    6.3 Fabrics with leno-weave

    6.4 The production of leno-weave fabric

    6.5 Properties of leno-weave fabrics

    6.6 Applications of leno-weave fabrics

    6.7 Future trends in leno-weave fabrics

    Chapter 7: Developments in triaxial woven fabrics


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Basic patterns

    7.3 A history of triaxial woven fabrics

    7.4 Classification

    7.5 Variations

    7.6 Properties

    7.7 Advantages

    7.8 Applications

    7.9 Aesthetics

    7.10 Manufacturing

    7.11 Future trends

    7.12 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 8: Interwoven fabrics and their applications


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Structure and design

    8.3 Properties and applications

    8.4 Future trends

    Chapter 9: Pile carpets


    9.1 Market background

    9.2 Environmental considerations

    9.3 Pile fibres

    9.4 Pile yarns

    9.5 Tufting

    9.6 Backing materials, back-coating and laminating

    9.7 Wireloom weaving

    9.8 Face-to-face weaving

    9.9 Axminster weaving

    9.10 Needling

    9.11 Other methods of manufacture

    9.12 Coloration

    9.13 Chemical and other treatments

    9.14 Textile sports surfaces

    9.15 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 10: Developments in Jacquard woven fabrics


    10.1 Introduction to Jacquard woven fabrics

    10.2 Jacquard construction

    10.3 Converting artwork to woven Jacquard patterns

    10.4 Recent developments in Jacquard systems

    10.5 Patterns in Jacquard woven fabrics

    10.6 Applications of Jacquard woven fabrics

    10.7 Relationship between structures and properties of Jacquard woven fabrics

    10.8 Future trends in Jacquard woven fabrics

    10.9 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 11: Developments in 3D nonwovens


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 High-bulk flat nonwovens

    11.3 Shaped 3D nonwovens

    11.4 Future trends

    Chapter 12: Flocked fabrics and structures


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 The theory of fiber coating

    12.3 Flock fibers and preparation

    12.4 Flocking substrates

    12.5 Adhesives for flocking

    12.6 Flocking processes

    12.7 Testing and quality assurance

    12.8 New developments in the application of flocked fabrics and structures

    12.9 Conclusions and future trends

    12.10 Sources of further information and advice

    12.11 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 13: Knotted fabrics


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Types of knotted fabrics

    13.3 Production methods for knotted fabrics

    13.4 Applications for knotted fabrics

    13.5 Future trends for knotted fabrics

    Chapter 14: Developments in braided fabrics


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Braiding

    14.3 Classifying braids

    14.4 The geometry of the braided structure

    14.5 Applications of braided fabrics

    14.6 Future trends in braided fabrics


Product details

  • No. of pages: 384
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2011
  • Published: September 14, 2011
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093936
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016817

About the Editor

R H Gong

Hugh Gong graduated from Dong Hua University in Shanghai in 1984 with a degree in mechanical engineering, and gained his doctorate in textile technology from the University of Manchester in 1989. Between 1990 and 1993 he managed the Coats Viyella Marks & Spencer Centre of Excellence on Fabric Properties at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), and was responsible for initiating and managing industrial projects for fabric and clothing manufacturers in the UK. From 1992 until the present time he has been lecturing and researching in yarns and nonwovens technologies in the Department of Textiles at UMIST.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Manchester, UK

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