Special Topics

Special Topics

1st Edition - October 28, 1982

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  • Editors: H. S. W. Massey, E. W. McDaniel, B. Bederson
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483281711

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Description

Applied Atomic Collision Physics, Volume 5: Special Topics deals with topics on applications of atomic collisions that were not covered in the first four volumes of the treatise. The book opens with a chapter on ultrasensitive chemical detectors. This is followed by separate chapters on lighting, magnetohydrodynamic electrical power generation, gas breakdown and high voltage insulating gases, thermionic energy converters, and charged particle detectors. Subsequent chapters deal with the operation of multiwire drift and proportional chambers and streamer chambers and their use in high energy physics experiments; photoelectron spectroscopy of negative ions and the chemical information that can be obtained from such studies; and the determination of intermolecular potentials. Also discussed are studies on the determination of ion molecular potential curves using photodissociative processes; determination of negative ion thermo chemical data using ion-neutral reactions; gas-phase chemical reactions; collision phenomena in electrical discharge lamps; and military applications of atomic and molecular physics.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Treatise Preface

    Preface

    1 Ultra-sensitive Chemical Detectors

    I. Introduction

    II. Common Factors

    III. Calibration

    IV. Signal Amplification and Processing

    V. Ion Chamber Design

    VI. The Ultra-sensitive Detectors. The Electron Capture Detector (ECD)

    VII. The Flame Ionization Detector (FID)

    VIII. The Photoionization Detector (PID)

    IX. Penning Effect Detectors (PED)

    X. Chemiluminescent Detectors (CLD)

    XI. Conclusions

    References

    2 Lightning

    I. Introduction and Brief History

    II. Summary of Lightning Observations

    III. Cloud Electrification

    IV. Lightning Initiation

    V. Propagation of Leaders and Growth of Channels

    VI. Electronacoustic Waves

    VII. Energy Storage along the Column

    VIII. Intermittent Recharging

    IX. The Electrode Step

    X. Return Strokes

    XI. Column Expansion and Thunder

    XII. Subsequent Strokes

    XIII. Continuing Currents

    XIV. Other Modes

    XV. M Strokes

    XVI. Terrestrial Charge Balance

    XVII. Ball Lightning

    XVIII. Lightning Protection

    Summary

    References

    3 Magnetohydrodynamic Electrical Power Generation

    I. Introduction

    II. Modeling the Plasma

    III. Plasma Composition

    IV. Collision Cross Section

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    4 Gas Breakdown and High Voltage Insulating Gases

    I. Introduction

    II. Gas Breakdown

    III. Key Collision Processes of Direct Relevance to Gas Breakdown and High Voltage Insulation

    IV. The Role of Basic Knowledge of Collision Processes in the Development of High Voltage Insulating Gases

    V. Engineering Aspects

    VI. Examples of Applications of Gaseous Dielectrics

    VII. Concluding Remarks

    References

    5 Thermionic Energy Conversion

    I. Introduction

    II. The Ideal Diode Thermionic Converter as a Reference Case

    III. Phenomenological Description of Plasma Diode Thermionic Converter

    IV. Fundamental Description of the Plasma Diode Thermionic Converter

    V. Numerical Results

    VI. Basic and Practical Frontiers

    References

    6 Single-Particle Detection: Gaseous Devices

    I. Introduction

    II. Conventional Radiation Detectors

    III. Resonance Ionization of Gases

    IV. Detection of Stable Atoms

    V. Detection of Daughter Atoms in Radioactive Decay

    References

    7 Gas-Filled Radiation Detectors in High Energy Physics

    I. Introduction

    II. Principles of Operation of Multiwire Proportional and Drift Chambers

    III. The Use of Drift and Multiwire Proportional Chambers in High Energy Physics Experiments

    IV. Streamer Chambers

    V. New Techniques for the 1980s

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    8 Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Method

    III. Atomic Negative Ions

    IV. Molecular Negative Ions

    V. Conclusion and Prospects

    References

    9 Determination of Intermolecular Potentials

    I. Introduction and Historical Background

    II. Theoretical Calculations

    III. Spectroscopic Observations

    IV. Beam Scattering

    V. Bulk Properties

    VI. Discussion

    References

    10 Determination of Ion Molecular Potential Curves Using Photodissociative Processes

    I. Introduction

    II. Experimental Techniques

    III. Types of Photodissociation Transitions

    IV. Direct Photodissociation

    V. Photopredissociation

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    11 Determination of Negative Ion Thermochemical Data Using Ion-Neutral Reactions

    I. Introduction

    II. Electron Affinity

    III. Negative Ion Bond Dissociation Energies

    IV. Negative Ion Isomeric Species

    V. Summary

    References

    12 The Study of Gas-Phase Chemical Reactions

    I. Introduction

    II. Techniques and Applications

    III. Future Directions

    References

    13 Combustion and Flames

    I. Introduction

    II. Some Experimental Methods

    III. Properties of Refractory Species

    IV. Combustion Reactions

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    14 Collision Phenomena in Electrical Discharge Lamps

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification of Electrical Discharge Lamps

    III. Fundamental Basis for High Efficiency of Low Pressure Discharge Lamps

    IV. Cross Sections of Importance

    V. Ignition Phenomena

    VI. Summary

    References

    15 Collision Kinetics in Gas Dynamics

    I. Introduction

    II. The Continuum under Expanded or Supersonic Free Jet

    III. Applications of Free Jet Expansions

    References

    16 Military Applications of Atomic and Molecular Physics

    I. Introduction

    II. Atmospheric Modeling

    III. Laser Applications

    IV. High Energy Particle Beams

    V. Plume Signatures

    VI. Precision Timing

    VII. Atomic Magnetometers

    VIII. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Gyroscope

    IX. Atomic Filters/Detectors

    X. Conclusions

    References

    Appendix I Sources of Information on Atomic Collisions Cross Sections and Reaction Rates in the Gas Phase

    Appendix II Sources of Information on Structural and Spectral Properties of Atoms, Molecules, and Ions

    Index 429

Product details

  • No. of pages: 464
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: October 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483281711

About the Editors

H. S. W. Massey

E. W. McDaniel

B. Bederson

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