Special Purpose Computers describes special-purpose computers and compares them to general-purpose computers in terms of speed and cost. Examples of computers that were designed for the efficient solution of long established algorithms are given, including Navier-Stokes hydrodynamic solvers, classical molecular dynamic machines, and Ising model computers.
Comprised of seven chapters, this volume begins by documenting the progress of the CalTech Concurrent Computation Program and its evolution from computational high-energy physics to a supercomputer initiative, with emphasis on the lessons learned including computer architecture issues and the trade-offs between in-house and commercial development. The reader is then introduced to the QCD Machine, a special-purpose parallel supercomputer that was designed and built to solve the lattice quantum chromodynamics problem. Subsequent chapters focus on the Geometry-Defining Processors and their application to the solution of partial differential equations; the Navier-Stokes computer; parallel processing using the Loosely Coupled Array of Processors (LCAP) system; and the Delft Ising system processor. The design and implementation of the Delft molecular-dynamics processor are also described.
This book will be of interest to computer engineers and designers.
Chapter 1 The Hypercube and the Caltech Concurrent Computation Program: A Microcosm of Parallel Computing
Chapter 2 The QCD Machine
Chapter 3 Geometry-Defining Processors for Partial Differential Equations
Chapter 4 Navier-Stokes Computer
Chapter 5 Parallel Processing with the Loosely Coupled Array of Processors System
Chapter 6 Design and Implementation of the Delft Molecular-Dynamics Processor
Chapter 7 The Delft Ising System Processor
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- © Academic Press 1988
- 28th November 1988
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN: