Special Distillation Processes

Special Distillation Processes

2nd Edition - August 21, 2021

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  • Authors: Zhigang Lei, Chengna Dai, Biaohua Chen, Zhongwei Ding
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128205075
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128205112

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Special Distillation Processes, Second Edition focuses on the latest developments in the field, such as separation methods that may prove useful for solving problems encountered during research. Topics include extraction, membrane and adsorption distillation involving the separation principle, process design and experimental techniques. The relationship between processes and techniques are also presented. Comprehensive and easy-to-read, this book provides key information needed to understand processes. It will be a valuable reference source for chemical engineers and students wishing to branch out in chemical engineering.

Key Features

  • Provides the only comprehensive book available on special distillation processes
  • Contains a thorough introduction to recent developments in the field
  • Presents a valuable reference for students, academics and engineers in chemical engineering


Chemical engineers and scientists in research
teachers, third and fourth year college students and first year graduates in chemical engineering

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    Chapter 1. Thermodynamic fundamentals

    1. Predictive molecular thermodynamic models
      1. COSMO-based models
      2. UNIFAC-based models
      3. COSMO-UNIFAC models

    2. Vapor-liquid phase equilibrium
      1. Equilibrium ratio
      2. Liquid-phase activity coefficients

    3. Vapor-liquid-liquid phase equilibrium
    4. Salt effect
    5. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamic analysis
    6. Multi-component mass transfer



    Chapter 2. Extractive distillation

    1. Introduction
    2. Process of extractive distillation
      1. Column sequence
      2. Combination with other separation processes
      3. Tray configuration
      4. Operation policy

    3. Solvent of extractive distillation
      1. Extractive distillation with solid salt
      2. Extractive distillation with liquid solvent
      3. Extractive distillation with the combination of liquid solvent and solid salt
      4. Extractive distillation with ionic liquids

    4. Experimental techniques of extractive distillation
      1. Direct method
      2. Gas-liquid chromatography method
      3. Ebulliometric method
      4. Inert gas stripping and gas chromatography method

    5. CAMD of extractive distillation
      1. CAMD for screening solvents
      2. Other methods for screening solvents

    6. Theory of extractive distillation
      1. Prausnitz and Anderson theory
      2. Scaled particle theory
      3. Anion effect

    7. Mathematical models of extractive distillation
      1. EQ stage model
      2. NEQ stage model



    Chapter 3. Azeotropic distillation

        1.   Introduction

        2.   Separation principle

        3.   Entrainer selection

        4.   Mathematical models

    4.1. Graphical method

    4.2. EQ and NEQ stage models

    4.3. Multiple steady-state analysis

         5.   Industrial applications



    Chapter 4. Catalytic distillation

    1. Fixed-bed catalytic distillation
      1. FCD advantages
      2. Hardware structures
      3. Mathematical models

    2. Suspension catalytic distillation
    3. Catalytic distillation with dividing wall column



    Chapter 5. Adsorption distillation

    1. Fixed-bed adsorption distillation
      1. Introduction
      2. Thermodynamic interpretation
      3. Comparison of FAD and extractive distillation

    2. Suspension adsorption distillation
      1. Introduction
      2. Thermodynamic interpretation

    3. New development on adsorptive absorption



    Chapter 6. Membrane distillation

    1. Introduction
    2. Separation principle
      1. MD phenomenon
      2. Definition of MD process
      3. Membrane characteristics
      4. Membrane wetting
      5. MD configurations
      6. MD advantages

    3. Transport process
      1. Heat transfer
      2. Mass transfer
      3. Mechanism of gas transport in porous medium
      4. Characteristics of porous membrane

    4. Mathematical models
      1. Mathematical models of DCMD
      2. Performance analysis of DCMD
      3. Mathematical models of VMD
      4. Performance analysis of VMD
      5. Mathematical models of AGMD
      6. Performance analysis of AGMD

    5. Module performance
      1. Performance of flat sheet membrane module
      2. Performance of hollow fibre membrane module

    6. Industrial applications
      1. Desalination
      2. Concentration of aqueous solution
      3. Separation of volatile components



    Chapter 7. Pressure-swing distillation

    1. Introduction
      1. Separation principle
      2. Operation modes

    2. Design of PDS
      1. Column sequence
      2. Column number

    3. Comparison among different special distillation processes



    Chapter 8. Pressure-swing distillation

    1. High viscosity materials distillation
      1. Introduction
      2. CFD design of high-efficiency flow-guided sieve tray
      3. Industrial application of high-efficiency flow-guided sieve tray

    2. Thermally coupled distillation
      1. Introduction
      2. Design and synthesis of TCD
      3. Application of TCD in special distillation processes

    3. Heat pump and multi-effect distillations
    4. Molecular distillation



Product details

  • No. of pages: 402
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2021
  • Published: August 21, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128205075
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128205112

About the Authors

Zhigang Lei

Zhigang Lei was born in Hubei province (China) in 1973. He received his B.S. degree in 1995 from Wuhan Institute of Technology, and Ph.D. degree in 2000 from Tsinghua University. Then, he became a postdoctoral researcher in Beijing University of Chemical Technology working with Professor Chengyue Li. In 2003 – 2005, he worked as a researcher in Research Center of Supercritical Fluid Technology (Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan). In 2005 – 2006, he got the world-famous Humboldt Fellowship and carried out his research in Chair of Separation Science and Technology (Universität Erlange-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany). In 2006, he came back to China. He is now a Professor in State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering (BUCT, China). His current research interests include chemical process intensification and predictive molecular thermodynamics. He has contributed to about 140 papers in international journals and one book entitled “Special Distillation Processes” published by Elsevier B.V. (2005).

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China

Chengna Dai

Chengna Dai was born in Hebei province (China) in 1984 and received her Ph.D. in 2013 from Beijing University of Chemical Technology (BUCT) under the supervision of Prof. Zhigang Lei. Thereafter she worked in BUCT to 2018, and then she works in Beijing University of Technology as an Associate Professor. Her current research interest is the reaction and separation science with ionic liquids as well as the corresponding predictive molecular thermodynamics. She has contributed to more than 50 papers in international journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China

Biaohua Chen

Biaohua Chen was born in Jiangxi province (China) in 1963. He received his Ph.D. degree in 1996 from China University of Petroleum (Beijing). In 2000, he was a visiting scholar at Washington University in St. Louis and the University of Washington. He has received two National Science and Technology Progress Prize (second class), and a few provincial or ministerial level prizes. Now he is a member of the Standing Committee of Beijing Chemical Industry Association and a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Petrochemical Universities (China). His main research interests are environmental and green chemistry. He has contributed to more than 150 papers in international journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing, China

Zhongwei Ding

Zhongwei Ding is the professor of chemical engineering at Beijing University of Chemical technology. He received B.S. degree from Qingdao Institution of Chemical Technology in 1991, and M.S. and Ph.D. degree from Beijing University of Chemical Technology in 1994 and 2001, respectively. From 1994 to 1998, he worked as a computer programmer of process simulation software. Since 1999, he has conducted research work on membrane science and technology for twenty years, mainly focusing on membrane distillation, microfiltration, membrane contactors, and gas separation by membrane. He has authored and coauthored over 80 research papers and five books.

Affiliations and Expertise

State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China

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