Explores the principles and practical considerations of spatial sound recording and reproduction. Particular emphasis is given to the increasing importance of multichannel surround sound and 3D audio, including binaural approaches, without ignoring conventional stereo. The enhancement of spatial quality is arguably the only remaining hurdle to be overcome in pursuit of high quality sound reproduction. The rise of increasingly sophisticated spatial sound systems presents an enormous challenge to audio engineers, many of whom are confused by the possibilities and unfamiliar with standards, formats, track allocations, monitoring configurations and recording techniques. The author provides a comprehensive study of the current state of the art in spatial audio, concentrating on the most widely used approaches and configurations. Anyone wishing to expand their understanding of these cutting-edge technologies will want to own this book.

Key Features

Keep up to date with the latest technology - 3D audio, surround sound and multichannel recording techniques Enables you to cut through the common confusions and problems associated with the subject Further your knowledge with this comprehensive study of the very latest spatial audio technologies and techniques


Students and lecturers on sound recording and music technology degree courses worldwide. Film and video producers, directors, audio engineers, audio technicians, studio engineers, studio technicians. Internet providers who include access to audio material. Audio engineers working in home entertainment, and in mobile phones and satellite/cable television. Continuing professional development for professionals already in the field. Home audio enthusiasts.

Table of Contents

The spatial dimensions in natural sound; Sound sources in space; Introduction to the spatial dimension in reproduced sound; From mono to surround sound and 3D audio - a brief resume; Applications of spatial audio; Sound source localisation; Distance and depth perception; Apparent source width; Envelopment and spaciousness; Naturalness; Some subjective experiments involving spatial attributes of reproduced sound; Cognitive issues in sound space perception; The source-receiver signal chain; Two-channel (2-0) stereo; Binaural sound and 3D audio systems; Three-channel (3-0) stereo; 4-channel surround (3-1 stereo); 5.1 channel surround (3-2 stereo); Other multichannel configurations; Surround sound systems; Matrixed surround sound systems; Digital surround sound formats; Ambisonics; Introduction to listening room acoustics; International guidelines for surround sound room acoustics; Loudspeakers for surround sound: placement and directivity; Monitor level alignment; Virtual control room acoustics and monitors; Science versus aesthetics in spatial recording; Two-channel microphone techniques; Spot microphones and two-channel panning laws; Three-channel techniques; Surround sound recording techniques; Multichannel panning techniques; Artificial reverberation and room simulation; Surround sound mixing aesthetics; Upmixing and downmixing; References


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© 2001
Focal Press
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"This comprehensive and highly readable book collects together all that vital underpinning knowledge that you ought to have at your fingertips... with very little in the way of maths or circuit diagrams to challenge those of us who aren't academic by nature... Technical explanations are lucid and informative and there's some good practical advice too. Would I recommend it to readers of Line-Up? Certainly. Not only will it help you deal with earnest enquirers about Dolby 5.1, but it will also consolidate your understanding of some of the fundamental aspects of our trade. If you're recording or mixing stereo or multichannel sound it could even help you do your job better." Malcolm Nelson, Line-Up magazine