Space Research

Space Research

Proceedings of the Open Meetings of the Working Groups on Physical Sciences of the Twentieth Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Tel Aviv, Israel, 7-18 June 1977

1st Edition - June 19, 1978

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  • Editors: M. J. Rycroft, A. C. Stickland
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483159812

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Cospar Space Research, Volume XVII covers the proceedings of the Open Meetings of the Working Groups on Physical Sciences of the 20th Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, held in Tel Aviv, Israel, on June 7-18, 1977. The book focuses on remote sensing of the earth's environment, atmospheric response to solar and geomagnetic activity, ionosphere, magnetosphere, moon and planets, and cosmic dust. The selection first reviews the development of space research, including sensing the earth from spacecraft; resources, weather, and climate; solar wind and its interactions; galactic system; and the moon and planets. The book also takes a look at the depression of remotely sensed surface temperatures by a dust-laden tropical atmosphere and forest fire fuel mapping from LANDSAT. The text describes the effects of UV variability on stratospheric thermal structure and trace constituents; estimates of the stratospheric temperature variation in response to changes of the flux of solar UV radiation; and electrical conductivity measurements in the stratosphere using balloon and parachute-born blunt probes. The publication also discusses the composition of the mid-latitude winter mesosphere and lower thermosphere and global thermospheric models of neutral density, exospheric temperature, and turbopause height. The selection is a fine reference for readers interested in space research.

Table of Contents

  • Contents



    Highlights of Recent Space Research

    A Review of Space Research, 1976 - 1977

    Remote Sensing of the Earth's Environment


    The Depression of Remotely-Sensed Surface Temperatures by a Dust-Laden Tropical Atmosphere

    Interet de la Teledetection de la Couleur de l!Eau de Mer Pour l'Etude des Suspensions Marines

    Forest Fire Fuel Mapping from LANDSAT


    Antarctic Ice Topography and 150 mb Circulation from the Nimbus-6 Twer le Experiment

    The Impact of Satellite Observed Temperature Profiles on Numerical Forecasts of the Israel Meteorological Service

    Temperature Distribution from Radiosonde and Satellite Measurements

    Comparison of the High-Resolution Infra-Red Sounder Temperature

    Information with Radiosonde/Rocketsonde Data

    Relative Atmosphere Aerosol Content f rom ERTS Observations

    The Sensitivity Requirements for the Determination of Desert Aerosols from Space

    Influence of the Atmosphere on the Contrast of the Landsat Images

    Satellite Geodesy

    Co-operation in Satellite Geodesy in the Frame of the Intercosmos Programme

    Photographic Tracking of Geostationary Satellites for Geodetic Purposes

    GEOS-3 Altimetry Reductions in the Australia — New Zealand Region

    Ocean Geodesy Based on GEOS-3 Satellite Altimetry Data

    Atmospheric Response to Solar and Geomagnetic Activity

    Solar Variability and the Low and Middle Atmosphere

    The Kinetic Energy Index and the Sun-Weather Question

    The Effect of UV Variability on Stratospheric Thermal Structure and Trace Constituents 95

    Estimates of the Stratospheric Temperature Variation in Response to Changes of the Flux of Solar UV Radiation

    Calibration of Instruments to Study Solar Radiation

    Status of VUV Radiometric Calibration of Space Experiments

    Stratospheric Observations

    The Major Midwinter Warming 1976/77; Discussion of the Main Circulation Features

    Electrical Conductivity Measurements in the Stratosphere Using Balloon and Parachute-Borne Blunt Probes

    Winter Anomaly Studies from Arenosillo

    Results of Conductivity, Ion Mobility and Ion Concentration Measurements Taken with a Parachute Gerdien Condenser Experiment During the Winter Anomaly Campaign

    Temperature and Ozone Profiles Comparison

    Large Scale Dynamics Observed During the Western Europe Winter Anomaly Campaign 1975/76 from Wind, Temperature and Absorption Observations

    D-Region Positive Ion Composition Measurements and the Winter Anomaly in Ionospheric Absorption

    Composition of the Mid-Latitude Winter Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere

    Winter Anomaly Studies from Wallops Island

    Middle Atmosphere Ion Measurements During January 1976

    Atmospheric Thermal Structure During a Winter Anomaly Absorption Event

    Mesospheric Dynamics Measured During the 1976 "Winter Anomaly" Campaign

    D-Region Ion Composition During the Winter Anomaly Campaign on January 8, 1977

    Local Time Variations

    On the Local Time Variation of Atmospheric-Ionospheric Disturbances

    Satellite-Borne Accelerometer Results

    Radiation Pressure Determination with the Cactus Accelerometer

    First Analysis of 9 Months Data Obtained with the Low-G Accelerometer Cactus

    Lower Thermosphère Response to Geomagnetic Activity

    The Thermosphere

    Recent Observations of Neutral Species

    Spectrometric Measurement of the Atomic Oxygen 63μ Line Intensities 80 km and 180 km

    On the Additional Lyman-á Absorber in the Winter Thermosphere

    Observations of the Daytime Helium Geocorona with a Rocket-Borne Helium Resonance Cell

    Thermospheric Models

    The Role of Eddy Turbulence for Long Period Variations of Upper Atmospheric Density

    Global Thermospheric Models of Neutral Density, Exospheric Temperature and Turbopause Height

    Thermospheric Seasonal-Latitudinal Variations of Four Major Atmospheric Constituents from ESRO 4 Gas-Analyzer Measurements

    A New Three-Dimensional Thermospheric Model Based on Satellite Drag Data

    Global Exospheric Temperatures from ESRO 4 Scale Height Measurements


    Latitudinal and Diurnal Variations of Atomic Hydrogen Density Near the Exobase

    Collision-Determined Hydrogen Escape Rates and Hydrogen Density Variations at the Exobase

    The Ionosphere

    Aeros Results

    Fitting of CIRA Profiles with EUV absorption Measurements in the Terrestrial Atmosphere

    World-Wide Description of Ionospheric Topside Electron Density

    Ion Composition and Temperature Distribution from AEROS-B

    High Latitude Structures in Ionospheric Plasma

    Electron Temperature Model Derived from AEROS-A

    Ion Composition

    Summer Daytime Positive Ion Composition in the D-Region Above Wallops Island

    Metal Ions and Isotopes in Sporadic E-Layers During the Perseid Meteor Shower

    Effective Coefficients in D-Region Theory

    Ion Composition Variation at Altitudes of 100 - 170 km Based on Rocket Experiments

    Equatorial Ionosphere

    Rocket Observations of Electron Density Irregularities in the Equatorial E Region

    Electron Temperature in the Equatorial E Region Measured by Two Rocket Experiments and by Incoherent Scatter

    N0+ Ions in the Equatorial Ionosphere

    Longitudinal Specifics of Irregularity Distribution in the Equatorial Ionosphere

    Correlation of the Ionisation Anomaly with the Intensity of the Electrojet

    Electron Plasma Resonances Detected by a Mutual Admittance Probe in the Equatorial Ionosphere

    F-Region Oscillations Produced by Sudden Commencements of Geomagnetic Storms

    The Magnetosphere

    Electric Fields and Wave-Particle Interactions

    Auroral Zone Electric Field Measurements with Balloons

    Study of an Ionospheric Bay Disturbance in Correlation with High-Energy Electron Measurements on Satellite Cosmos-348

    Satellite Observations of Protons Involved in the Generation of IPDP and Pc 1

    Propagation of Pc 1 Micropulsations in Horizontal Ionospheric Ducts

    Energetic Charged Particles

    A Rocket-Ground Study of Electron Precipitation in the Cleft Region

    Energetic Electrons in the Outer Magnetosphere at Mid to High Latitudes

    Composition of the Hot Plasma in the Inner Magnetosphere: Observations and Theoretical Analysis of Protons, Helium Ions and Oxygen Ions

    Solar Particle Entry to Synchronous Orbit

    Geomegnetic Activity and Interplanetary Magnetic Field Orientation

    Interplanetary Magnetic Field and Geomagnetic Activity

    The Sun and the Interplanetary Medium

    Solar Flares

    The Dynamic X-Ray Corona

    Dynamical Behavior of Coronal Cavities, Prominence Material and Magnetic Field

    Solar X-Ray Transients in Magnetically Confined Plasma: Observational Data and Hydrodynamic Model

    Two-Dimensional Force-Free Magnetic Fields as Flare Models

    The Telemetry of SOLRAD 11 Satellites, at Arcetri, During Spring 1976

    X-Ray Flaring Region Observed by Means of SOLRAD 11 B Experiments

    Solar Energetic Charged Particles

    The Source of Solar and Interplanetary Particle Events

    The Primary Spectrum of Suprathermal Solar Particles

    Solar Particle Production During the 1976 Solar Minimum

    Prediction of the Solar Proton Time-Intensity Profiles for the 30 April 1976 Event

    Corona and Solar Wind

    Comparison of Coronal Structure Deduced from Faraday Rotation Measurements with Solar Radio Maps at 2.8 and 11 cm

    Evolution of He4/He3 in Lunar Samples as Evidence for Decreasing Solar Activity

    Solar Helium Resonance Radiation and Interaction of Interplanetary Medium with Interstellar Medium

    Spectrophotometric Observations of Geocoronal and Interplanetary Helium Resonance Radiation

    The Velocity Distribution of Interplanetary Neutral Gases and its Effect on the Interplanetary Resonance Radiation

    Derivation of Interstellar Helium Gas Parameters From an EUV-Rocket Observation

    Interstellar Wind Parameters Derived From the Distribution of Interplanetary Solar Resonance Radiation

    Heliosphere Interaction with the Interstellar Gas

    Cosmic Dust

    Spectrum of Zodiacal Light

    Absolute Ultraviolet Spectrum of the Zodiacal Light from an Instrument Aboard the D2B French Astronomical Satellite

    Interplanetary Dust

    Temporal and Spatial Variations of the Interplanetary Dust Flux

    Distribution of Hyperbolic Cosmic Dust in the Vicinity of Earth

    The Mass Distribution Indices of Interplanetary Particles

    New Lunar Microcrater Evidence Against a Time Varying Meteoroid Flux

    The Role of Accretionary Particles on Lunar Exposure and Ageing Processes: Lunar Dust Slows Lunar Clocks

    The Role of Accretionary Particles in the Approach to Lunar Equilibrium Topology

    Moon and Planets

    Gravitational Fields

    Gravitational Fields of Planets and the Moon

    Microwave Absorption Characteristics of the Clouds of Venus from Mariner 10 Radio Occultation

    The Envelopes of Jupiter and Saturn

    Propagation of Radio Waves in the Atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn

    The Albedo of Titan


    Soft X-Ray Diffuse Component and the Hot Interstellar Medium

    Results from the Indian Scientific Satellite Aryabhata — (a) Flux of High Energy Albedo Neutrons at 600 km and (b) Cosmic Gamma Ray Measurements in Space

    Star Mapping with E.R.C. Experiment in Aura French Astronomical Satellite

    Ultraviolet Photometry of Sky Background and Stars from the Anti-Solar Instrument Aboard the French Satellite D2B-Aura: Preliminary Results

    Materials Science Under Micro-Gravity Conditions

    Critical Phenomena in a Low Gravity Environment

    On the Possibility of Measuring the Soret Coefficient under Zero Gravity Conditions: A Preliminary Stability Analysis

    Deplacement D'un Liquide Dans un Tube Capillaire en Microgravitation

    Tensions Superficielles de Métaux et Alliages Liquides

    Floating Zone-Equilibrium Shapes and Stability Criteria

    Flow Phenomena in Gravitationless Melting Zones in the Presence of Electromagnetic Fields

    Vapor Growth and Transport Rates of IV-VI Compounds in Micro-Gravity

    Technological Experiments Exposed to Low Gravity During Sounding Rocket Flights - Project TEXUS

    Material Science Investigations to be Performed with the Spacelab Fluid Physics Module

    Reassessment of Space Electrophoresis

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 562
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1978
  • Published: June 19, 1978
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483159812

About the Editors

M. J. Rycroft

A. C. Stickland

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