Sources of Ignition - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780750611800, 9781483161259

Sources of Ignition

1st Edition

Flammability Characteristics of Chemicals and Products

Authors: John Bond
eBook ISBN: 9781483161259
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 15th April 1991
Page Count: 164
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Description

Sources of Ignition: Flammability Characteristics of Chemicals and Products describes the flammability characteristics of substances and deals with the different sources of ignition. Case histories are presented for review and analysis.
The book is comprised of six chapters and seven appendices. The introduction gives a basic description of the anatomy of fire and explosions, including the access to fuel and the interaction of oxygen and fuel. A description of the flammable limits of gases, dusts, mists, and mixtures and the method of estimating these follow. The text also explains the flash point of a substance and the method of calculating it, using citations from Fuji and Hermann. The ignition energy of a chemical, as well as how to estimate it using the method of Calcote et al., is also presented. The book explains that autoignition temperature of gases is dependent on different factors, such as time delay, oxygen concentration, and catalyst effects of materials, but may still be estimated citing Zabetakis, 1965 as reference. The formula is given in more detail. Finally, the energy sources for ignition are enumerated as mechanical, electrical, thermal, and chemical. The appendices deal with chemicals, self-heating substances, organic peroxides, substances prone to spontaneous combustions, unstable substances, flammability characteristics of dusts, and a checklist of possible sources of ignition.
This book is beneficial to fire safety engineers, firemen, fire prevention maintenance administrators, fire hazard officers, and other personnel whose line of work is in fire safety and prevention.

Table of Contents


1 Introduction

2 Flammable Limits

Flammable Limits of Gases

Flammable Limits of Dusts And Mists

Estimation of Flammable Limits

Flammable Limits of Mixtures

References

3 Flash Points

Flash Points of Liquids

Calculation of Flash Points

References

4 Ignition Energy

Minimum Ignition Energy

Ignition Energy of Gases

Ignition Energy of Dusts

Estimation of Ignition Energy

References

5 Autoignition Temperature

Autoignition Temperature of Gases

Autoignition Temperature of Dusts

Estimation of Autoignition Temperature

Other Factors

References

6 Sources of Energy For Ignition

Mechanical Sources

Friction

Missiles

Metal Fracture

Electrical Sources

Electrical Current

Electrostatics

Lightning

Stray Currents

Radio Frequency

Thermal Sources

Hot Surfaces

Self-Heating

Flames

Compression

Engines

Diffusion

Chemical Sources

Peroxides

Polymerization

Spontaneous Combustion

Reaction with Other Substances

Thermite Reaction

Unstable Substances

Decomposition

Appendices

1 Fire and Related Properties of Chemicals

2 Substances Liable To Self-Heating

3 Organic Peroxides

4 Spontaneously Flammable Substances

5 Unstable Substances

6 Flammability Characteristics of Dusts

7 Sources of Ignition Checklist

Index




Details

No. of pages:
164
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1991
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483161259

About the Author

John Bond

Affiliations and Expertise

Centre for Health Services Research, The University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle, UK