Sources of Ignition

Sources of Ignition

Flammability Characteristics of Chemicals and Products

1st Edition - April 15, 1991

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  • Author: John Bond
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483161259

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Sources of Ignition: Flammability Characteristics of Chemicals and Products describes the flammability characteristics of substances and deals with the different sources of ignition. Case histories are presented for review and analysis. The book is comprised of six chapters and seven appendices. The introduction gives a basic description of the anatomy of fire and explosions, including the access to fuel and the interaction of oxygen and fuel. A description of the flammable limits of gases, dusts, mists, and mixtures and the method of estimating these follow. The text also explains the flash point of a substance and the method of calculating it, using citations from Fuji and Hermann. The ignition energy of a chemical, as well as how to estimate it using the method of Calcote et al., is also presented. The book explains that autoignition temperature of gases is dependent on different factors, such as time delay, oxygen concentration, and catalyst effects of materials, but may still be estimated citing Zabetakis, 1965 as reference. The formula is given in more detail. Finally, the energy sources for ignition are enumerated as mechanical, electrical, thermal, and chemical. The appendices deal with chemicals, self-heating substances, organic peroxides, substances prone to spontaneous combustions, unstable substances, flammability characteristics of dusts, and a checklist of possible sources of ignition. This book is beneficial to fire safety engineers, firemen, fire prevention maintenance administrators, fire hazard officers, and other personnel whose line of work is in fire safety and prevention.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Introduction

    2 Flammable Limits

    Flammable Limits of Gases

    Flammable Limits of Dusts And Mists

    Estimation of Flammable Limits

    Flammable Limits of Mixtures


    3 Flash Points

    Flash Points of Liquids

    Calculation of Flash Points


    4 Ignition Energy

    Minimum Ignition Energy

    Ignition Energy of Gases

    Ignition Energy of Dusts

    Estimation of Ignition Energy


    5 Autoignition Temperature

    Autoignition Temperature of Gases

    Autoignition Temperature of Dusts

    Estimation of Autoignition Temperature

    Other Factors


    6 Sources of Energy For Ignition

    Mechanical Sources



    Metal Fracture

    Electrical Sources

    Electrical Current



    Stray Currents

    Radio Frequency

    Thermal Sources

    Hot Surfaces






    Chemical Sources



    Spontaneous Combustion

    Reaction with Other Substances

    Thermite Reaction

    Unstable Substances



    1 Fire and Related Properties of Chemicals

    2 Substances Liable To Self-Heating

    3 Organic Peroxides

    4 Spontaneously Flammable Substances

    5 Unstable Substances

    6 Flammability Characteristics of Dusts

    7 Sources of Ignition Checklist


Product details

  • No. of pages: 164
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1991
  • Published: April 15, 1991
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483161259

About the Author

John Bond

Affiliations and Expertise

Centre for Health Services Research, The University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle, UK

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  • ALBERTO S. Sun Feb 06 2022


    This book is very important and useful for arson investigators because it collects all the information and data on potential accelerants.

  • Kris T. Fri Aug 03 2018

    Sources of Ignition

    Very comprehensive overview