Sources, Fields, Measurements, and Applications

Sources, Fields, Measurements, and Applications

Radiation Dosimetry, Vol. 3

2nd Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Editors: Frank H. Attix, Eugene Tochilin
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483216218

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Radiation Dosimetry, Second Edition, VOLUME III: Sources, Fields, Measurements, and Applications covers the significant aspects of radiation dosimetry. The book discusses dosimetry relating to x rays and teleisotope gamma rays, discrete and distributed alpha-, beta-, and gamma-ray sources, electron beams, and heavy charged particle beams. The text also describes dosimetry relating to reactors, neutron and mixed n-gamma fields, neutrons from accelerators and radioactive sources, initial and residual ionizing radiation from nuclear weapons, natural and man-made background radiation, radiation in space, ultra-high energy radiation, and uncommon types of particles. Dosimetry relating to health physics, diobiology, radiotherapy, implant and intracavitary therapy, ""transition-zones"" (especially at bone-tissue interfaces), and radiation processing is also considered. Physicists, biophysicists, and people involved in radiological science will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    List of Contributors


    Contents of Other Volumes

    17. x Rays and Teleisotope ɤ Rays

    I. Production of χ and ɤ Rays

    II. Penetration and Scattering of Radiation

    III. Spectral Distributions of Radiation


    18. Distributed Radionuclide Sources

    I. Introduction

    II. General Aspects of Distributed Radionuclide Dose Calculation

    III. The Formalism for Distributed Radionuclide Dose Calculation

    IV. Application of the Formalism to Specific Models and Radionuclides


    19. Electron Beams

    I. Electron Beam Sources

    II. Electron Energy Calibration

    III. Dose Measurement

    IV. Intensity Measurement and Monitoring

    V. Theoretical Derivation of Electron Beam Parameters

    VI. Measurement of Electron Beam Penetration

    VII. Medical Application


    20. Heavy Charged-Particle Beams

    I. Introduction

    II. Interaction of Heavy Charged Particles with Matter

    III. Detectors of Heavy Charged Particles

    IV. Measurement of Heavy Charged-Particle Beams

    V. Techniques of Exposure


    21. Reactor Neutron Dosimetry in Irradiation of Materials

    I. Introduction

    II. Reactor Neutron Radiation Characteristics

    III. Characteristics of Radioactivation Detectors

    IV. Methods of Determining Neutron Spectra Using Radioactivation Threshold Detectors

    V. Influence of Reactor Neutron Spectrum on Radiation Effects in Metals


    22. Dosimetry of Neutrons and Mixed n + ɤ fields

    I. Introduction

    II. Dosimetric Techniques

    III. Environmental Measurements of Radiation Fields from Typical Neutron Sources


    23. Neutrons From Accelerators and Radioactive Sources

    I. Introduction

    II. General Characteristics of Neutron Radiation Fields

    III. Neutron Sources

    IV. Background Radiations

    V. Standards for Making Flux Density Measurements


    24. Initial and Residual Ionizing Radiations from Nuclear Weapons

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Physical Processes and Phenomena in Weapon Detonations

    III. Ionizing Radiations

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    25. Natural and Man-Made Background Radiation

    I. Introduction

    II. Nature and Intensity of Background Radiation

    III. Interpretation of Numerical Values of Background Radiation

    IV. Measurement of Background Radiation


    26. Dosimetry of Radiation in Space Flight

    I. Introduction

    II. Physical and Radiobiological Factors in Space Dosimetry

    III. Experience on Space Missions


    27. Ultrahigh-Energy Radiation and Uncommon Types of Particles

    I. Introduction

    II. Sources of Ultrahigh-Energy Radiation

    III. Biophysics of Ultrahigh-Energy Radiation

    IV. Description of Radiation Fields from Ultrahigh-Energy Machines

    V. Ultrahigh-Energy Dosimetry with Ionization Chambers

    VI. Counters, Foils, and Threshold Detectors

    VII. Depth-Dose Measurements

    VIII. Personnel Monitoring


    28. Radiation Protection Dosimetry

    I. Introduction

    II. Development of Radiation Protection Standards

    III. Present Values of Radiation Protection Standards

    IV. Dosimetry of External Radiation

    V. Dosimetry of Internal Radiation

    VI. Dosimetry for the Protection of the Population


    29. Radiobiological Dosimetry

    I. Physical Aspects of Radiobiology

    II. Practical Aspects of Absorbed Dose Specification


    30. Use of x and ɤ Rays in Radiotherapy

    I. Interactions of Radiation with a Scattering Medium

    II. Dose Calculations in Radiotherapy

    III. Integral Dose in Radiotherapy

    IV. Effects of Body Inhomogeneities on Dose Calculations


    31. Dosimetry in Implant Therapy

    I. Introduction

    II. Physical Properties of Radium

    III. Physical Properties of Other Radioactive Isotopes

    IV. Sources for Intracavitary and Interstitial Therapy

    V. Intracavitary Therapy

    VI. External Applicators

    VII. Interstitial Therapy

    VIII. Anticipated Developments in Interstitial and Intracavitary Therapy


    32. Transition-Zone Dosimetry

    I. Introduction

    II. Biological Features of Transition Zones in the Human Body

    III. Energy Absorption and Secondary Electron Release in Tissues

    JV. Calculations of Dose in Transition Zones

    V. Determination of Dose in Trabecular Bone

    VI. Experimental Investigations of Dose in Transition Zones

    VII. Particular Applications of Transition-Zone Dosimetry


    33. Dosimetry in Industrial Processing

    I. Introduction

    II. Dosimetry at Electron Accelerator Plants

    III. Dosimetry in C60ɤ-Ray Facilities


    Appendix : Useful Physical Constants and Conversion Factors

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 964
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483216218

About the Editors

Frank H. Attix

Eugene Tochilin

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