Description

The main challenge in modern solvent extraction separation is that most techniques are mainly empirical, specific and particular for narrow fields of practice and require a large degree of experimentation. This concise and modern book provides a complete overview of both solvent extraction separation techniques and the novel and unified competitive complexation/solvation theory. This novel and unified technique presented in the book provides a key for a preliminary quantitative prediction of suitable extraction systems without experimentation, thus saving researchers time and resources.

Key Features

  • Analyzes and compares both classical and new competitive models and techniques
  • Offers a novel and unified competitive complexation / solvation theory that permits researchers to standardize some parameters, which decreases the need for experimentation at R&D
  • Presents examples of applications in multiple disciplines such as chemical, biochemical, radiochemical, pharmaceutical and analytical separation
  • Written by an outstanding scientist who is prolific in the field of separation science

Readership

Professionals, including post-docs, and post-graduate students in separation research.

University libraries in Chemisry, Radiochemistry, Biochemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Chemical Technology, Pharmacy, and Hydrometallurgy;  Libraries of R&D Laboratories, Departments of Industrial Companies, involving in the development of separation and purification technologies in Chemistry, Biochemistry, Pharmaceutical Industry, and Hydrometallurgy; and Engineering Technological Institutions.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

PART I. Conventional (Classical) Principles and Practice of Solvent Extraction

Chapter 1. Modern (Classical) Fundamental Principles of Solvent Extraction

1 Introduction

2 Solvent Extraction By Solvation

3 Solvent Extraction with Chemical Reactions (By Complexation)

4 Driving Forces of Solvent Extraction

5 Influence of Kinetics Factors

6 Selectivity

7 Factors Affecting Extraction Process

8 Module Design Considerations

9 Experimental Determination of Distribution Ratios

10 Summarizing Remarks

Chapter 2. Principles of Solvent Extraction of Organic and Mineral Acids

1 Introduction

2 Extraction of Acids by Carbon-Bonded Oxygen-Donor Extractants and Substituted Hydrocarbon Solvents

3 Phosphorus-bonded Oxygen Donor Extractants

4 Aliphatic Amine Extractants

5 Extraction of Strong (Inorganic) Acids

6 Summarizing Remarks

Chapter 3. Chemistry of Metal Solvent Extraction

1 Introduction

2 Metal Extraction by Cation Exchangers (Acidic Extractants)

3 Metal Extraction by Anion Exchangers (Ion Pair Formation)

4 Extraction Through Formation of H-Bonding and Solvating Complexes

5 Extraction Through Mixed Complex Formation

6 Extractable Complexation of Monovalent Metals

7 Extraction with Aqueous Biphasic Systems

Chapter 4. Engineering Development of Solvent Extraction Processes

1 Introduction

2 Extraction Stage

3 Stripping Organic Solutions

4 Extraction Efficiency

5 Equipment Design for Continuous Extraction-Stripping Processes

6 Solvent Losses

7 Economical Considerations

8 Problems with Scale-up to Industrial Systems

Chapter 5. Examples of Application of Solvent Extraction Techniques in Chemical, Radiochemical, Biochemical, Pharmaceutical, Analytical Separations, and Wastewater Treatment

1 In

Details

No. of pages:
576
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444537799
Print ISBN:
9780444537782

About the author

Vladimir Kislik

Affiliations and Expertise

Retired Professor in Separation Science & Technology, Casali Institute of Applied Chemistry, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel

Reviews

The main challenge in modern solvent extraction separation is that most techniques are mainly empirical, specific and particular for narrow fields of practice and require a large degree of experimentation. This concise and modern book provides a complete overview of both solvent extraction separation techniques and the novel and unified competitive complexation/solvation theory. This novel and unified technique presented in the book provides a key for a preliminary quantitative prediction of suitable extraction systems without experimentation, thus saving researchers time and resources.