Description

The main challenge in modern solvent extraction separation is that most techniques are mainly empirical, specific and particular for narrow fields of practice and require a large degree of experimentation. This concise and modern book provides a complete overview of both solvent extraction separation techniques and the novel and unified competitive complexation/solvation theory. This novel and unified technique presented in the book provides a key for a preliminary quantitative prediction of suitable extraction systems without experimentation, thus saving researchers time and resources.

Key Features

  • Analyzes and compares both classical and new competitive models and techniques
  • Offers a novel and unified competitive complexation / solvation theory that permits researchers to standardize some parameters, which decreases the need for experimentation at R&D
  • Presents examples of applications in multiple disciplines such as chemical, biochemical, radiochemical, pharmaceutical and analytical separation
  • Written by an outstanding scientist who is prolific in the field of separation science

Readership

Professionals, including post-docs, and post-graduate students in separation research.

University libraries in Chemisry, Radiochemistry, Biochemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, Chemical Technology, Pharmacy, and Hydrometallurgy;  Libraries of R&D Laboratories, Departments of Industrial Companies, involving in the development of separation and purification technologies in Chemistry, Biochemistry, Pharmaceutical Industry, and Hydrometallurgy; and Engineering Technological Institutions.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

PART I. Conventional (Classical) Principles and Practice of Solvent Extraction

Chapter 1. Modern (Classical) Fundamental Principles of Solvent Extraction

1 Introduction

2 Solvent Extraction By Solvation

3 Solvent Extraction with Chemical Reactions (By Complexation)

4 Driving Forces of Solvent Extraction

5 Influence of Kinetics Factors

6 Selectivity

7 Factors Affecting Extraction Process

8 Module Design Considerations

9 Experimental Determination of Distribution Ratios

10 Summarizing Remarks

Chapter 2. Principles of Solvent Extraction of Organic and Mineral Acids

1 Introduction

2 Extraction of Acids by Carbon-Bonded Oxygen-Donor Extractants and Substituted Hydrocarbon Solvents

3 Phosphorus-bonded Oxygen Donor Extractants

4 Aliphatic Amine Extractants

5 Extraction of Strong (Inorganic) Acids

6 Summarizing Remarks

Chapter 3. Chemistry of Metal Solvent Extraction

1 Introduction

2 Metal Extraction by Cation Exchangers (Acidic Extractants)

3 Metal Extraction by Anion Exchangers (Ion Pair Formation)

4 Extraction Through Formation of H-Bonding and Solvating Complexes

5 Extraction Through Mixed Complex Formation

6 Extractable Complexation of Monovalent Metals

7 Extraction with Aqueous Biphasic Systems

Chapter 4. Engineering Development of Solvent Extraction Processes

1 Introduction

2 Extraction Stage

3 Stripping Organic Solutions

4 Extraction Efficiency

5 Equipment Design for Continuous Extraction-Stripping Processes

6 Solvent Losses

7 Economical Considerations

8 Problems with Scale-up to Industrial Systems

Chapter 5. Examples of Application of Solvent Extraction Techniques in Chemical, Radiochemical, Biochemical, Pharmaceutical, Analytical Separations, and Wastewater Treatment

1 In

Details

No. of pages:
576
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Electronic ISBN:
9780444537799
Print ISBN:
9780444537782

About the author