Solvation, Ionic and Complex Formation Reactions in Non-Aqeuous Solvents

Solvation, Ionic and Complex Formation Reactions in Non-Aqeuous Solvents

1st Edition - January 1, 1983

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  • Author: K. Burger
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444597519

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Description

Solvation, Ionic and Complex Formation Reactions in Non-Aqueous Solvents: Experimental Methods for their Investigation presents the available methods and their particular value in investigating solutions composed of non-aqueous solvents. This book is composed of 10 chapters and begins with a brief description of the complexity of the interactions possible n solutions. The subsequent chapters deal with a classification of the solvents and empirical solvent strength scales based on various experimental parameters, together with various correlations empirically describing the solvent effect. Other chapters present the methods for the purification of solvents and ways of checking their purity, as well as the individual results achieved during investigations of the solvent effect, particularly the general regularities recognized. The remaining chapters provide a review of the coordination chemistry of non-aqueous solutions. This book will prove useful to analytical and inorganic chemists.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1. Introduction

    References

    2. General Characterization of Solvents

    Classification of Non-Aqueous Solvents

    Characteristics of Solvent Properties

    References

    3. Solvent-Solute Interactions

    Theoretical Approaches

    Solvation, Solvation Number

    Solvation with Donor and Acceptor Solvents

    References

    4. Donor-Acceptor Interactions. The Donor and Acceptor Strengths of Solvents

    Empirical Solvent Strength Scales

    Characterization of the Donor Strength on the Basis of the Ionization Energy

    Characterization of the Donor Strength on the Basis of the Crystal Field Splitting

    Characterization of the Donor Strength on the Basis of the Heat of Solvation

    Base Strength Towards the Proton

    Characterization of the Donor Strength on the Basis of Conductometric Measurements

    Characterization of the Donor Strength on the Basis of Polarographic Measurements

    Characterization of the Donor Strength by Means of Infrared Spectroscopy

    Characterization of the Donor Strength by Means of NMR Spectroscopy

    Transition Metal Complex Reference Acceptors in the Investigation of Donor Solvents

    The Kamlet-Taft Solvent Basicity Scale

    Characterization of the Acceptor Strength on the Basis of the Solvatochrome Effect

    Characterization of the Acceptor Strength on the Basis of NMR Measurements

    Characterization of the Acceptor Strength on the Basis of Kinetic Measurements

    Other Solvent Strength (Polarity) Scales

    Intercorrelation of the Various Solvent Strength Scales

    Study of Lewis Donor-Acceptor Interactions and Related Problems

    Effect of the Parent Solvent

    Role of the Experimental Method

    Effect of the Reference Acceptor or Reference Donor

    The Drago Concept

    The Koppel-Palm Concept

    The Krygowski-Fawcett Concept

    The Gutmann-Mayer Concept

    The Linear Solvation Energy Relationship (Kamlet-Taft) Concept

    References

    5. Experimental Methods Employed in the Study of Non-Aqueous Solutions of Complex Systems

    Conductometry

    Dielectrometry

    Dielectric Relaxation Spectroscopy

    UV and Visible Spectroscopy

    Circular Dichroism (CD) Spectroscopy

    The Solvent Dependence of CD

    Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy

    Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy

    Magnetic Susceptibility Examinations

    Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) Spectroscopy

    Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) Spectroscopy

    Mössbauer Spectroscopy in Frozen Solutions

    X-ray Diffraction Studies

    X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS, ESCA) in Rapidly Frozen Solutions

    Positron Annihilation and Positronium Chemistry

    Pick-Off Annihilation and the Molecular and Solution Structures

    Coordination Chemical Aspects of Positron Annihilation

    Ultrasonic Velocity Investigations

    Electron Spin Echo Modulation Studies

    References

    6. Effect of the Solvent on the Structures and Stabilities of Metal Complexes in Solution

    Effect of the Donor Strength

    Effects of Steric Factors

    Effect of Solvation of the Anion

    Effect of Solvation of the Outer-Sphere Type

    Formation of Auto-Complexes, Mixed Ligand Complexes, DA Molecular Complexes and Polynuclear Complexes

    Effect of the Structure of the Solvent

    References

    7. Effect of the Solvent on the Kinetics and Mechanisms of Coordination Reactions

    The Effect of Solvation Strength (Donor or Acceptor Strength) of Solvents

    Competitive Preferential Solvation (COPS) Theory

    Solvent Dependence of Reactions in Organometallic Chemistry

    References

    8. Interactions in Solvent Mixtures and their Investigation

    Interaction Between the Components of the Solvent Mixture

    Solvation Processes in Solvent Mixtures

    Complex Formation in Solvent Mixtures

    Solvent Dependence of Complex Stability

    Equilibrium Studies in Water-Dioxane Solvent Mixtures

    Equilibrium Studies in Solvent Mixtures with Varying Compositions

    Equilibrium Measurements in Non-Aqueous Solvent Mixtures

    Calorimetric Equilibrium Studies

    References

    9. General Suggestions for the Characterization of Non-Aqueous Solution Systems

    Analytical Examination of the Solution

    Determination of Moisture Content

    Determination of Other Impurities

    Purification of Solvents

    Removal of the Moisture Content

    Molecular Sieves and their Application

    Purification Procedures for some Solvents

    Characterization of Solvents by their Physical parameters

    Characterization of the Solvating Powers of Solvents

    Characterization of Solvent Mixtures

    References

    10. Research Trends in the Future

    Subject Index

Product details

  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 1983
  • Published: January 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444597519

About the Author

K. Burger

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