Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics

1st Edition - August 12, 1986

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  • Author: Gerald Burns
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483106199

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Solid State Physics, International Edition covers the fundamentals and the advanced concepts of solid state physics. The book is comprised of 18 chapters that tackle a specific aspect of solid state physics. Chapters 1 to 3 discuss the symmetry aspects of crystalline solids, while Chapter 4 covers the application of X-rays in solid state science. Chapter 5 deals with the anisotropic character of crystals. Chapters 6 to 8 talk about the five common types of bonding in solids, while Chapters 9 and 10 cover the free electron theory and band theory. Chapters 11 and 12 discuss the effects of movement of atoms, and Chapter 13 talks about the optical properties of crystals. Chapters 14 to 18 cover the other relevant areas of solid state physics, such as ferroelectricity, magnetism, surface science, and artificial structure. The book will be of great use both to novice and experienced researchers in the field of solid state physics.

Table of Contents

  • 1 Symmetry Operations

    1-1 A Symmetry Operation

    1-2 Point Symmetry Operations

    1-3 The Point Groups of a Molecule

    1-4 Other Symmetry Operations of Crystals



    2 Symmetry Description of Crystals

    2-1 Lattice

    2-2 Primitive Unit Cell

    2-3 The 7 Crystal Systems

    2-4 The 14 Bravais Lattices

    2-5 The 32 Crystallographic Point Groups

    2-6 Space Groups

    2-7 Definitions of Directions, Coordinates, and Planes

    Appendix to Chapter 2



    3 Simple Crystal Structures

    3-1 Introduction

    3-2 Several Cubic Symmorphic Structures

    3-3 Diamond and Zinc Blende Structures

    3-4 Point Group of a Space Group (S)

    3-5 Examples of Defect Structures

    3-6 Different Points of View of a Structure

    3-7 Close Packing (and the Hexagonal Close-Packed Structure)

    3-8 Volume Effects for Simple Structures

    3-9 Wurtzite Structure

    3-10 Site Symmetry (S)



    4 X-Ray Diffraction

    4-1 Electron, Neutron, and X-ray Diffraction

    4-2 Bragg's Law

    4-3 The Laue Formulation

    4-4 Experimental X-ray Diffraction Methods (S)



    5 Crystal Symmetry and Physical Properties (S)

    5-1 Introduction

    5-2 Neumann's Principle

    5-3 Tensors

    5-4 Crystal Symmetry and Physical Properties

    5-5 Nonlinear Optics



    6 Classification of Solids

    6-1 Summary of Chapters 1-3

    6-2 Introduction to Classification of Solids

    6-3 Five Types of Bonds

    6-4 Repulsive Potential Energy

    6-5 Molecular Bond

    6-6 Hydrogen Bond (S)



    7 The Ionic Bond

    7-1 Transfer of Electrons

    7-2 Ionic Radii

    7-3 Typical Structures

    7-4 Cohesive Energies of Ionic Crystals



    8 The Covalent Bond

    8-1 Introduction

    8-2 Bonding and Antibonding

    8-3 The Hydrogen Molecule

    8-4 Maximum Overlap

    8-5 The Formation of a Crystal

    8-6 "Classical" Semiconductors

    8-7 Continuous Range of Bonding (S)




    9 Metals

    Part A Drude's Model

    9-1 Drude 's Free Electron Theory

    9-2 Drude's Assumptions

    9-3 DC Conductivity

    9-4 Wiedemann-Franz Law

    9-5 Frequency-Dependent Conductivity (S, A)

    9-6 Problems of Drude 's Model

    Part B Quantum Mechanics Applied

    9-7 Eigenfunctions of Free Electrons in a Metal

    9-8 Fermi Energy, Density of States, and Fermi Surface

    9-9 Soft X-rays, Heat Capacities

    9-10 Fermi-Dirac Statistics

    9-11 Low Temperature Expansion Using F-D Statistics

    9-12 Thermal Properties of the Electron Gas

    9-13 DC Conductivity (with F-D Statistics)

    9-14 Electron-Electron Collisions (S)

    9-15 Hall Effect (and Other Magnetic Field Effects) (S)

    9-16 Landau Levels (S, A)



    10 Band Theory

    Part A Qualitative Discussion

    10-1 Nearly Free Electrons

    10-2 Classifications of Solids

    10-3 Effective Mass

    Part B Wave Functions and Energy Levels

    10-4 Bloch Functions

    10-5 Nearly Free Electrons

    10-6 Brillouin Zones

    10-7 Examples of Brillouin Zones

    10-8 Wigner-Seitz Approximation — The Binding Energy (S)

    10-9 The Tight Binding Approximation (S)

    10-10 Crystal Momentum

    Part C Semiconductors, Real Bands, and Related Concepts

    10-11 Holes

    10-12 Band Preliminaries (A)

    10-13 E(k) for a Two-Dimensional Square Lattice

    10-14 Body-Centered Cubic Lattice — Sodium (S, A)

    10-15 Si, Ge, GaAs, and GaP

    10-16 Carrier Concentration at Thermal Equilibrium

    10-17 p-n Junctions

    10-18 Metal-Semiconductor Junctions

    10-19 The Gunn Effect (S)

    10-20 Other Topics (S)

    10-21 Summary



    11 Some Thermal Effects in Solids

    Part A Heat Capacity

    11-1 Specific Heat at Constant Volume and Pressure

    11-2 Energy and Cv from Statistical Mechanics

    11-3 Classical Results for Cv

    11-4 Einstein's Model

    11-5 Debye's Calculation of Cv

    Part B Effects Associated with Disorder

    11-6 Orientational Disorder in Molecular and Ionic Crystals

    11-7 Polarization by Orientation (S)

    11-8 Point Imperfections in Crystals

    11-9 Diffusion (S)

    11-10 Color Centers in Ionic Crystals (S)

    11-11 Localized Vibrational Modes (S)



    12 Lattice Vibrations

    12-1 Introduction

    12-2 Vibrations of a One-Dimensional Monatomic Chain

    12-3 Vibrations of a One-Dimensional Diatomic Chain

    12-4 Real Crystal Systems

    12-5 Phonons(A)

    12-6 Crystal Momentum (A)

    12-7 Neutron Diffraction from Phonons

    12-8 Thermal Conductivity (S)



    13 Optical Properties of Crystals

    Part A Macroscopic Theory

    13-1 Dielectric Polarization

    13-2 Oscillating Fields

    13-3 Electromagnetic Waves in Solids

    13-4 Reflectivity at an Interface

    13-5 Kramers-Kronig Relations (S, A)

    13-6 Damped Harmonic Oscillator

    13-7 Dielectric Response of a Quantum System

    Part B Lattice Vibrations

    13-8 Introduction

    13-9 Long Wavelength Optical Vibrations

    13-10 Measurements and Results

    13-11 Polaritons (S)

    13-12 A Microscopic Model (S)

    13-13 Clausius-Mossotti (Lorenz-Lorentz) Equations

    Part C Free Carrier Absorption

    13-14 Introduction

    13-15 Oscillator Model

    13-16 Experimental Results

    13-17 Transverse and Longitudinal Free Electron Modes (S)

    Part D Interband Transitions

    13-18 Introduction

    13-19 Fundamental Absorption Near Eg

    13-20 Excitons (Mostly Weakly Bound Excitons)

    13-21 Fundamental Absorption Above Eg

    13-22 Urbach Edge (S)



    14 Ferroelectricity and Structural Phase Transitions

    14-1 Introduction

    14-2 The Free Energy

    14-3 Soft Modes

    14-4 Microscopic Model of Soft Modes

    14-5 Renormalization Group

    14-6 Optical Properties of Ferroelectrics (S)

    14-7 Other Related Properties



    15 Magnetism

    Part A Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism

    15-1 Introduction

    15-2 Diamagnetism

    15-3 Paramagnetism

    Part B Ferromagnetism, Antiferromagnetism, and Related Topics

    15-4 Introduction

    15-5 Molecular Field Theory

    15-6 The Heisenberg Exchange Interaction

    15-7 Magnetic Structures

    15-8 Special Techniques Used to Study Magnetic Structures

    Part C Other Topics

    15-9 Spin Waves (S, A)

    15-10 Anisotropy, Hysteresis, Domains, and Bloch Walls

    15-11 Metals and Magnetism (S, A)

    15-12 Spin Glasses (S)



    16 Superconductivity

    16-1 Introduction (dc Conductivity)

    16-2 The Occurrence of Superconductivity

    16-3 Effects that Destroy Superconductivity

    16-4 Magnetic Properties

    16-5 The BCS Theory

    16-6 BCS Predictions

    16-7 BCS Related Measurements

    16-8 The Josephson Effect



    17 Surface Science

    17-1 Introduction — The Need for UHV

    17-2 Crystal Shape

    17-3 Preparation of Clean Surfaces and LEED

    17-4 The Structure of Surfaces

    17-5 Interaction of Gases with Surfaces

    17-6 Surface Related Techniques

    17-7 Electronic Surface Structure



    Appendix to Chapter 17

    18 Artificial Structures

    Part A Semiconductors

    18-1 Introduction

    18-2 A Particle in a 1-D Rectangular Well

    18-3 3-D Motion with a 1-D Rectangular Well

    18-4 Experimental Aspects

    18-5 Semiconductor Superlattices

    18-6 Inversion Layers

    Part B Metals

    18-7 Introduction

    18-8 Sample Preparation

    18-9 Properties of Layered Metal Structures

    18-10 Other Artificial Structures (S)




    Appendix — Units



Product details

  • No. of pages: 826
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1986
  • Published: August 12, 1986
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483106199

About the Author

Gerald Burns

Affiliations and Expertise

IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York

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