Solid-Liquid Filtration - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080971148, 9780080971155

Solid-Liquid Filtration

1st Edition

A User’s Guide to Minimizing Cost and Environmental Impact, Maximizing Quality and Productivity

Authors: Trevor Sparks
eBook ISBN: 9780080971155
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080971148
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 28th November 2011
Page Count: 224
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Exploring the success factors that combine to deliver this performance. Finding ways to get more from your processes, with examples, case studies and scenarios.

Solid-Liquid Filtration is a crucial step in the production of virtually everything in our daily lives, from metals, plastics and pigments through to foods (and crockery) and medicines. Using a practical and applied approach, Trevor Sparks has created a guide that chemical and process engineers can use to help them:

  • Understand how filtration processes affect production processes, production costs, product quality, environmental impact and productivity
  • Optimise process development and project execution, with real examples and supporting software forms and tools
  • Develop reporting tools to monitor processes, and find ways to get more from processes

This book’s focus is helping process engineers understand their filtration processes better. Its accessible approach and style make it a valuable resource for anyone working in this sector, regardless of prior knowledge or experience.

Key Features

  • Several examples and scenarios are provided throughout the book in order to help engineers understand the importance of filtration and the effect that it has on the bottom-line.
  • Covers methods for optimizing processes, include process variable, plus laboratory testing, modeling and process troubleshooting
  • Accompanied by optimization software that enables readers to model and plan optimal filtration processes and set ups for their particular circumstance.


Chemical and process engineers; filtration specialists; consultants

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • List of Figures
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Scope
    • 1.2. Summary
  • Chapter 2. History of Filtration
    • 2.1. Origins
    • 2.2. Industrial Revolution and Onwards
    • 2.3. Recent History
    • 2.4. Current Trends
    • 2.5. Summary
  • Chapter 3. Physical Phenomena
    • 3.1. Basic Narrative of a Filtration Process
    • 3.2. Step-by-step Narrative
    • 3.3. Other Notable Phenomena and Things to Look out for
    • 3.4. Summary
  • Chapter 4. Competitiveness in Processing
    • 4.1. Production Cost
    • 4.2. Product Quality
    • 4.3. Productivity
    • 4.4. Safety, Health and the Environment
    • 4.5. Summary
  • Chapter 5. The Outcomes of Filtration Processes
    • 5.1. Filter Cake Outcomes
    • 5.2. Filtrate Outcomes
    • 5.3. Slurry Outcomes
    • 5.4. Filtration Costs
    • 5.5. Examples of Filtration as a Part of a Process
    • 5.6. Summary
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 6. Slurry Filterability
    • 6.1. The Nature of the Slurry to be Filtered
    • 6.2. Pretreatment of the Slurry
    • 6.3. Slurry Handling
    • 6.4. Summary
  • Chapter 7. Filter Design
    • 7.1. Vacuum Filtration: Continuous
    • 7.2. Pressure Filtration: Continuous
    • 7.3. Pressure Filtration: Discontinuous
    • 7.4. Centrifugal Filtration
    • 7.5. Summary
  • Chapter 8. Filter Installation
    • 8.1. Human Considerations
    • 8.2. Process Considerations
    • 8.3. Slurry Systems
    • 8.4. Cake Handling
    • 8.5. Summary
  • Chapter 9. Filter Cloth
    • 9.1. Desired Outcomes
    • 9.2. Cloth Design and Manufacture
    • 9.3. Cloth Support Grid
    • 9.4. Cloth in Operation
    • 9.5. Summary
  • Chapter 10. Filter Maintenance
    • 10.1. Particular Issues with Filtration Equipment
    • 10.2. Speed Versus Machine Sympathy
    • 10.3. Component Plant Trials
    • 10.4. Summary
  • Chapter 11. Filter Operation
    • 11.1. Operational Choices
    • 11.2. Summary
  • Chapter 12. Process Testing
    • 12.1. Test Equipment
    • 12.2. Testing Program
    • 12.3. Design of Experiments
    • 12.4. Sampling
    • 12.5. Example Method
    • 12.6. Data Acquisition
    • 12.7. Archiving Data
    • 12.8. Cake Washing
    • 12.9. Analysis
    • 12.10. Summary
  • Chapter 13. Getting the Most from Filtration Processes
    • 13.1. Product Development and Process Design
    • 13.3. Process Optimization
    • 13.4. Summary
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix A. Useful Expressions
  • Appendix B. Flow Through a Growing Porous Filter Cake
  • Appendix C. Forms and Templates
  • Appendix D. Sample Test Method
  • Index


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About the Author

Trevor Sparks

Trevor Sparks PhD., founder of Filter-Ability Ltd, Ireland, is a consultant within the filtration industry, working for end-users and technology-providers. He has worked in the process industries for 20 years and has focussed on filtration for the last 15 of these. He has previously worked for BHR Group Limited, Larox Oyj (now a part of Outotec), Finland, and as a Marie-Curie Research Fellow at UC RUSAL in Ireland. He is a Member of the Council of the Filtration Society.

Affiliations and Expertise

Managing Director, Filter-Ability Ltd., Limerick, Ireland


"An Irish-based consultant to both end users and technology providers of filtration, Sparks offers a guide to engineers and technicians in processing plants and other operations that separate solids and liquids using filters. His topics include the physical phenomena of solid-liquid filtration, competitiveness in processing, filter design, process testing, and getting the most from filtration processes." --Reference and Research Book News, October 2012

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