Solar and Terrestrial Radiation

Solar and Terrestrial Radiation

Methods and Measurements

1st Edition - April 28, 1975

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  • Author: Kinsell Coulson
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323155519

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Description

Solar and Terrestrial Radiation: Methods and Measurements basically summarizes instruments used in routine measurements of solar and terrestrial radiation at the earth’s surface. Because of developments in this field, these certain instruments are sufficiently relevant for meteorological and climatological purposes. Although the emphasis of the book is on the radiation instrumentation, basic theory is still covered and discussed for the purpose of understanding basic radiative processes in the atmosphere. The featured instruments in this book show that if used properly, these instruments can eliminate certain deficiencies in climatological data and routine monitoring of the radiative regime of the surface and lower atmosphere. However, the scope of the study is limited in which they cannot be of use in terms of being precise in studies of climatic change, spectral distribution of atmospheric radiation, and other specific meteorological and technological requirements. This book is designed to be of valuable use to meteorologists, climatologists, and physicists. Students, specifically graduate students, can also make use of the book as well.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Chapter One Principles of Radiation Instruments

    1.1 Definitions, Terminology, and Units

    1.2 Radiation Laws

    1.3 Milestones in Radiation Research

    References

    Chapter Two Radiation Sensors and Sources

    2.1 Radiation Sensors

    2.2 Radiation Sources

    References

    Chapter Three Solar Radiation: Direct Component

    3.1 Transmission by Atmosphere

    3.2 Measurement of the Direct Component: Pyrheliometers

    3.3 Collimator Tubes for Pyrheliometers

    3.4 Calibration of Pyrheliometers

    References

    Chapter Four Solar Radiation: Diffuse Component

    4.1 Skylight Intensity and Distribution

    4.2 Measurement of Diffuse and Global Radiation

    References

    Chapter Five Ultraviolet Radiation from the Sun and Sky

    5.1 The Solar Ultraviolet

    5.2 The Measurement of Ultraviolet Radiation

    References

    Chapter Six Illumination

    6.1 Definitions and Units

    6.2 Measurement of Photometric Quantities

    6.3 Measurements of Natural Illumination

    References

    Chapter Seven Polarization of Light in the Atmosphere

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Polarization of Radiation

    7.3 Theoretical Determinations of Polarization

    7.4 Measurements of Skylight Polarization

    7.5 Instruments for Measuring Polarization

    References

    Chapter Eight Duration of Sunshine

    8.1 Usefulness of Measurements of Sunshine Duration

    8.2 Early Development of Sunshine Recorders

    8.3 Modern Sunshine Recorders

    8.4 Installation of Sunshine Recorders

    8.5 Correlation between Sunshine Duration and Global Radiation

    References

    Chapter Nine The Solar Constant

    9.1 Determinations of the Solar Constant

    9.2 Variability of Solar Radiation

    References

    Chapter Ten Terrestrial Radiation: Field Characteristics

    10.1 General

    10.2 Equation of Radiative Transfer

    10.3 Radiative Heating and Cooling

    10.4 Models of Absorption Lines and Bands

    10.5 The Curtis-Godson Approximation

    10.6 Absorption Spectra of Atmospheric Gases

    10.7 Computations of Fluxes and Heating Rates

    References

    Chapter Eleven Terrestrial Radiation: Methods of Measurement Contents

    11.1 Measurement of Long-Wave Radiation

    11.2 Early Types of Long-Wave Radiometers

    11.3 Important Modern Radiometers

    11.4 Calibration of Pyrradiometers and Net Pyrradiometers

    References

    Appendix A List of Symbols

    Appendix B

    Appendix C

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 334
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: April 28, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323155519

About the Author

Kinsell Coulson

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