Solar and Terrestrial Radiation  - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121929503, 9780323155519

Solar and Terrestrial Radiation

1st Edition

Methods and Measurements

Authors: Kinsell Coulson
eBook ISBN: 9780323155519
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th April 1975
Page Count: 334
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Solar and Terrestrial Radiation: Methods and Measurements basically summarizes instruments used in routine measurements of solar and terrestrial radiation at the earth’s surface. Because of developments in this field, these certain instruments are sufficiently relevant for meteorological and climatological purposes. Although the emphasis of the book is on the radiation instrumentation, basic theory is still covered and discussed for the purpose of understanding basic radiative processes in the atmosphere.

The featured instruments in this book show that if used properly, these instruments can eliminate certain deficiencies in climatological data and routine monitoring of the radiative regime of the surface and lower atmosphere. However, the scope of the study is limited in which they cannot be of use in terms of being precise in studies of climatic change, spectral distribution of atmospheric radiation, and other specific meteorological and technological requirements. This book is designed to be of valuable use to meteorologists, climatologists, and physicists. Students, specifically graduate students, can also make use of the book as well.

Table of Contents

Preface Chapter One Principles of Radiation Instruments 1.1 Definitions, Terminology, and Units 1.2 Radiation Laws 1.3 Milestones in Radiation Research References Chapter Two Radiation Sensors and Sources 2.1 Radiation Sensors 2.2 Radiation Sources References Chapter Three Solar Radiation: Direct Component 3.1 Transmission by Atmosphere 3.2 Measurement of the Direct Component: Pyrheliometers 3.3 Collimator Tubes for Pyrheliometers 3.4 Calibration of Pyrheliometers References Chapter Four Solar Radiation: Diffuse Component 4.1 Skylight Intensity and Distribution 4.2 Measurement of Diffuse and Global Radiation References Chapter Five Ultraviolet Radiation from the Sun and Sky 5.1 The Solar Ultraviolet 5.2 The Measurement of Ultraviolet Radiation References Chapter Six Illumination 6.1 Definitions and Units 6.2 Measurement of Photometric Quantities 6.3 Measurements of Natural Illumination References Chapter Seven Polarization of Light in the Atmosphere 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Polarization of Radiation 7.3 Theoretical Determinations of Polarization 7.4 Measurements of Skylight Polarization 7.5 Instruments for Measuring Polarization References Chapter Eight Duration of Sunshine 8.1 Usefulness of Measurements of Sunshine Duration 8.2 Early Development of Sunshine Recorders 8.3 Modern Sunshine Recorders 8.4 Installation of Sunshine Recorders 8.5 Correlation between Sunshine Duration and Global Radiation References Chapter Nine The Solar Constant 9.1 Determinations of the Solar Constant 9.2 Variability of Solar Radiation References Chapter Ten Terrestrial Radiation: Field Characteristics 10.1 General 10.2 Equation of Radiative Transfer 10.3 Radiative Heating and Cooling 10.4 Models of Absorption Lines and Bands 10.5 The


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© Academic Press 1975
Academic Press
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Kinsell Coulson

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