Solar and Terrestrial Radiation  - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121929503, 9780323155519

Solar and Terrestrial Radiation

1st Edition

Methods and Measurements

Authors: Kinsell Coulson
eBook ISBN: 9780323155519
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th April 1975
Page Count: 334
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Solar and Terrestrial Radiation: Methods and Measurements basically summarizes instruments used in routine measurements of solar and terrestrial radiation at the earth’s surface. Because of developments in this field, these certain instruments are sufficiently relevant for meteorological and climatological purposes. Although the emphasis of the book is on the radiation instrumentation, basic theory is still covered and discussed for the purpose of understanding basic radiative processes in the atmosphere.

The featured instruments in this book show that if used properly, these instruments can eliminate certain deficiencies in climatological data and routine monitoring of the radiative regime of the surface and lower atmosphere. However, the scope of the study is limited in which they cannot be of use in terms of being precise in studies of climatic change, spectral distribution of atmospheric radiation, and other specific meteorological and technological requirements. This book is designed to be of valuable use to meteorologists, climatologists, and physicists. Students, specifically graduate students, can also make use of the book as well.

Table of Contents


Chapter One Principles of Radiation Instruments

1.1 Definitions, Terminology, and Units

1.2 Radiation Laws

1.3 Milestones in Radiation Research


Chapter Two Radiation Sensors and Sources

2.1 Radiation Sensors

2.2 Radiation Sources


Chapter Three Solar Radiation: Direct Component

3.1 Transmission by Atmosphere

3.2 Measurement of the Direct Component: Pyrheliometers

3.3 Collimator Tubes for Pyrheliometers

3.4 Calibration of Pyrheliometers


Chapter Four Solar Radiation: Diffuse Component

4.1 Skylight Intensity and Distribution

4.2 Measurement of Diffuse and Global Radiation


Chapter Five Ultraviolet Radiation from the Sun and Sky

5.1 The Solar Ultraviolet

5.2 The Measurement of Ultraviolet Radiation


Chapter Six Illumination

6.1 Definitions and Units

6.2 Measurement of Photometric Quantities

6.3 Measurements of Natural Illumination


Chapter Seven Polarization of Light in the Atmosphere

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Polarization of Radiation

7.3 Theoretical Determinations of Polarization

7.4 Measurements of Skylight Polarization

7.5 Instruments for Measuring Polarization


Chapter Eight Duration of Sunshine

8.1 Usefulness of Measurements of Sunshine Duration

8.2 Early Development of Sunshine Recorders

8.3 Modern Sunshine Recorders

8.4 Installation of Sunshine Recorders

8.5 Correlation between Sunshine Duration and Global Radiation


Chapter Nine The Solar Constant

9.1 Determinations of the Solar Constant

9.2 Variability of Solar Radiation


Chapter Ten Terrestrial Radiation: Field Characteristics

10.1 General

10.2 Equation of Radiative Transfer

10.3 Radiative Heating and Cooling

10.4 Models of Absorption Lines and Bands

10.5 The Curtis-Godson Approximation

10.6 Absorption Spectra of Atmospheric Gases

10.7 Computations of Fluxes and Heating Rates


Chapter Eleven Terrestrial Radiation: Methods of Measurement Contents

11.1 Measurement of Long-Wave Radiation

11.2 Early Types of Long-Wave Radiometers

11.3 Important Modern Radiometers

11.4 Calibration of Pyrradiometers and Net Pyrradiometers


Appendix A List of Symbols

Appendix B

Appendix C



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© Academic Press 1975
Academic Press
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About the Author

Kinsell Coulson

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