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Water Deficits and Plant Growth, Volume IV: Soil Water Measurement, Plant Responses, and Breeding for Drought Resistance explores the physiological effects of water deficits on plants and their implications on crop yield, water use, and drought resistance. This book also considers drought-resistance measurements and their application to breeding programs. This volume is organized into eight chapters and begins with an overview of measurement of soil water content and the state of water in soils. Particular emphasis is placed on methods developed from technological advances. The next two chapters focus on the structure and functioning of stomata and stomatal conductance in control of gas exchange. The discussion then shifts to the effects of water supply on photosynthesis, leaf shedding, flow of latex, and nitrogen-fixing root nodules. The final chapter is a comprehensive treatment of plant breeding for drought resistance, emphasizing breeding and testing methods as well as parameters and application to breeding programs of drought resistance. This book is a valuable resource for scientists and investigators in fields such as botany, agronomy, forestry, agriculture, and biology.
List of Contributors
Contents of Other Volumes
1. Measurement of Water Content and the State of Water in Soils
II. Methods of Measuring Soil-Water Content
III. Methods of Measuring Soil-Water Potential and Its Components
2. Structure and Functioning of Stomata
II. Comparative Morphology and Fine Structure
IV. Toward the Future—Models of Stomatal Functioning
3. Stomatal Conductance in the Control of Gas Exchange
II. Measurement of Stomatal and Leaf Conductance
III. Relationships with Changes in the External Environment
IV. Relationships with Internal Factors
V. Significance of Stomata in Controlling Gas Exchange
4. Water Deficits and Photosynthesis
I. Inhibition of Photosynthetic Activity
II. Control of Stomatal Aperture, Chloroplast Activity, and Respiration
III. Inhibition of Leaf Growth
IV. Significance of Inhibition of Photosynthesis for Grain Production
5. Water Supply and Leaf Shedding
II. Summer Drought and Leaf Shedding
III. Winter Desiccation and Leaf Shedding
IV. Flooding and Leaf Shedding
V. Disease-Induced Water Deficits and Leaf Shedding
VI. Chemically Induced Leaf Shedding
6. Water Deficits and Flow of Latex
II. Occurrence and Composition of Latex
IV. Mechanisms Involved in the Cessation of Latex Flow
V. Methods of Increasing Latex Flow
7. Water Deficits and Nitrogen-Fixing Root Nodules
II. Effects on Nodule Formation, Morphology, and Structure
III. Physiological Effects on Nodules
IV. Field Studies
8. Plant Breeding for Drought Resistance
I. Breeding and Testing Methods
II. Parameters of Drought Resistance in a Breeding Program
III. Application of Drought-Resistance Measurements in Breeding Programs
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1976
- 28th June 1976
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
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