Social Structure and Behavior

Social Structure and Behavior

Essays in Honor of William Hamilton Sewell

1st Edition - January 28, 1982

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  • Editors: Robert M. Hauser, David Mechanic, Archibald O. Haller
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262987

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Description

Social Structure and Behavior: Essays in Honor of William Hamilton Sewell is a collection of 16 essays dealing with the social psychological aspects of schooling and achievement, social stratification and mobility, measurements and methods, and social structures and wellbeing. The collection discusses the political dimension of stratification, the results of observation of first-graders in their reading group assignments against their social background, and stereotyping practices held by dominant groups of society. Anther papers use a causal model to analyze occupational status and earnings of Cuban exiles in the U.S.; other authors discuss the effects of institutionalization of formal employment in Brazil, and propose a revision of the Duncan Scale by a more comprehensive set of occupational prestige scale. The book also analyzes measurements of ranked preferences using a single latent factor behind the ranked items. One authors points that some sociological terms can be misleading in propounding a sound theory when these terms themselves confound what they are supposed to correlate. The text also addresses the fundamental problems concerning welfare that include order, collective action, and consensus. This collection of essays can interest social workers, sociologists, psychologists, and researchers involved in community development.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Appreciation

    Preface

    Prologue

    I Social Psychological Aspects of Schooling and Achievement

    1. Reflections on the Social Psychology of Status Attainment

    Status Attainment Models

    A Hypothetical Generalization of the Wisconsin Model

    Status Attainment and Social Psychological Proximity

    Models of Status Inheritance and Status Attainment

    Necessary Research

    References

    2. Family Background and Ability Group Assignments

    An In-Depth Study of Ability Grouping

    Initial Group Assignment

    Family Background and Ability Group Assignment

    Factors Affecting Initial Group Assignment

    Change in Ability Group Assignment

    Discussion

    References

    3. Stereotypes: Their Consequences for Race and Ethnic Interaction

    Awareness

    Social Interaction

    Presentation of Self and Group

    The Judgmental Nature of Stereotypes

    Fallacious Inferences

    Conclusion

    References

    4. English Literacy versus Schooling: Attitude and Behavior Consequences in an African Society

    Hypothesized Literacy Consequences

    Setting, Sample, and Measures

    Analysis

    Discussion

    Appendix

    References

    II Social Stratification and Mobility

    5. Immigrants' Attainment: An Analysis of Occupation and Earnings among Cuban Exiles in the United States

    Data

    Preliminary Findings

    Model

    Results

    Conclusion

    References

    6. Social Mobility under Labor Market Segmentation in Brazil

    Labor Market Participation in Brazil

    Inequality and Social Mobility in Brazil

    Market Segmentation and Social Mobility

    Final Comments

    Methodological Appendix

    References

    7. A Revised Socioeconomic Index of Occupational Status: Application in Analysis of Sex Differences in Attainment

    The 1950 Socioeconomic Index for All Occupations

    Updating the 1950 Socioeconomic Index

    Analysis of Occupational Achievement

    Analyzing Sex Differences in Attainment with Different Occupational Indexes

    Choosing a Metric of Occupational Standing

    References

    8. Occupational Status in Nineteenth-Century French Urban Society

    Scale Construction

    Implications

    Conclusions

    References

    III Measurement and Method

    9. The Structure of Social Relationships: Cross-Classifications of Mobility, Kinship, and Friendship

    A Multiplicative Model of the Mobility Table

    Mobility to First Jobs of American Men

    Evaluating the Model

    Mobility Ratios

    Mobility Ratios and Other Measures of Interaction

    Model Specification under Quasi-independence

    Model Specification by Median Fitting

    Sibling Resemblance in Educational Attainment

    Occupational Similarity of Friends

    Comparisons between Classifications

    References

    10. Analyzing η Rankings of Three Items

    Scaling Models

    Analysis of Table 10.1

    Survey of Models That Imply Quasi-Symmetry

    Models That Do Not Imply Quasi-Symmetry

    Means of the Ranks

    Comparing Populations

    Association of Two Rankings

    Analysis of Marginal Heterogeneity and Asymmetry

    Conclusion

    References

    11. Adult Values for Children: An Application of Factor Analysis to Ranked Preference Data

    A Common Factor Model for Ranked Preferences

    Estimation of the Model

    Application of the Model

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    12. "What Is Not What" in Theory Construction

    Confusion of Definition with Hypothesis

    A List of "What Is Not What"

    References

    IV Social Structures and Weil-Being

    13. Individual Welfare and Collective Dilemmas: Problems without Solutions?

    First Considerations

    The Basic Problems

    Examples

    Analysis: Processes, Structures, Consequences

    Conditions and Means for Avoiding and Limiting Undesired Collective Outcomes

    Conclusion

    References

    14. The Madison Study of the Development of Health Orientations and Behavior

    The Initial Study

    The 1977 Follow-Up Study

    The Dimensionality and Stability of Health and Illness Behavior

    Education and Health

    Development of Psychological and Physical Distress

    References

    15. Differential Fertility Regulation 1975

    Zero-Order Relationships

    Joint Analysis of Correlated Variables

    Conclusion

    Appendix A. Statistical Basis for Tables 15.1 and 15.2

    Appendix B. Statistical Basis for Tables 15.4 and 15.5

    References

    16. Subjective Indicators and the Quality of Life

    Subjective Weil-Being and Rural Development in the United States

    Subjective Indicators and Rural Development in Northwestern Wisconsin

    Satisfaction with Work and Community as Related to Rural Development in Northwestern Wisconsin

    Summary and Conclusion

    References

    Publications of William Hamilton Sewell

    Books, Monographs, Bulletins, and Reports

    Journal Articles, Chapters in Books, Proceedings, etc.

    Book Reviews

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 488
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: January 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483262987

About the Editors

Robert M. Hauser

David Mechanic

Archibald O. Haller

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