Social Program Implementation

Social Program Implementation

Quantitative Studies in Social Relations

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editors: Walter Williams, Richard F. Elmore
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220635

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Quantitative Studies in Social Relations: Social Program Implementation provides information pertinent to implementation problems in social policy areas. This book discusses the greatest difficulty in devising better social programs. Organized into five parts encompassing 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of implementation problems in federally funded programs. This text then focuses on the social agency where the many bureaucratic problems in multilayered structure clearly illustrate crucial implementation issues. Other chapters consider the structure and incentive systems of public schools as they relate to the adoption of innovations and to their implementation in the schools. This book discusses as well the idea of planned variation from the perspective of a model sponsor. The final chapter deals with crucial impediment to improving complex operating programs, policy analysis, and experimentation in social policy areas. This book is a valuable resource for policy planners, administrators, and analysts. Researchers engaged in social policy studies will also find this book useful.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    I. An Overview of Implementation

    1. Introduction

    Organization of the Volume

    2. Implementation Problems in Federally Funded Programs

    The Long Process from Policy to Operations

    The Policy and Operations Spheres

    Responsibility for Implementation in a Federal Social Agency

    The Implications of the New Federalism for Implementation

    Some Future Directions for Federal Funding Policy

    II. Education Programs

    3. Incentives for Innovation in the Public Schools

    Introduction: The Institutional Setting

    Consequences for Dissemination of Innovations in the Public Schools

    From Innovation to Implementation

    Implications for Educational R&D


    4. Title V of ESEA: The Impact of Discretionary Funds on State Education Bureaucracies

    Title V Background

    Exploring Title V: Assessment of the Program's Impact

    Title V Outcomes: An Explanation

    Some Working Hypotheses



    5. Follow Through Planned Variation

    Planned Variation, Policy Research, and Implementation

    Social Action and Experimentation

    Selection of Sites and Assignment of Models

    Selection and Specification of Program Models

    Model Implementation

    The Use of Evaluation Results


    6. Planned Variation from the Perspective of a Model Sponsor

    Development of the Model

    Field Implementation as Teacher Training

    Early Expectations

    Problems in In-Service Training


    Implementation: The Realities

    Constraints on Model-Implementation

    The Brighter Side

    Our Mini-Planned Variation Study, 1968-70

    The Value of Comparing Models

    Implications for Planned Variation Research

    Appendix: Research Dissemination System

    7. Is Real-World Experimentation Possible? The Case of Educational Performance Contracting

    The Climate for the Experiment

    Design and Results

    Implementation Difficulties

    Lessons from the Experience

    8. Implementation as Mutual Adaptation: Change in Classroom Organization

    Case Illustrations

    Summary and General Implications

    III. Community-Oriented Programs

    9. Making a New Federal Program: Model Cities, 1964-68

    The Program's Origins

    The Program's First Years

    Concluding Observations

    Sources and Readings

    10. Washington: Angry Citizens and an Ambitious Plan

    Getting Started with Project One

    Planning the New Town

    In Pursuit of Action

    The Logue Plan

    The Federal Response

    The Future of Fort Lincoln

    Federal Disabilities: The Central Government as Social Activist

    IV. Transfer Payment Programs

    11. The Implementation of SSI: Guaranteed Income or Welfare?

    SSA Implementation Strategy

    The Impact of SSI on Other Parts of HEW

    SSI and the States

    V. Implementation Analysis and Assessment Efforts

    12. Implementation Analysis and Assessment

    Key Terms and Crosscutting Issues

    Techniques of Implementation Analysis and Assessment

    Research on Implementation

    Concluding Observations


Product details

  • No. of pages: 318
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483220635

About the Editors

Walter Williams

Richard F. Elmore

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