Social Program Implementation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127568508, 9781483220635

Social Program Implementation

1st Edition

Quantitative Studies in Social Relations

Editors: Walter Williams Richard F. Elmore
eBook ISBN: 9781483220635
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1976
Page Count: 318
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Quantitative Studies in Social Relations: Social Program Implementation provides information pertinent to implementation problems in social policy areas. This book discusses the greatest difficulty in devising better social programs.

Organized into five parts encompassing 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of implementation problems in federally funded programs. This text then focuses on the social agency where the many bureaucratic problems in multilayered structure clearly illustrate crucial implementation issues. Other chapters consider the structure and incentive systems of public schools as they relate to the adoption of innovations and to their implementation in the schools. This book discusses as well the idea of planned variation from the perspective of a model sponsor. The final chapter deals with crucial impediment to improving complex operating programs, policy analysis, and experimentation in social policy areas.

This book is a valuable resource for policy planners, administrators, and analysts. Researchers engaged in social policy studies will also find this book useful.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


I. An Overview of Implementation

1. Introduction

Organization of the Volume

2. Implementation Problems in Federally Funded Programs

The Long Process from Policy to Operations

The Policy and Operations Spheres

Responsibility for Implementation in a Federal Social Agency

The Implications of the New Federalism for Implementation

Some Future Directions for Federal Funding Policy

II. Education Programs

3. Incentives for Innovation in the Public Schools

Introduction: The Institutional Setting

Consequences for Dissemination of Innovations in the Public Schools

From Innovation to Implementation

Implications for Educational R&D


4. Title V of ESEA: The Impact of Discretionary Funds on State Education Bureaucracies

Title V Background

Exploring Title V: Assessment of the Program's Impact

Title V Outcomes: An Explanation

Some Working Hypotheses



5. Follow Through Planned Variation

Planned Variation, Policy Research, and Implementation

Social Action and Experimentation

Selection of Sites and Assignment of Models

Selection and Specification of Program Models

Model Implementation

The Use of Evaluation Results


6. Planned Variation from the Perspective of a Model Sponsor

Development of the Model

Field Implementation as Teacher Training

Early Expectations

Problems in In-Service Training


Implementation: The Realities

Constraints on Model-Implementation

The Brighter Side

Our Mini-Planned Variation Study, 1968-70

The Value of Comparing Models

Implications for Planned Variation Research

Appendix: Research Dissemination System

7. Is Real-World Experimentation Possible? The Case of Educational Performance Contracting

The Climate for the Experiment

Design and Results

Implementation Difficulties

Lessons from the Experience

8. Implementation as Mutual Adaptation: Change in Classroom Organization

Case Illustrations

Summary and General Implications

III. Community-Oriented Programs

9. Making a New Federal Program: Model Cities, 1964-68

The Program's Origins

The Program's First Years

Concluding Observations

Sources and Readings

10. Washington: Angry Citizens and an Ambitious Plan

Getting Started with Project One

Planning the New Town

In Pursuit of Action

The Logue Plan

The Federal Response

The Future of Fort Lincoln

Federal Disabilities: The Central Government as Social Activist

IV. Transfer Payment Programs

11. The Implementation of SSI: Guaranteed Income or Welfare?

SSA Implementation Strategy

The Impact of SSI on Other Parts of HEW

SSI and the States

V. Implementation Analysis and Assessment Efforts

12. Implementation Analysis and Assessment

Key Terms and Crosscutting Issues

Techniques of Implementation Analysis and Assessment

Research on Implementation

Concluding Observations



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© Academic Press 1976
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Walter Williams

Richard F. Elmore

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