Social Organization of an Urban Grants Economy

Social Organization of an Urban Grants Economy

A Study of Business Philanthropy and Nonprofit Organizations

1st Edition - January 28, 1985

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  • Author: Joseph Galaskiewicz
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260990

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Description

Social Organization of an Urban Grants Economy: A Study of Business Philanthropy and Nonprofit Organizations explains the elites, corporate wealth, and human service organizations as players in the urban grants economy. The focus of study is the Twin Cities of Minneapolis-St. Paul. The book discusses social institutions that support an economy of donative transfers, and how these institutions influence who gives, who gets, and who gives to whom. Emphasis is on the belief system that has influence over corporate contributions, boundary-spanning agency roles that have an active role in reducing transactional costs, and selective incentives that have been used to elicit participation. The text also analyzes the volume of corporate contributions in relation to the market position held by the firm and the social position of the executives in the community. Each firm has different rationalizations for its contributions. The role of the agencies has also developed to overcome some uncertainties present in the corporation's contributing to nonprofits organizations. The text focuses on the production of collective goods, the peer-group which ensures participation in the collective enterprise, the institutionalization and socialization of values, as well as, the interaction of various agency roles. The book can prove valuable for social scientists, for heads of non-profit organizations, for officials of social and welfare departments of local governments, or for political scientists, economists, and historians.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    The Emerald City

    Twin Cities: History and Current Character

    Outline of the Study

    1 The Grants Economy

    Introduction

    Sorting Out Self- and Other Interests

    Gifts and Collective Action

    The Problems Endemic to Collective Action

    Transaction Costs and Collective Action

    The Institutions of a Grants Economy

    Prestige as Selective Incentive in Gift-Giving Situations

    Collectivist Values

    Managing Transaction Costs

    Summary and Discussion

    Notes

    2 Selective Incentives for Corporate Contributions

    Introduction

    Contributions as Public Relations

    Hypotheses

    Contributions as Social Currency

    Hypotheses

    Measurement

    Contributions as Public Relations: Analysis

    Contributions as Social Currency: Analysis

    Evaluating the Two Theses on Giving

    The Elite as Agent

    Summary and Discussion

    Notes

    3 From Self-Interest to Enlightened Self-Interest

    Introduction

    Enlightened Self-Interest

    Business Leaders and the Ethic of Enlightened Self-Interest

    Hypotheses

    Measurement

    Contributions as Enlightened Self-Interest: Analysis

    Contributions as Enlightened Self-Interest: Another Look

    Summary and Discussion

    Notes

    4 Cutting Transaction Costs through Agency

    Introduction

    Corporations and Brokerages

    Corporations and Contributions Professionals

    Agency Roles

    A Theory of Agency Usage

    Hypotheses

    Measurement

    Giving through Contributions Professionals

    Giving through Brokerages

    Summary and Discussion

    Notes

    5 Who Gets What, When, and How?

    Introduction

    The Quest for the Elusive Maximand

    Securing Funding in an Open Grants Economy

    Hypotheses

    Measurement

    The Finances of the Nonprofit Organization

    Managing Donor Impressions of Nonprofit Organizations

    Explaining Corporate Support

    Summary and Discussion

    Notes

    6 Matching and Mating in a Grants Economy

    Introduction

    Transactions in Unstructured Organizational Fields

    Exchange Processes and Donor Allocations

    Managing Uncertainty and Donor Allocations

    Hypotheses

    Measurement

    Modeling Dyadic and Nodal Data Using Regression Analysis

    Retesting the Contributions-as-Public-Relations Thesis

    Retesting the Contributions-as-Social-Currency Thesis

    Retesting the Agency Thesis

    Summary and Discussion

    Notes

    7 Conclusions

    Introduction

    The Grants Economy

    The Grants Economy as a Network of Collective Action

    Contributions to the Theory of Collective Action

    Reducing Uncertainty and Transaction Costs

    Contributions to Transaction-Cost Analysis

    From the Old Boy Network to Organized Philanthropy

    Notes

    Appendix A: The Corporate Donor Survey

    Appendix B: The Elite Surveys

    Appendix C: The Nonprofit Organization Survey

    References

    Author Index

    Subject index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 300
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1985
  • Published: January 28, 1985
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260990

About the Author

Joseph Galaskiewicz

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