Social Accounting Systems

Social Accounting Systems

Essays on the State of the Art

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Editors: F. Thomas Juster, Kenneth C Land
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274119

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Description

Social Accounting Systems: Essays on the State of the Art contains essays prepared during a workshop aimed at the development and promulgation of objectives for future work on social accounting, and the making of recommendations to achieve them by evaluating existing demographic and time-based accounting models. The essays describe and evaluate the state of the art of extant empirically based approaches to social accounting. The book opens with an overview chapter that describes the organizations of the Workshop on Social Accounting Systems at which the essays were presented and discussed, the nature of the tasks assigned to authors, and the major themes of workshop discussions. This is followed by separate chapters on time-based social accounting systems and demographic accounting; how subjective social indicators can be related to social accounting systems; and general evaluations of the systems described in the previous chapters. This book will be primarily of interest to social scientists and statisticians concerned with the development and integration of national data systems and with social indicator analyses. They also will be germane to the interests of students of contemporary social change and the quality of life.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Foreword

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    1 Social Accounting Systems: An Overview

    Introduction

    The Workshop on Social Accounting Systems

    Different Interpretations of Social Accounting

    Uses of Social Accounting Systems

    Alternative Data Strategies

    Conclusions and Next Steps

    References

    2 The Theory and Measurement of Well-Being: A Suggested Framework for Accounting and Analysis

    Introduction

    Resources, Activities, and Outcomes

    Framework of the Accounts System

    Empirical Analysis

    Appendix A: The Value Added Problem in Measuring Net Social Output

    Postworkshop Reflections on Level of Aggregation Issues

    References

    3 A Social Production Framework for Resource Accounting

    The Approach

    The Social Production Concept

    An Illustration of Social Production as a Historical Process

    Outline of a System of Social Cost Accounting

    Conclusions

    References

    4 A Behavior Setting Approach to Social Accounts Combining Concepts and Data from Ecological Psychology, Economics, and Studies of Time Use

    The Current Status of Our Approach

    Derivation and Implications of a Scalar Measure of Total Income for Individuals and Population Aggregates

    Social Accounts for Urban-Centers Regions

    Behavior Settings as Basic Units in Social Accounts for Complete Communities

    Behavior Mechanisms as a Link between Barker's Methods of Behavior Setting Surveys and the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) System for Describing Jobs

    The Dictionary of Occupational Titles and Handbook for Analyzing Jobs (DOT-HAJ) System for Describing Jobs

    Descriptive Uses of Dot and Census Variables within the Framework of Gainful Employment at United States and Subnational Levels

    Assigning Equivalent Dollar Values to Behavior Inputs Used in Gainful Employment

    Estimating the Values of Behavior Inputs Made by the Entire Population of the Des Moines BEA Economic Area

    A National Linkage of the DOT-HAJ System with the SRC Survey of Time Use

    Prospects for a Comprehensive System of Social Accounts Linking Barker's Concepts with Published Data Systems

    Suggestions for Data Development and Implications for Social Indicators Research

    References

    5 Social Accounts Based on Map, Clock, and Calendar

    Introduction

    Divisibility, Proximity, and Recurrence as Organized Features of the Physical World

    Recurrence and Surprise in Human Activities

    Human Physical Coordination

    Systematic Accident

    Gradual versus Abrupt Change

    The Rhythmic Structure of Human Life

    Physical Precedence

    Four Basic Principles

    A Strategy for Social Environmental and Public Service Accounts

    Accounting Tactics

    Some Examples

    Discussion

    References

    6 Demographic Accounts and the Study of Social Change, with Applications to the Post-World War II United States

    The Demographic Approach to Social Accounting

    Social Change in a Demographic Accounting Framework

    Problems in the Construction of Empirical Demographic Accounts for the Post-World War II United States

    Concluding Comments—A Research Agenda for Demographic Accounting

    References

    7 The Relationship of Demographic Accounts to National Income and Product Accounts

    Introduction

    Demographic Accounts and Models

    Economic Accounts and Models

    Relating the Two Sets of Accounts and Models

    Evaluation and Commentary

    References

    8 Subjective Social Indicators, Objective Social Indicators, and Social Accounting Systems

    Introduction

    Conceptualization and Measurement of Perceived Well-Being

    Subjective Social Indicators and Social Accounting Systems

    Relationships between Subjective and Objective Social Indicators

    The Formation of Perceptions of Well-Being

    Some Promising Lines of Further Inquiry

    Summary

    References

    9 Social Indicators, Social Change, and Social Accounting: Toward More Integrated and Dynamic Models

    Social Indicators and Social Change: Promise and Problems

    The General Approach of Social Accounting

    Time-Based, Economic Accounting

    Demographic Accounting

    Integration and Extension

    Postworkshop Reflections

    References

    10 The Conceptual and Empirical Strengths and Limitations of Demographic and Time-Based Accounts

    Alternative Proposals for Social Accounting Systems

    Comparisons of Alternative Approaches to Social Accounting

    References

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 506
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274119

About the Editors

F. Thomas Juster

Kenneth C Land

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