Soccer Hooliganism

Soccer Hooliganism

A Preliminary Report

1st Edition - January 1, 1968

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  • Authors: Denis Howell, J. A. Harrington
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483183343

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Soccer Hooliganism: A Preliminary Report focuses on the study of the intrusion of hooliganism into sports, especially football. This book begins with a description of the methods of inquiry that surveys and evaluates existing opinions regarding the problem of football hooliganism, followed by a discussion of its extent and seriousness. The nature of football hooliganism, which includes rowdysim, horseplay and threatening behavior, foul support, soccermania, football riots, and vandalism are also reviewed in detail. Injuries resulting from hooliganism are also elaborated. Other topics include the characteristics of convicted hooligans, causes and epidemiology of hooliganism, and ethological study of football crowds. This text concludes with a deliberation of the control and prevention of hooliganism, including a summary of the main findings and recommendations of the problem. This publication is suitable for specialists and medical practitioners concerned with the psychiatric studies of convicted hooligans or misbehavior among spectators.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    1. Methods of Inquiry

    Opinion Poll by Questionnaires

    Information Given by Police

    Other Methods

    2. The Extent of the Problem

    Is Hooliganism Increasing?

    How Serious is the Problem ?

    Table I (Analysis of Questionnaire)

    3. The Nature of the Problem

    Types of Soccer Hooliganism

    Injuries Resulting from Hooliganism

    4. The Offenders

    Sampling Problems

    Types of Offender

    Characteristics of Convicted Hooligans

    Tables II, III, IV (Convicted Hooligans)

    5. Causes of Hooliganism

    Individual Psychological Factors


    Crowd Psychology

    Fan Groups

    Violent Gangs

    Chanting and Chant Leaders

    6. Epidemiology of Hooliganism

    Success or Failure of Teams

    Special Games and Teams

    Visiting Teams

    Influence of Foreign Teams and Supporters

    The Interval

    Delayed Reactions

    Night Games

    Overcrowding and Small Attendances

    The Weather


    Family Background

    Society and the Football Hooligan

    7. Other Correlates of Hooliganism

    Disturbances on the Field

    Ethological Study of Football Crowds

    Standard of Refereeing

    Publicity and the Mass Media

    Ground Facilities

    8. The Control of Hooliganism

    Crowd Control

    Identification and Arrest of Offenders

    Public Attitudes and Co-operation with the Police


    Punishment of Offenders

    9. Public Transport and the Hooligan

    The Railways

    Motor Coaches

    10. Prevention of Hooliganism

    11. Hooliganism and the Future of Football

    12. Summary of Main Findings and Recommendations

Product details

  • No. of pages: 64
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1968
  • Published: January 1, 1968
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483183343

About the Authors

Denis Howell

J. A. Harrington

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