Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing, volume 2: 4D Printing Mechanics, Modeling, and Advanced Engineering Applications

Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing, volume 2: 4D Printing Mechanics, Modeling, and Advanced Engineering Applications

1st Edition - June 25, 2022

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  • Editors: Mahdi Bodaghi, Ali Zolfagharian
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323954303
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323954310

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Description

4D-Printed Smart Materials and Structures: Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing, Volume Two provides a thorough introduction to the fundamentals of the mechanics, manufacturing, modeling and applications of 4D printed smart materials and structures. The book covers basic theories, definitions and fabrication details of 4D printing and various smart materials such as shape memory polymers, stimuli-responsive hydrogels, pneumatic soft actuators, dielectric elastomer soft robots, liquid crystal elastomers, shape memory alloys, and magnetic stimulus structures. In addition, it examines the mechanics of these materials and their various applications, covering topics such as variable stiffness, miniature-sized 4D printing, and more. Finally, the book includes a chapter on machine learning in 4D printing, with applications in mechanical, aerospace, civil and structural engineering, among others.

Key Features

  • Covers the mechanics, manufacturing processes and applications of 4D-printed smart materials and structures
  • Discusses applications in civil, mechanical, aerospace, polymer and biomedical engineering
  • Presents experimental, numerical and analytical studies in a simple and straightforward manner, providing tools that can be immediately implemented and adapted by readers to fit their work

Readership

Academic researchers, graduate and post-graduate students. Additive manufacturing lab technicians in both academia and industry, engineers and materials scientists

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Contributors
  • Editors biography
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: 4D printing mechanics, modeling, and advanced engineering applications
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • 4D printing electro-induced shape memory polymers
  • 4D printing modeling using ABAQUS: A guide for beginners
  • 4D printing modeling via machine learning
  • 4D-printed pneumatic soft actuators modeling, fabrications, and control
  • 4D-printed auxetic structures with tunable mechanical properties
  • 4D-printed shape memory polymers: modeling and fabrication
  • 4D textiles—Materials, processes, and future applications
  • Closed-loop control of 4D-printed hydrogel soft robots
  • Hierarchical motion of 4D-printed structures using the temperature memory effect
  • Manufacturing highly elastic skin integrated with twisted coiled polymer muscles: Toward 4D printing
  • Multimaterial 4D printing simulation using grasshopper plugin
  • Origami-inspired 4D RF and wireless structures and modules
  • Shape-reversible 4D printing aided by shape memory alloys
  • Variable stiffness 4D printing
  • References
  • 2: 4D printing electro-induced shape memory polymers
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Materials, working principle, and similar structures in 4D printing
  • Integration of conductive PLA
  • Investigation of SMP structures
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 3: 4D printing modeling using ABAQUS: A guide for beginners
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Results and discussions
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 4: 4D printing modeling via machine learning
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • FEM modeling using hyperplastic material constitutive laws
  • Results and discussions
  • Discussions
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 5: 4D-printed pneumatic soft actuators modeling, fabrication, and control
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • 4D-printed pneumatic soft actuators
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 6: 4D-printed structures with tunable mechanical properties
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Shape memory polymer material
  • Stability and functional properties of 4D-printed specimens
  • Summary and concluding remarks
  • References
  • 7: 4D-printed shape memory polymer: Modeling and fabrication
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • 4D printing programming
  • Constitutive equations
  • Fabrication and modeling 4D-printed elements
  • Case studies
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 8: 4D textiles: Materials, processes, and future applications
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • State of the art
  • Printing method
  • Form giving through surface tessellation
  • Applications
  • Conclusion and outcomes
  • References
  • 9: Closed-loop control of 4D-printed hydrogel soft robots
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Motion mechanism of the soft actuator
  • Materials and methods
  • Results and discussions
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 10: Hierarchical motion of 4D-printed structures using the temperature memory effect
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Temperature memory effect: Basics and literature review
  • Experimental testing
  • Constitutive modeling
  • Case study
  • Conclusions and perspectives
  • References
  • 11: Manufacturing highly elastic skin integrated with twisted and coiled polymer muscles: Toward 4D printing
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Materials
  • Manufacturing
  • Results and discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 12: Multimaterial 4D printing simulation using a grasshopper plugin
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Computational design for 4D printing
  • Case studies
  • Conclusion and future work
  • Appendix: The distribution Computation component
  • References
  • 13: Origami-inspired 4D tunable RF and wireless structures and modules
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Origami-inspired inkjet-printed FSS structures
  • Fabrication process of 4D-printed origami-inspired RF structures
  • 4D-printed origami-inspired frequency selective surfaces
  • 4D-printed chipless RFID pressure sensors for WSN applications
  • 4D-printed origami-inspired deployable and reconfigurable antennas
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • 14: Shape-reversible 4D printing aided by shape memory alloys
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Materials and methods
  • Simulation of actuation cycle
  • Numerical and experimental results
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • 15: Variable stiffness 4D printing
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgment
  • Introduction
  • Design and working principle
  • Fabrication process and experimental setup
  • Results and discussion
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 464
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: June 25, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323954303
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323954310

About the Editors

Mahdi Bodaghi

Dr Mahdi Bodaghi (BSc, MSc, PhD, PGCAP, FHEA, CEng, MIMechE) is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Engineering, School of Science and Technology at Nottingham Trent University. Mahdi heads the 4D Materials & Printing Laboratory (4DMPL) that hosts a broad portfolio of projects focusing on the electro-thermo-mechanical multi-scale behaviours of smart materials, soft robots, and 3D/4D printing technologies. In the recent twelve years, he has been working towards the advancement of state-of-the-art smart materials and additive manufacturing leading him to co-found the 4D Printing Society and to co-edit the book series, Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing. His research has led to the publication of over 120 scientific papers in prestigious journals in mechanics, manufacturing and materials science, as well as the presentation of his work at major international conferences. Mahdi has also served as Chairman and member of Scientific Committees for 10 International Conferences, as Guest Editor for 10 Journals, as Editorial Board Member for 8 scientific Journals, and as Reviewer for over 130 Journals. Mahdi’s research awards include the Best Doctoral Thesis Award of 2015, 2016 CUHK Postdoctoral Fellowship, the Annual Best Paper Award in Mechanics and Material Systems presented by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 2017, 2018 Horizon Postdoctoral Fellowship Awardee, and 2021 IJPEM-GT Contribution Award recognized by the Korea Society for Precision Engineering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer in the Department of Engineering, School of Science and Technology at Nottingham Trent University

Ali Zolfagharian

Dr Ali Zolfagharian (BSc, MSc, PhD, ADPRF, GCHE) is a Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Science, Engineering and Built Environment, School of Engineering at Deakin University, Australia. He has been among the 2% top cited scientists listed by Stanford University and Elsevier (2020), the Alfred Deakin Medallist for Best Doctoral Thesis (2019), and the Alfred Deakin Postdoctoral Fellowship Awardee (2018). He has been directing 4D Printing and Robotic Materials lab at Deakin University since 2018. Ali is co-founder of the 4D Printing Society, co-editor of the Smart Materials in Additive Manufacturing book series published by Elsevier, and a technical committee member of 5 international conferences. From 2020–2022, he has received more than AUD 200k research funds from academic and industrial firms. Ali's research outputs on flexible manipulators, soft grippers, robotic materials 3D/4D printing, and bioprinting include 71 articles, 15 special issues, being editor of 2 journals, and 5 books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Science, Engineering and Built Environment, School of Engineering at Deakin University, Australia.

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