Smart Cities Policies and Financing

Smart Cities Policies and Financing

Approaches and Solutions

1st Edition - January 19, 2022

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  • Editor: John Vacca
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128191309
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128191316

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Description

Smart Cities Policies and Financing: Approaches and Solutions is the definitive professional reference for harnessing the full potential of policy making and financial planning in smart cities. It covers the effective tools for capturing the dynamic relations between people, policies, financing, and environments, and where they are most often useful and effective for all relevant stakeholders. The book examines the key role of science, technology, and innovation (STI) - especially in information and communications technologies - in the design, development, and management of smart cities policies and financing. It identifies the problems and offers practical solutions in implementation of smart infrastructure policies and financing. Smart Cities Policies and Financing is also about how the implementation of smart infrastructure projects (related to the challenges of the lack of financing and the application of suitable policies) underlines the key roles of science, technology and innovation (STI) communities in addressing these challenges and provides key policies and financing that will help guide the design and development of smart cities.

Key Features

  • Brings together experts from academia, government and industry to offer state-of- the-art solutions for improving the lives of billions of people in cities around the globe
  • Creates awareness among governments of the various policy tools available, such as output-based contracting, public-private partnerships, procurement policies, long-term contracting, and targeted research funds in order to promote smart infrastructure implementation, and encouraging the use of such tools to shape markets for smart infrastructure and correct market failures
  • Ensures the insclusiveness of smart city projects by adequately addressing the special needs of marginalized sections of society including the elderly, persons with disabilities, and inhabitants of informal settlements and informal sectors
  • Ensures gender considerations in the design of smart cities and infrastructure through the use of data generated by smart systems to make cities safer and more responsive to the needs of women
  • Demonstrate practical implementation through real-life case studies
  • Enhances reader comprehension using learning aids such as hands-on exercises, checklists, chapter summaries, review questions, and an extensive appendix of additional resources

Readership

Smart cities academic and corporate researchers, graduate students, professors, professionals, and government policy-makers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Contributors
  • About the editor
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Part I. Overview of urbanization policies and financial trends: a comprehensive introduction
  • Chapter 1. Introduction to industry 4.0: smart cities policies and financing
  • 1.1. Introduction
  • 1.2. Smart city policy
  • 1.3. Industry revolutions
  • 1.4. Smart city generations development
  • 1.5. Summary
  • 1.6. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 2. The need to localize smart infrastructure policies and financing
  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Context, culture, and economics for local smart cities
  • 2.3. Holistic problem-solving for smart cities
  • 2.4. Locally relevant policies and financing concepts
  • 2.5. Key civic policy and financing instruments
  • 2.6. Summary
  • 2.7. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Part II. Implementing smart infrastructure: some key challenges and science, technology and innovation-driven policy and financial instruments
  • Chapter 3. Revolutionizing the localization of smart city infrastructure policies and financing
  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Mobility trend
  • 3.3. Smart mobility and important factors
  • 3.4. Mobility drivers and trends
  • 3.5. New actions for to improve the e-mobility
  • 3.6. Summary
  • 3.7. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 4. Harnessing the local innovation system: an overarching solution for policy and financing instruments for promoting the localization of smart infrastructure
  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Digital player
  • 4.3. How mobility is changing
  • 4.4. Charging infrastructure
  • 4.5. Charging stations for public enviroment
  • 4.6. Cost of charging an electric vehicle
  • 4.7. Summary
  • 4.8. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 5. Smart counties: technologies, considerations, characteristics, challenges, policies, and theoretical concerns
  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Smart technologies
  • 5.3. The smartification equation: from collection to application
  • 5.4. Smartification considerations
  • 5.5. Smartification in counties
  • 5.6. General smartification concerns and benefits
  • 5.7. Theoretical concerns
  • 5.8. Smartification and smart growth
  • 5.9. Summary
  • 5.10. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 6. From community plan to clean energy infrastructure: policy, partnership, and investment
  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Activist informed policy
  • 6.3. The roadmap to carbon-free energy
  • 6.4. The future takes shape: shutting down coal and envisioning equity
  • 6.5. Summary
  • 6.6. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 7. Energy efficiency in urban planning for smart cities in the developing world
  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Guidelines for energy efficiency in urban planning
  • 7.3. Developing energy-efficient urban plan for cities
  • 7.4. Developing an strategic urban plan for cities in Egypt
  • 7.5. Responsibilities
  • 7.6. Different steps
  • 7.7. Summary
  • 7.8. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 8. Transportation policies for connected and automated mobility in smart cities
  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Connected and automated mobility
  • 8.3. Safety guidance for automated vehicles
  • 8.4. Communication for connected mobility
  • 8.5. Cybersecurity and privacy
  • 8.6. Cooperative driving automation
  • 8.7. Navigation of CAVs
  • 8.8. Policies for connected and automated mobility services
  • 8.9. Parking and land use
  • 8.10. Legislation
  • 8.11. Public perception
  • 8.12. Summary
  • 8.13. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 9. Public–private-partnerships (PPP) enabled smart city funding and financing
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Literature review
  • 9.3. Smart city definitions
  • 9.4. The potential funding options for smart cities
  • 9.5. PPP definition, its theory, and advantages
  • 9.6. Components of PPP-Based funding and financing
  • 9.7. Funding and financing strategies in PPP-Based smart cities
  • 9.8. Components of PPP-Based smart cities funding and financing
  • 9.9. Summary
  • 9.10. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Part III. Human resources skills gaps
  • Chapter 10. Preparing students for interdisciplinary work: green infrastructure curricula at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • 10.1. Introduction
  • 10.2. Smart cities and green infrastructure
  • 10.3. Educating professionals
  • 10.4. Summary
  • 10.5. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on Projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 11. Teaching sustainability in metro Orlando: the evolution of the pragmatic liberal arts at Rollins college
  • 11.1. Introduction
  • 11.2. Common sense education and an ideal campus: Hamilton Holt's legacy
  • 11.3. Bike trails, nature preserves, and green communities
  • 11.4. Winter park: sacrosanct space and active transportation
  • 11.5. Greenworks action plan: making Orlando the greenest city in the Southeast
  • 11.6. Sustainability's challenge: affordable housing and homelessness
  • 11.7. Summary
  • 11.8. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 12. Partnering with technology firms to train smart city workforces
  • 12.1. Introduction
  • 12.2. Why skill
  • 12.3. Technology-based skilling verticals for a smart city
  • 12.4. Smart city training framework
  • 12.5. Upskilling in creating a smart city
  • 12.6. Technology horizontals for skilling
  • 12.7. Preparing for the future technologies
  • 12.8. Expectation from technology vendors
  • 12.9. Summary
  • 12.10. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 13. Training professional smart city workforces through a partnership with technology firms
  • 13.1. Introduction
  • 13.2. Smart city workforces
  • 13.3. Skills gap
  • 13.4. Relations between education and areas of expertise
  • 13.5. Partnership with technology firms
  • 13.6. Conclusion
  • 13.7. Summary
  • 13.8. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 14. Training smart city workforces with a wide range of electronic and digital technologies
  • 14.1. Introduction
  • 14.2. Characteristics
  • 14.3. Frameworks
  • 14.4. Criticism
  • 14.5. Summary
  • 14.6. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Part IV. Lack of financing and well-developed business models
  • Chapter 15. Digitization, automation, operation, and monetization: the changing management of sidewalk and kerb 2000–25
  • 15.1. Introduction
  • 15.2. Twenty-first century footpaths, sidewalks, or pavements
  • 15.3. Rights to the footway and kerb
  • 15.4. Summary
  • 15.5. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 16. Digitization, automation, operation, and monetization: standardizing the management of sidewalk and kerb 2025–50
  • 16.1. Introduction
  • 16.2. Delivery robot technology will out-disrupt the passenger robotaxi
  • 16.3. An international standard to manage pathway robots
  • 16.4. Pathway robots and business improvement areas
  • 16.5. Summary
  • 16.6. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 17. Innovative smart applications for solid waste management
  • 17.1. Introduction
  • 17.2. Various methods of waste disposal
  • 17.3. The best methods of waste management
  • 17.4. Recycling
  • 17.5. Energy from incineration
  • 17.6. Summary
  • 17.7. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 18. Digital infrastructure policies for data security and privacy in smart cities
  • 18.1. Introduction
  • 18.2. Data anonymity
  • 18.3. Data encryption
  • 18.4. Collaborative computations
  • 18.5. Summary
  • 18.6. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 19. Financing smart cities—an Indian case study
  • 19.1. Introduction
  • 19.2. Convergence of missions
  • 19.3. Six differentiators
  • 19.4. Various sources of finance for an smart city
  • 19.5. The SPV—an Agra case study
  • 19.6. ICCC project of Agra smart city limited
  • 19.7. The tender evaluation process by cities
  • 19.8. Innovative quality cum based selection (QCBS) methodology
  • 19.9. Payment terms and schedule
  • 19.10. Conclusion
  • 19.11. Summary
  • 19.12. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Part V. Governance: balancing top-down and bottom-up policy approaches
  • Chapter 20. Policy instruments for facilitating smart city governance by promoting platforms for bottom-up participatory governance
  • 20.1. Introduction
  • 20.2. Smart city governance—understanding, aspects and the role of ICT
  • 20.3. Basic policies for smart city governance
  • 20.4. Platforms supporting bottom-up participatory governance
  • 20.5. Summary
  • 20.6. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercises
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 21. Promoting platforms for bottom-up participatory governance: a policy instrument approach through the facilitation of strategic smart city governance
  • 21.1. Introduction
  • 21.2. The cities of the future
  • 21.3. Governance of smart cities
  • 21.4. Instruments of governance and cultural change
  • 21.5. Summary
  • 21.6. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 22. Policy instruments for facilitating smart city governance
  • 22.1. Introduction
  • 22.2. Literature review: methods and the corpus
  • 22.3. The components of smart governance
  • 22.4. Summary
  • 22.5. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Part VI. Designing inclusive smart cities policy instruments
  • Chapter 23. Provide affordable smart infrastructure policy applications for informal sectors
  • 23.1. Introduction
  • 23.2. Smart cities and infrastructure
  • 23.3. Energy
  • 23.4. Transport
  • 23.5. Traffic management
  • 23.6. Health care
  • 23.7. Market growth
  • 23.8. Implementation
  • 23.9. Results and discussions
  • 23.10. Summary
  • 23.11. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 24. Customizable service level agreement (SLA) generator platform using FCAPS management to enhance Quality of Experience (QoE) on Internet of Things (IoT)
  • 24.1. Introduction
  • 24.2. Research problem
  • 24.3. Prior art
  • 24.4. Research proposal
  • 24.5. High-level ontology design
  • 24.6. SLA assignment process
  • 24.7. Summary
  • 24.8. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 25. Effective value capturing of mobility and public transportation through efficient urban planning
  • 25.1. Introduction
  • 25.2. Urban policies in India
  • 25.3. Beginning with a strategic vision for urban planning and development
  • 25.4. Capturing value by implementing unique financing mechanisms
  • 25.5. Global lessons and way forward
  • 25.6. Conclusion
  • 25.7. Summary
  • 25.8. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Part VII. Smart infrastructure design principles and financial policy approaches
  • Chapter 26. Urban design strategies and the smart city paradigm
  • 26.1. Introduction
  • 26.2. Unpacking the smart city paradigm
  • 26.3. The role of urban design in shaping cities
  • 26.4. Smart city technologies and urban design challenges
  • 26.5. The future design of cities
  • 26.6. Summary
  • 26.7. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 27. Smart City Technologies plus Nature-Based Solutions: viable and valuable resources for urban resilience
  • 27.1. Introduction
  • 27.2. Urban resilience policies in the context of sustainability: the continuing battle for sustainability will be held in the cities
  • 27.3. Nature-Based Solutions, the ultimate resource for urban resilience
  • 27.4. Smart City Technologies applied to NBS
  • 27.5. Viability of NBS
  • 27.6. Added value of SCT plus NBS
  • 27.7. Propositions for an upcoming agenda: nature-based smart urban projects
  • 27.8. Summary
  • 27.9. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 28. Financial and technical planning of decarbonized hybrid energy systems for modern cities
  • 28.1. Introduction
  • 28.2. Nuclear-Renewable Integrated Energy System (N-R IES)
  • 28.3. A case study: modeling of system architecture
  • 28.4. Optimization problem
  • 28.5. Simulation results
  • 28.6. Sensitivity assessment
  • 28.7. Future work
  • 28.8. Summary
  • 28.9. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 29. Reactive power compensation for voltage variation mitigation in grid with renewable energy
  • 29.1. Introduction
  • 29.2. Overview of utility grid
  • 29.3. Methodology
  • 29.4. Results and discussion
  • 29.5. Summary
  • 29.6. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 30. DC smart micro grid protection system
  • 30.1. Introduction
  • 30.2. DC micro grids
  • 30.3. DC protection system
  • 30.4. Principle of protection system
  • 30.5. Research prospect
  • 30.6. Summary
  • 30.7. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 31. Identification and classification of faults using Stockwell transform and decision rule
  • 31.1. Introduction
  • 31.2. Methodology and test system
  • 31.3. Result and discussion
  • 31.4. Summary
  • 31.5. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 32. Evaluation of fuel production technologies by using renewable energy for smart cities
  • 32.1. Introduction
  • 32.2. Renewable fuel production technologies
  • 32.3. Fuel production by using solar energy
  • 32.4. Fuel production by using wind energy
  • 32.5. Summary
  • 32.6. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 33. Solving traffic congestion and parking scarcity with narrow track vehicles
  • 33.1. Introduction: the traffic challenge
  • 33.2. Potential solutions
  • 33.3. Another way of thinking
  • 33.4. Disrupting disruption
  • 33.5. What are the alternatives?
  • 33.6. Potential financial benefits to cities
  • 33.7. Summary
  • 33.8. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 34. Modeling and simulation for connected and automated vehicle (CAV) deployment and performance evaluation
  • 34.1. Introduction
  • 34.2. CAV use cases
  • 34.3. CAV integrated modeling and simulation
  • 34.4. Control strategies with deep learning
  • 34.5. Communication and cybersecurity layers for CAV systems
  • 34.6. CAV test platform
  • 34.7. Robot-assisted CAV systems
  • 34.8. CAV deployment in smart cities
  • 34.9. Summary
  • 34.10. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Chapter 35. VUCA: volatility, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity in our smart city and tech finance future
  • 35.1. Introduction
  • 35.2. What is new is old again
  • 35.3. Flows of sewage, streams of revenue
  • 35.4. All drivers are above average
  • 35.5. Repaving paradise, potholes in parking lots
  • 35.6. Complexity meets complications
  • 35.7. Unintended consequences
  • 35.8. The onerous ship
  • 35.9. Summary
  • 35.10. Chapter review questions/exercises
  • Exercise
  • Hands-on projects
  • Case projects
  • Optional team case project
  • Part VIII Appendices
  • Appendix A. List of top smart cities and critical infrastructure policies and financing implementation and deployment companies
  • Appendix B. List of smart cities and critical infrastructure policies and financing products
  • Appendix C. List of smart cities and critical infrastructure policies and financing standards
  • Appendix D. List of miscellaneous smart cities and critical infrastructure policies and financing resources
  • Appendix E. Smart cities and critical infrastructure policies and financing frequently asked questions
  • Appendix F. List of smart cities and critical infrastructure policies and financing case studies
  • Appendix G. Answers to review questions/exercises, hands-on projects, case projects, and optimal team case project by chapter
  • Appendix H. Glossary
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 640
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 19, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128191309
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128191316

About the Editor

John Vacca

John Vacca

John Vacca is an information technology consultant, researcher, professional writer, editor, reviewer, and internationally-known best-selling author based in Pomeroy, Ohio. Since 1982, John has authored/edited 85 books (some of his most recent books include):

    •Smart Cities Policies and Financing: Approaches and Solutions, 1st Edition (Publisher: Elsevier Inc.) (January 24, 2022) •Cloud Computing Security: Foundations and Challenges, 2nd Edition (Publisher: CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, LLC) (November 2, 2020)) •Solving Urban Infrastructure Problems Using Smart City Technologies: Handbook on Planning, Design, Development, and Regulation, 1st Edition (Publisher: Elsevier Inc.) (September 30, 2020)) •Online Terrorist Propaganda, Recruitment, and Radicalization, 1st Edition (Publisher: CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, LLC) (August 9, 2019)) •Nanoscale Networking and Communications Handbook, 1st Edition (Publisher: CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, LLC) (July 22, 2019)) •Computer and Information Security Handbook, 3E (Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann (an imprint of Elsevier Inc.) (June 10, 2017)) •Security in the Private Cloud (Publisher: CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, LLC) (September 1, 2016)) •Cloud Computing Security: Foundations and Challenges (Publisher: CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, LLC) (August 19, 2016)) •Handbook of Sensor Networking: Advanced Technologies and Applications (Publisher: CRC Press (an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, LLC) (January 14, 2015)) •Network and System Security, Second Edition, 2E (Publisher: Syngress (an imprint of Elsevier Inc.) (September 23, 2013)) •Cyber Security and IT Infrastructure Protection (Publisher: Syngress (an imprint of Elsevier Inc.) (September 23, 2013)) •Managing Information Security, Second Edition, 2E (Publisher: Syngress (an imprint of Elsevier Inc.) (September 23, 2013)) •Computer and Information Security Handbook, 2E (Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann (an imprint of Elsevier Inc.) (May 31, 2013)) •Identity Theft (Cybersafety) (Publisher: Chelsea House Pub (April 1, 2012 )

    He has written more than 600 articles in the areas of advanced storage, computer security and aerospace technology (copies of articles and books are available upon request).

    John was also a configuration management specialist, computer specialist, and the computer security official (CSO) for NASA's space station program (Freedom) and the International Space Station Program, from 1988 until his retirement from NASA in 1995.

    In addition, John is also an independent online book reviewer. Finally, John was one of the security consultants for the MGM movie titled: "AntiTrust," which was released on January 12, 2001. A detailed copy of John's author bio can be viewed at URL: http://www.johnvacca.com. John can be reached at: john2164@windstream.net.

Affiliations and Expertise

Technology Consultant, TechWrite, USA

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