Sleep and The Maturing Nervous System

Sleep and The Maturing Nervous System

1st Edition - January 28, 1972

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  • Editor: Carmine D. Clemente
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148351

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Description

Sleep and the Maturing Nervous System contains manuscripts presented at a conference on Sleep and the Maturing Nervous Systems, held at the Allenberry Inn in Boiling Springs, Pennsylvania on June 21-24, 1970. The program is divided into five sessions: The Maturation of Neural Elements; Neurochemical Factors in Maturation of Sleep Behavior; Development of EEG and Activity Patterns in Relation to Sleep; Development of Reflex Patterns in Sleep; and Developmental Aspects of Normal and Abnormal Sleep Behavior. Organized into 19 chapters, the book begins by discussing the ontogenetic studies ranging from analyses of excitability properties and synaptic processes in single immature cortical neurons to structure-function correlations in developing cortical neuronal subsystems. This is followed by significant topics on the mutual relevancy between brain maturation and the ontogeny of sleep-wakefulness behavior. Additional aspects of the book focus on the developmental implications of conditions that might lead to the establishment of normal and abnormal sleep behavior in maturing organisms. A discussion on the problem of the mechanisms that underlie the unique distribution of behavior states at any particular age and during any particular experimental manipulation is provided along with a comparison of sleep behavior features between normal and mentally retarded subjects of the same age. This book will be of value to researchers and scientists interested in both the genetic and environmental factors determining the brain maturation and its relevancy in sleep and wakefulness.

Table of Contents


  • List of Participants

    Preface

    The Maturation of Neural Elements

    1 Principles of Synaptogenesis and Their Application to Ontogenetic Studies of Mammalian Cerebral Cortex

    Comparative Neuronal Morphogenesis and Synaptogenesis in Immature Cerebral Cortex: Functional Implications

    Excitability Properties of Dendrites of Immature Cortical Neurons

    Correlation Synaptogenesis and Evoked Potentials of Immature Cerebral Cortex

    Comments

    References

    2 The Development of Synapses in the Rat Cerebellar Cortex

    Text

    References

    Invited Discussion (Chapter 1 and 2) by Guenter H. Rose

    References

    General Discussion (Chapter 1 and 2)

    References

    3 Maturing Neuronal Subsystems: The Dendrites of Spinal Motorneurons

    Techniques

    Results

    Discussion

    Conclusion

    References

    Invited Discussion by Paul D. Coleman

    References

    General Discussion

    References

    Neurochemical Factors in the Maturation of Sleep Behavior

    4 Coordination between Excitation and Inhibition: Development of the GABA System

    Introduction

    Cerebellum

    The GABA System in the Cerebellum of the Developing Chick

    GABA in Other Vertebrate Neuronal Systems

    Comment

    References

    General Discussion

    5 Contributions of Differential Housing to Brain Development: Some Implications for Sleep Behavior

    Text

    References

    General Discussion

    6 The Role of Biogenic Amines in Sleep

    Text

    References

    General Discussion

    References

    7 Developmental Changes in Neurochemistry during the Maturation of Sleep Behavior

    Text

    References

    General Discussion

    References

    8 Maturation of Neurobiochemical Systems Related to the Ontogeny of Sleep Behavior

    Text

    References

    Development of EEG and Activity Patterns in Relation to Sleep

    9 Development of Wakefulness-Sleep Cycles and Associated EEG Patterns in Mammals

    Interspecies Similarities

    Interspecies Differences

    References

    10 The Basic Rest-Activity Cycle and Sleep: Developmental Considerations in Man and Cats

    Text

    Discussion

    References

    11 Development of States in Infants

    Components of State

    Development of State Variables

    Development of Sleep States

    Sleep and Waking States

    Animal Studies

    Conclusions

    References

    Invited Discussion: by Nathaniel Kleitman

    Reference

    Invited Discussion by David R. Metcalf

    References

    General Discussion

    References

    Development of Reflex Patterns in Sleep

    12 The Somatosensory Cerebral Evoked Potentials of the Sleeping Human Newborn

    Immaturity of the Human Brain at Birth

    Evoked Potentials in REMS and SWS

    Comparison with Vertex Responses

    Amplitude of Evoked Potentials in Sleep States

    The Effect of Intervals Between Stimuli

    Conclusions and Summary

    References

    Invited Discussion by Mortimer G. Rosen

    References

    General Discussion

    13 Patterns of Reflex Excitability during the Ontogenesis of Sleep and Wakefulness

    Introduction

    Brain Stem Reflex Activity in the Kitten

    Discussion

    References

    Invited Discussion by Dennis J. McGinty

    References

    Development of Early Motor Activity in the Monkey

    Selected Bibliography

    General Discussion

    References

    14 Patterns of Reflex Behavior Related to Sleep in the Human Infant

    The Definition of State

    Statement of the Problem

    Proprioceptive and Vestibular Reflexes

    Exteroceptive Skin Reflexes

    Acoustic Orienting Response

    Discussion

    References

    Invited Discussion by F. J. Schulte

    References

    Invited Discussion by Elliot D. Weitzman

    Reference

    General Discussion

    Reference

    Developmental Aspects of Normal and Abnormal Sleep Behavior

    15 Sleep Deprivation and the Organization of the Behavioral States

    Independent Processes in the States of Vigilance

    The Dynamism of Sleep States and Total Sleep Deprivation

    Selective Deprivation on Rapid Eye Movement Sleep

    Dissociative Aspects of Sleep and Wakefulness: Implications for Selective and Total Sleep Deprivation

    Conclusions

    References

    Invited Discussion by Howard P. Roffwarg

    Reference

    General Discussion

    References

    16 Development of Sleep Patterns in Autistic Children

    Clinical Considerations

    Neurophysiological Considerations

    Developmental Considerations

    Sleep Studies in Normal Subjects

    Sleep Studies in Autistic Children

    Central Vestibular Mechanisms

    Conclusion

    Summary

    References

    17 Sleep in Mental Retardation

    Quantitative Variations of the Sleep Stages

    Relationship of Etiology to Sleep Variables in the Mentally Retarded

    Qualitative Variations

    Genetic Aspects of Sleep

    The Eye Movements of Sleep

    Summary

    References

    18 Maternal Toxemia, Fetal Malnutrition, and Bioelectric Brain Activity of the Newborn

    Subjects

    Methods

    Results

    Discussion

    Summary

    References

    General Discussion

    References

    19 Summary and Concluding Remarks

    Historical Background

    Some Attempted Definitions

    Some Comments on Works in This Volume

    Some General Comments

    References

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 488
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 28, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148351

About the Editor

Carmine D. Clemente

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